How do i repair my hard drive in single user mode when disk is full?

Hi there Apple Community!
I have an old Macbook Pro 17" with an upgraded 500GB harddrive and 4GB memory. I'm running Mac OSX Lion.
Was hoping you could help me out.  THis is the situation:
Long story short I spilt wine on my macbook and the screen went a bit blobby. Switched it off for a few days, removed the battery etc. etc. Opened it up cleaned out as much of the wine as possible, but unfortunately some of it came in behind the LCD, so now the screen has a nice red stain.  Obviously I'm not going to try to clean that out of the LCD. 
My Macbook Pro still worked for a few days after that, but then my harddrive gave up.  I booted in the Recovery HD menu, verified the drive and I got the error "Keys out of order - This disk needs to be repaired, click Repair Disk." I attempted to repair the disk but got the error "Keys out of order - Disk Full Error - The volume could not be repaired".
Unfortnately of this 500GB I only have about 7GB free on it, as I have a huge iPhoto and iTunes library. I did make a TIme Machine backup of my user directory, but not the system files.  I don't really want to do a clean install because:
1) I'm paranoid that there's something I did not fully back up
2) I don't want to have to download the whole Mac OSX Lion again. I should have made a USB bootable backup when I had the chance.  I don't have access to a broadband connection.
What I feel are my viable options, are as follows:
1) I did buy a replacement internal 500GB harddrive, so I can probably try to make an image of the hard drive to this new drive, but not sure how. I believe it's through the Disk Utility with the "New Image" option but not sure how to go from there.
2) Start up in Single User Mode and delete some unnecessary files and re-attempt to run the fschk -fy utility again (I tried this earlier and got the same Disk Full Error).  - the problem with this is, I'm not familiar with the command line and have no clue how to delete files.  I don't know my way around Unix.
3) I can also probably attempt to make a Ghost Image or Acronis Image of the failed drive to this new drive, but not sure if Norton Ghost or Acronis True Image will be able to read this HFS drive - I believe it's possible as it's a simple hard drive clone. 
If you can guide me in the best option - probably there is a better solution than my proposed ones above, I appreciate any feedback and comments you might have!

hi Baltwo,
So I ended up copying my user folder to another harddrive. I managed to download the whole osx lion again, reinstalled, and recovered my home folder using this discussion:
I have managed to get all my files back. My iTunes library works fine, but my iPhoto library when I open it, get the following error:
iPhoto cannot be opened because of a problem.
Here's the error log
Process:         iPhoto [1540]
Path:            /Applications/
Version:         8.1.2 (8.1.2)
Build Info:      iPhotoProject-4240000~8
Code Type:       X86 (Native)
Parent Process:  launchd [209]
Date/Time:       2012-09-19 19:56:45.528 +0200
OS Version:      Mac OS X 10.7.4 (11E53)
Report Version:  9
Sleep/Wake UUID: 7948ABE2-5294-4F87-B6E3-777095A2F2EE
Interval Since Last Report:          4780 sec
Crashes Since Last Report:           9
Per-App Crashes Since Last Report:   9
Anonymous UUID:                      70117D38-03EA-4F9C-B810-50B743864B9E
Crashed Thread:  0
Exception Codes: 0x0000000000000002, 0x0000000000000000
Application Specific Information:
dyld: launch, loading dependent libraries
Dyld Error Message:
  Library not loaded: /System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/iLifeSlideshow.framework/Versions/A/iLifeSlid eshow
  Referenced from: /Applications/
  Reason: image not found
I've done an Apple Software Update but it didn't find an update for iPhoto.
One thing to note is, this library was originally created on iLife 08, upgraded to '09 and it stayed on that version. It hasn't een upgraded to iLife '11.  It worked fine on my previous install of OSX Lion.  How do I recover the library without upgrading to '11 ?

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    I do have the installation media on my usb flash drive. I'm sure it's leopard, and the problem is that I cannot get passed the apple logo on boot. The laptop turns off after trying to finish the boot for twenty seconds. However, I can get into single user mode. I just can't seem to install the media in single user mode due to my lack of know how.

  • Mounting external drives in single-user mode?

    Sigh. What were the odds of the HD on my month-old MacBook Pro and the HD on my somewhat older one (which was filling in for the moment as a backup) failing on the same night? Pretty low, I'm guessing, but that's what has happened. The Genius Bar has confirmed that the new drive is completely toast, and Apple is replacing it now, but of course they can't salvage the data. As for the old drive, while it won't boot and isn't visible to other machines in target disk mode, I am able to mount it in single-user mode and even view text files. What I can't seem to do is mount my external FireWire/USB2 drive so that I can try actually copying the files off.
    I've re-read the man page for "mount" in hopes of discovering the correct incantation, but so far it has eluded me. I've been trying things like "/sbin/mount -w /dev/disk1 /Volumes" and "/sbin/mount -w /dev/disk1 /Volumes/rescue", which return "Permission denied" and "No such file or directory" respectively...not sure that's the right device, but finding an acceptable mount point seems to be an issue regardless. Hoping someone can point me in the right direction, and thanks for reading.

    Thanks, joy yet, but definitely a helpful link.
    I've confirmed via System Profiler on laptop #3 that my external USB drive is formatted as MS-DOS FAT32, so mount_msdos seems like the right utility to use. (The drive shows up there as /dev/disk1s1.) Meanwhile, "ls /dev/disk*" on the problem machine returns the following:
    /dev/disk0 /dev/disk0s1 /dev/disk0s2 /dev/disk1 /dev/disk1s1 /dev/disk1s2 /dev/disk1s3 /dev/disk2 /dev/disk2s1
    I've created /Volumes/rescue as a mount point and tried most of those devices with "/sbin/mount_msdos [device] /Volumes/rescue", with the following results:
    mount_msdos: Unsupported sector size (0)
    mount_msdos: Unsupported sector size (1)
    mount_msdos: /dev/disk1s2: Bad file descriptor
    mount_msdos: Unsupported sector size (0)
    mount_msdos: Unsupported sector size (64543)
    kextload: cannot resolve dependencies for kernel extension /System/Library/Extensions/msdosfs.kext
    error loading extension /System/Library/Extensions/msdosfs.kext
    mount_msdos: msdos filesystem is not available
    Based on this, I'm guessing that disk2s1 is the device I want. Unfortunately, when I try to poke around in /System/Library/Extensions, I'm getting I/O errors...gah. I have a bad feeling about this.

  • Using Photoshop Elements 12 on my MacBook Pro laptop, when saving a file I have been working on I get the following message although there is at least 50GB free space on the hard drive:  Could not save because the disk is full.

    I have been making Christmas Cards, working in layers and then flattening the image.  However, I am unable to save the final image as I get the following message:  Could not save because the disk is full.  Looking at the system report for my laptop shows there is 52GB of free space.

    Well, running on a 2006 model.  I did not have a startup disc.  Initially, it booted up on original software in 2006.  Since then, I've upgraded to 10.6 via a box set.  And, since then I think I popped it up to lion. 
    All I have on a disc is snow leopard.  And, I can't get farther than the setup screen due to hard drive.  I'm taking to a apple authorized repair store right now.  We'll see what they tell me .  I'm just going to weigh the cost of repair vs. buying new.
    Another bad, stupid thing is I had no means of backing up my stuff.  So, I might have lost things like music, vids, etc.  we'll see if they can recover.  If the cost is too much for repair I might just forget it and start over with a new system.  Just not sure at this point.

  • Mounting devices as drives in single-user mode

    i am having a problem with a computer that won't start up into mac osx and i am wondering about mounting an external hard drive that shows up under /dev/ but not /volumes/. i am trying to back up some files using the tar command, but i need a drive available first before i can do so. thanks in advance for any replies!

    THANK YOU!!!
    The "diskutil disableJournal /" command worked and allowed me to FINALLY mount the disk via target mode. I successfully backed up my most important files. As of now, I don't know why this has worked, despite the read-only status of the disk, but it has. Once I typed the command and hit enter, I heard the hard drive spinning and doing some work for about 15 seconds. After that, nothing happened and, for some reason, I decided to force a shut down, restart the mac in target mode, and see what happened. However, I tried trashing some stuff, which locked up both computers, but I am trying the command again and being more patient with the it to see if I can do some more back up work. Even if that was a short-lived fix, it was long enough for me to back up my honors thesis, which I worked on for two years and counting. I have been working on this problem to no avail (off and on) for the past two months, so to finally see some progress has been pretty nice (understatement). whew! yeah!
    again, thanks!
    P.S., i will do some diagnostic stuff on the disk after i attempt another disabling of journaling (fsck or the tiger dvd diskutility app). I'll keep you posted.

  • Mounting USB Drive in Single user mode

    My Intel Imac fails to boot up. fsck -y fails too ... can't think of any other way to get my data out ...
    I am left with the only option to copy my data into my usb drive in the terminal mode .
    But I am unable to mount my USB drive. I also need to know the mount point. can anyone provide me with help.

    The mountpoint can be anything you want. The tricky part is figuring out the device your drive is using. I don't know for sure (can't test it right now), but dmesg or one of the system logs might have that information in it if you boot to SUM with the external drive attached. The logs also might have a record of what device this drive used in the past when connected. It will likely use the same device every time.
    If not, you can guess. I have seen one of my external disks mount using the device disk1s2. If I were to attach that to my machine in SUM, I could then mount it like this:
    mount_hfs /dev/disk1s2 /Volumes/recover
    where the mount point /Volumes/recover is something I created (i.e. just a simple "mkdir /Volumes/recover"). This could be anything you want.

  • How do I repair a hard drive that was being written to while my MacBook Air crashed? (Drive will not mount)

    My external backup drive will not mount. I have tried to mount it in Disk Utility via the app and the command prompt but the attempt times out. Any suggestions?
    I backed up my HD the day before dropping off my Mac for repair, and then tried again just before going to my appointment. During this last and final backup my Macbook Air crashed. I have since discovered that the drive will no longer mount, likely due to the crash that occured during the last attempted backup. I am unsure if the drive can be repaired.
    My logic board was short circuiting some where that controls the headphone jack. Initially this prevented me from using the jack but eventually caused my mac to crash several times before I brought it in for repair. I believe that it is the this crashing that is responsible for my back up not being accessible but that my data may still be intact.
    Thanks for any help you may have!

    If possible, attach it to another Mac and see if it is recognized in Disk Utility.  If so, run Disk Utility>First Aid.  If not, the HDD may be damaged.

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