INSERT INTO table. . . SELECT field1, field2 From. . . .bug

Hi,
I should remember this but . . . bug with t-sql  using Insert Into  on a temp table.  It is unhappy with fields I'm trying to insert.
It's probably the fact that I'm trying to using some default data w/ aliases for a couple of the fields. 
Have a look at code please, and tell me how to correct. Thanks!
DECLARE @OrderNo varchar(6)
USE tempdb;
set @OrderNo = '909773' ;
IF OBJECT_ID ('#tmpNCGLITEMS') IS NOT NULL --how to get this to work with SSMS w/o reloading the qry window. i.e. how to release to delete????
DROP TABLE #tmpNCGLItems
use DEV_ORDERS;
SELECT distinct od.lline as OrdLine, od.ldrcolor as ClrCode, od.ldrspec as SpecCode, ad.Addon_Mod_GL_Acct as ncGLCode
INTO #tmpNCGLItems
FROM OODETL od
INNER JOIN [Dev_Products].[dbo].[Addon_Master] ad on od.lfg = ad.Addon_Mod_Mod_Code_ID AND ad.Addon_Mod_A_C_D_ID = 'C'
WHERE od.LOrder = @OrderNo and ad.Addon_Mod_GL_Acct is not null
select * from #tmpNCGLItems
USE tempdb;
IF OBJECT_ID ('#tmpNCGLITEMS1') IS NOT NULL
DROP TABLE #tmpNCGLItems1
USE DEV_ORDERS;
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[#tmpNCGLItems1](
[OrdLine] [char](4) NOT NULL,
[ClrCode] [char](6) NULL,
[SpecCode] [varchar](6) NULL,
[ClrUPorDiscAmt] money NULL, [SpecUPorDiscAmt] money NULL,
[ncGLCode] [varchar](10) NULL, [lPrice] money Null
) ON [PRIMARY]
--insert into below is failing. Says fields don't match----Msg 213, Level 16, State 1, Line 33
--Insert Error: Column name or number of supplied values does not match table definition.
--but. . . I think I have 7 fields and I think the datatypes match?
INSERT INTO #tmpNCGLItems1
SELECT ordLine, ClrCode, SpecCode, 0 as [ClrUPorDiscAmt], 0 as [SpecUPorDiscAmt], ncGLCode,
SUM(od.lextendprice) as lPrice
FROM #tmpNCGLItems tmp JOIN OODETL od on tmp.OrdLine = od.lline
WHERE od.lorder = @OrderNo
GROUP BY ordLine, ClrCode, SpecCode, NcGLCode

>> I should remember this but . . . bug with T-SQL  using Insert Into  on a temp table.  It is unhappy with fields [sic] I'm trying to insert. It's probably the fact that I'm trying to using some default data w/ aliases for a couple
of the fields [sic: columns are not fields]. <<
Temp tables are how a bad programmer fakes a scratch tape so his SQL can look like magnetic tape files. We do not like to materialize data  on the disk unless we have to. 
And data element do not change names from table to table in a schema! Get rid of the aliases, even tho they are closer to ISO-11179 than the base table crap. 
But you are an old FORTRAN programmer! Your "OODETL” is six uppercase letters as required by FORTRAN I; an SQL programmer would have used something like “Order_Details” instead. The mix of camelCase, FORTRAN and several other non-SQL languages is scary. 
Why did you use MONEY? It is not portable and the math is wrong. Google it! Why do you think that “<something>_code_id” makes any sense? A data element can be a “<something>_code” or a “<something>_id” but never that hybrid disaster. 
I would do this with VIEWs so that I know the data is always current. 
CREATE VIEW NC_GL_Items (..)
AS 
SELECT DISTINCT OD.l_line, OD.ldr_color, OD.ldr_spec,
       AD.addon_mod_gl_acct  
  FROM Oodetl AS OD,
       Addon_Master AS AD
 WHERE ..;
The SELECT DISTINCT should not be there. An account should not be NULL, etc. Why do you have more nulls in one table than entire accounting systems? Why do you set integer zero to an amount, which should be a decimal for money? 
This is a crazy quilt that is clearly a bitch to maintain or even read. Can you clean it up or are you screwed? 
--CELKO-- Books in Celko Series for Morgan-Kaufmann Publishing: Analytics and OLAP in SQL / Data and Databases: Concepts in Practice Data / Measurements and Standards in SQL SQL for Smarties / SQL Programming Style / SQL Puzzles and Answers / Thinking
in Sets / Trees and Hierarchies in SQL

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    If anyone could tell me another way to do the same thing i'll apreciate it a lot; i'm keen on learn more efficient ways to optimize scripts.
    PD: The initial insert was inserting the table with 120,000 records (more or less)

    Hello,
    Wrong forum. This is the Oracle Forms forum. You should post in the SQL-PL/SQL forum.
    Francois

  • How do i insert into table through forms

    Hi
    I have developed a custom form based on custom table.
    the only way to insert data into database table is through form.
    there are two tables: one table is to store all contract details & second table is to maintain history forthis.
    one condition(col1,col2,col3,col4) are unique combination,we are not creating any PK or FK at database level.evrythng is captured at form level.
    if all 4 columns combination exist thn e should not insert that record.
    if 4 columns combination doesnot exist then insert into table.
    I have used just pre insert,pre update triggers.
    I think its a basic form functionality ,by itself it inserts ,update record.now it is doing the same thng.
    But I have to add the above condition ,how can i do that.
    Pl provide me some ex code .
    Thank you.
    Hope any one can help me

    SQL> create table t
      2  (object_id    number
      3  ,object_name  varchar2(30));
    Table created.
    SQL>
    SQL> create sequence t_seq;
    Sequence created.
    SQL>
    SQL> insert into t (object_id, object_name)
      2  select t_seq.nextval
      3        ,object_name
      4  from   all_objects
      5  ;
    52637 rows created.

  • How to insert into table, of table description of table

    Dear All,
    I need to take the table description of the table and i need to insert that description in to a new table column , please help me to how to write the query for these.
    many thanks in advance
    Sreenivasulu P

    user627163 wrote:
    Dear All,
    I need to take the table description of the table and i need to insert that description in to a new table column , please help me to how to write the >query for these.Why insert into a new column into the same table ? That would be madness. :) (kidding)
    You can explore with this :
    [[email protected] ~]$ sqlplus scott/tiger
    SQL*Plus: Release 11.1.0.6.0 - Production on Tue Jun 2 09:23:10 2009
    Copyright (c) 1982, 2007, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
    Connected to:
    Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.1.0.6.0 - 64bit Production
    With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
    SQL> create table dtable (tablename varchar2(20),col_name varchar2(20),Not_null varchar2(1), datatype varchar2(20) );
    Table created.
    SQL> desc dtable
    Name                                      Null?    Type
    TABLENAME                                          VARCHAR2(20)
    COL_NAME                                           VARCHAR2(20)
    NOT_NULL                                           VARCHAR2(1)
    DATATYPE                                           VARCHAR2(20)
    SQL> set wrap off
    SQL> SELECT column_name "Name", nullable "Null?",
           CONCAT (CONCAT (CONCAT (data_type, '('), data_length), ')') "Type"
      FROM user_tab_columns
    WHERE table_name = 'EMP';
    Name                           N Type
    EMPNO                          N NUMBER(22)
    ENAME                          Y VARCHAR2(10)
    JOB                            Y VARCHAR2(9)
    MGR                            Y NUMBER(22)
    HIREDATE                       Y DATE(7)
    SAL                            Y NUMBER(22)
    COMM                           Y NUMBER(22)
    DEPTNO                         Y NUMBER(22)
    8 rows selected.
    SQL> INSERT INTO dtable
       SELECT 'emp', column_name, nullable,
              CONCAT (CONCAT (CONCAT (data_type, '('), data_length), ')') "Type"
         FROM user_tab_columns
        WHERE table_name = 'EMP';
    8 rows created.
    SQL> commit;
    Commit complete.
    SQL> select * from dtable;
    TABLENAME            COL_NAME             N DATATYPE
    emp                  EMPNO                N NUMBER(22)
    emp                  ENAME                Y VARCHAR2(10)
    emp                  JOB                  Y VARCHAR2(9)
    emp                  MGR                  Y NUMBER(22)
    emp                  HIREDATE             Y DATE(7)
    emp                  SAL                  Y NUMBER(22)
    emp                  COMM                 Y NUMBER(22)
    emp                  DEPTNO               Y NUMBER(22)
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    many thanks in advancecheers
    Sreenivasulu P

  • Reg: read excel column and insert into table.

    hi Friends,
          i wanted to read the data from Excel and insert into in my oracle tables.
          can you provide the link or example script.
        how to read the column value from excel and insert into table.
      please help.

    < unnecessary reference to personal blog removed by moderator >
    Here are the steps:
    1) First create a directory and grant read , write , execute to the user from where you want to access the flat files and load it.
    2) Write a generic function to load PIPE delimited flat files:
    CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION TABLE_LOAD ( p_table in varchar2,
    p_dir in varchar2 DEFAULT ‘YOUR_DIRECTORY_NAME’,
    P_FILENAME in varchar2,
    p_ignore_headerlines IN INTEGER DEFAULT 1,
    p_delimiter in varchar2 default ‘|’,
    p_optional_enclosed in varchar2 default ‘”‘ )
    return number
    is
    – FUNCTION TABLE_LOAD
    – PURPOSE: Load the flat files i.e. only text files to Oracle
    – tables.
    – This is a generic function which can be used for
    – importing any text flat files to oracle database.
    – PARAMETERS:
    – P_TABLE
    – Pass name of the table for which import has to be done.
    – P_DIR
    – Name of the directory where the file is been placed.
    – Note: The grant has to be given for the user to the directory
    – before executing the function
    – P_FILENAME
    – The name of the flat file(a text file)
    – P_IGNORE_HEADERLINES
    – By default we are passing 1 to skip the first line of the file
    – which are headers on the Flat files.
    – P_DELIMITER
    – Dafault “|” pipe is been passed.
    – P_OPTIONAL_ENCLOSED
    – Optionally enclosed by ‘ ” ‘ are been ignored.
    – AUTHOR:
    – Slobaray
    l_input utl_file.file_type;
    l_theCursor integer default dbms_sql.open_cursor;
    l_lastLine varchar2(4000);
    l_cnames varchar2(4000);
    l_bindvars varchar2(4000);
    l_status integer;
    l_cnt number default 0;
    l_rowCount number default 0;
    l_sep char(1) default NULL;
    L_ERRMSG varchar2(4000);
    V_EOF BOOLEAN := false;
    begin
    l_cnt := 1;
    for TAB_COLUMNS in (
    select column_name, data_type from user_tab_columns where table_name=p_table order by column_id
    ) loop
    l_cnames := l_cnames || tab_columns.column_name || ‘,’;
    l_bindvars := l_bindvars || case when tab_columns.data_type in (‘DATE’, ‘TIMESTAMP(6)’) then ‘to_date(:b’ || l_cnt || ‘,”YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS”),’ else ‘:b’|| l_cnt || ‘,’ end;
    l_cnt := l_cnt + 1;
    end loop;
    l_cnames := rtrim(l_cnames,’,');
    L_BINDVARS := RTRIM(L_BINDVARS,’,');
    L_INPUT := UTL_FILE.FOPEN( P_DIR, P_FILENAME, ‘r’ );
    IF p_ignore_headerlines > 0
    THEN
    BEGIN
    FOR i IN 1 .. p_ignore_headerlines
    LOOP
    UTL_FILE.get_line(l_input, l_lastLine);
    END LOOP;
    EXCEPTION
    WHEN NO_DATA_FOUND
    THEN
    v_eof := TRUE;
    end;
    END IF;
    if not v_eof then
    dbms_sql.parse( l_theCursor, ‘insert into ‘ || p_table || ‘(‘ || l_cnames || ‘) values (‘ || l_bindvars || ‘)’, dbms_sql.native );
    loop
    begin
    utl_file.get_line( l_input, l_lastLine );
    exception
    when NO_DATA_FOUND then
    exit;
    end;
    if length(l_lastLine) > 0 then
    for i in 1 .. l_cnt-1
    LOOP
    dbms_sql.bind_variable( l_theCursor, ‘:b’||i,
    ltrim(rtrim(rtrim(
    regexp_substr(l_lastLine,’([^|]*)(\||$)’,1,i),p_delimiter),p_optional_enclosed),p_optional_enclosed));
    end loop;
    begin
    l_status := dbms_sql.execute(l_theCursor);
    l_rowCount := l_rowCount + 1;
    exception
    when OTHERS then
    L_ERRMSG := SQLERRM;
    insert into BADLOG ( TABLE_NAME, ERRM, data, ERROR_DATE )
    values ( P_TABLE,l_errmsg, l_lastLine ,systimestamp );
    end;
    end if;
    end loop;
    dbms_sql.close_cursor(l_theCursor);
    utl_file.fclose( l_input );
    commit;
    end if;
    insert into IMPORT_HIST (FILENAME,TABLE_NAME,NUM_OF_REC,IMPORT_DATE)
    values ( P_FILENAME, P_TABLE,l_rowCount,sysdate );
    UTL_FILE.FRENAME(
    P_DIR,
    P_FILENAME,
    P_DIR,
    REPLACE(P_FILENAME,
    ‘.txt’,
    ‘_’ || TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, ‘DD_MON_RRRR_HH24_MI_SS_AM’) || ‘.txt’
    commit;
    RETURN L_ROWCOUNT;
    end TABLE_LOAD;
    Note: when you run the function then it will also modify the source flat file with timestamp , so that we can have the track like which file was loaded .
    3) Check if the user is having UTL_FILE privileges or not :
    SQL> SELECT OWNER,
    OBJECT_TYPE
    FROM ALL_OBJECTS
    WHERE OBJECT_NAME = ‘UTL_FILE’
    AND OWNER =<>;
    If the user is not having the privileges then grant “UTL_FILE” to user from SYS user:
    SQL> GRANT EXECUTE ON UTL_FILE TO <>;
    4) In the function I have used two tables like:
    import_hist table and badlog table to track the history of the load and another to check the bad log if it occurs while doing the load .
    Under the same user create an error log table to log the error out records while doing the import:
    SQL> CREATE TABLE badlog
    errm VARCHAR2(4000),
    data VARCHAR2(4000) ,
    error_date TIMESTAMP
    Under the same user create Load history table to log the details of the file and tables that are imported with a track of records loaded:
    SQL> create table IMPORT_HIST
    FILENAME varchar2(200),
    TABLE_NAME varchar2(200),
    NUM_OF_REC number,
    IMPORT_DATE DATE
    5) Finally run the PLSQL block and check if it is loading properly or not if not then check the badlog:
    Execute the PLSQL block to import the data from the USER:
    SQL> declare
    P_TABLE varchar2(200):=<>;
    P_DIR varchar2(200):=<>;
    P_FILENAME VARCHAR2(200):=<>;
    v_Return NUMBER;
    BEGIN
    v_Return := TABLE_LOAD(
    P_TABLE => P_TABLE,
    P_DIR => P_DIR,
    P_FILENAME => P_FILENAME,
    P_IGNORE_HEADERLINES => P_IGNORE_HEADERLINES,
    P_DELIMITER => P_DELIMITER,
    P_OPTIONAL_ENCLOSED => P_OPTIONAL_ENCLOSED
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE(‘v_Return = ‘ || v_Return);
    end;
    6) Once the PLSQL block is been executed then check for any error log table and also the target table if the records are been successfully imported or not.

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