Pnp- logical db in abap query

hi.
i need to create an ABAP/sap query. when i created the InfoSet i used logical db-pnp.
if i want to get only the employees which entered my organization during the last month where should i add the ABAP code,  under which section => extras -> code. i have there several options - data, initialization, at selection-screen output etc, what to choose??????????
thanks,
Ami

Hi
Welcome to SDN forum
query has got some limitatins compared to Reports which we write using SE38
these queries are user specific and client specific and can't be transportable and you can't write your own code as you wish like reports
see the doc
http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/35/26b413afab52b9e10000009b38f974/content.htm
http://www.thespot4sap.com/Articles/SAP_ABAP_Queries_Introduction.asp
Step-by-step guide for creating ABAP query
http://www.sappoint.com/abap/ab4query.pdf
ABAP query is mostly used by functional consultants.
SAP Query
Purpose
The SAP Query application is used to create lists not already contained in the SAP standard system. It has been designed for users with little or no knowledge of the SAP programming language ABAP. SAP Query offers users a broad range of ways to define reporting programs and create different types of reports such as basic lists, statistics, and ranked lists.
Features
SAP Query's range of functions corresponds to the classical reporting functions available in the system. Requirements in this area such as list, statistic, or ranked list creation can be met using queries.
All the data required by users for their lists can be selected from any SAP table created by the customer.
To define a report, you first have to enter individual texts, such as titles, and select the fields and options which determine the report layout. Then you can edit list display in WYSIWYG mode whenever you want using drag and drop and the other toolbox functions available.
ABAP Query, as far as I Believe, is the use of select statements in the ABAP Programming. This needs a knowledge of Open SQL commands like Select,UPdtae, Modify etc. This has to be done only by someone who has a little bit of ABAP experience.
To sum up, SAP queries are readymade programs given by SAP, which the user can use making slight modification like the slection texts, the tables from which the data is to be retrieved and the format in which the data is to be displayed.ABAP queries become imperative when there is no such SAP query existing and also when there is a lot of customizing involved to use a SAP Query directly
use either SQ02 ans SQ01
or SQVI tr code
for more information please go thru this url:
http://www.thespot4sap.com/Articles/SAP_ABAP_Queries_Create_The_Query.asp
http://goldenink.com/abap/sap_query.html
Please check this PDF document (starting page 352) perhaps it will help u.
http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/BCSRVQUE/BCSRVQUE.pdf
check the below link will be helpful for u
Tutorial on SQVI
once you create query system generates a report starting with AQZZ/SAPQUERY/ABAGENCY2======= assing this report to tr code for the same
Regards
Anji

Similar Messages

  • Logical database of ABAP query

    Hi,
    Can anybody please let me know what is the Logical database for ETXDCI, ETXDCH & ETXDCJ (Tax tables) with any sales document tables? I need to develop one ABAP query for the users.
    I am a Functional person so I would like to know Can anybody please let me know how I can find out the Logical database?
    Your time and help will be really appreciate.
    Thanks & Regards,
    Niki Shah.

    Try the BRF logical database.
    I found it by searching in which programs the tables were used.
    It show program SAPDBBRF which is the program for logical database BRF.
    Kind regards,
    Arthur Parisius

  • Selection Screen  of PNP Logical database

    Experts,
    I am stuck up in filtering of data.
    I am using PNP logical database in Adhoc Query, if I select Current Month as data selection than also it is giving all list of data..
    Can anyone give Input to me.
    it is urgent.
    Point will revert for useful answer.
    Hetal.

    how about if u do this step
    1. Goto- Attribute.
    2. Click "Change"
    3. Click 'HR Report Category'
    4. Click 'Create Report Category'
    5. Click 'new entries' for careating Report Category
    5. Select newly create report category
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    8. Here you assign the required fields to be displayed, for eg pywerks - personal area.
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  • ABAP QUERY STEPS

    Hi Friends,
    can i send me Creation of ABAP QUERY...
    REGARDS,

    What Is SAP Queries
    Many times a need arises for SAP Users and Functional Consultants to generate quick reports without getting any ABAP coding done – time taken to complete the coding in development, transport and test it in QA system and then transport to production – is sometimes too long. In such cases, ABAP/4 query is a tool provided by SAP for generating these kind of reports.
    Type of Report Desired:
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    Statistics Report containing statistical functions like Average &Percentage
    Ranked List Report written for analytical purpose
    The output is always seen in the order of Basic List, then Statistics and then Ranked List if any. One ABAP query can have one basic list, maximum of 9 statistics and maximum of 9 ranked lists.
    In a nutshell, an ABAP/4 query can be designed in four steps
    - Creation of a user group
    - Creation of functional area
    - Assignment of user group to functional area
    - Creation of the query based on functional area
    The various objects that form an ABAP query can be created in the following 2 ways:
    - Tools => ABAP/4 Workbench => Utilities => ABAP/4 Query
    OR
    - By executing the transaction codes mentioned below:
    SQ01 ABAP/4 Query
    SQ02 Functional Area
    SQ03 User group
    Step I - Create Functional Area
    In the functional area section, the user indicates from which part of the SAP database the data is going to be retrieved and how the data is to be retrieved by the query. One functional area can be assigned to many user groups. A functional area can be created with or without a logical database. To create a functional area with a logical database, one has to mention the name of the database and then select the fields from the tables that form the logical database.
    ABAP Query Authorizations: To use an ABAP query, the user must have appropriate authorizations. Two ways of providing authorizations to the users are as follows:
    - User groups
    The user should be a part of at least one user group to run the corresponding ABAP query. This automatically restricts the access of the user to specific functional areas, and thus the corresponding underlying logical databases.
    - Authorizations
    The authorization object S_QUERY should be used to give proper authorizations to the user for a query. This authorization object has a field named ACTVT which can take values 02 for Change, 23 for Maintain and 67 for Translate.
    This value determines whether the user can create and modify the query. The possible authorizations in the object are as follows:
    S_QUERY_ALL Change, maintain and translate query
    S_QUERY_UPD Change and Translate
    Though the general concept of an ABAP query is moderately difficult, the results and the long term use of the ABAP query is worth the effort.
    Creating the ABAP Query
    To create the query use the menu path Environment => Queries
    · Give a name to the query and click on the Create button
    · Give the description of the query in the next screen. Specify the output length and select the processing option from the Further Processing Options box. The data can be displayed in various formats such as table, download to a file, and display in Word etc.
    · Click on the Next screen icon. Select the functional group screen. All the functional groups created in the functional area are displayed. Select the groups that you desire – fields from only these groups will be displayed in the output. Click on the respective check boxes and click on the Next Screen icon.
    · The Select Field screen gets displayed. Select all the fields from the user group that you need to display on the output of the query. If required, specify the short names for the fields using the menu path Edit => Short Names => Switch On/Off or you can also change the selection text contains in the order you want to appear on the selection screen. You can also maintain column headers for the fields by using the menu path Edit => Column Header => Maintain. 
    ·         Click on the Next Screen icon to get the Selections Screen. Here you can check against the fields that you require to be shown on the selection screen.
    ·         Now we need to specify the output type for the query as Basic List, Statistics or Ranked List. Choose the option Basic List.
    ·         On the Basic List line structure screen the following things can be done
    o        Specify the report layout in detail – lines on which the fields will appear.
    o        Order in which the fields will appear in the output
    o        Sort order for the fields – this is optional.
    o        For the numeric fields you can check against the fields for which you require totals in the output.
    o        Beautify the output according to the options provided.
    ·         Click on the next screen icon, to specify the control levels as mentioned below
    o        Specify the sort order. The default sort order is ascending and can be changed to descending if required.
    o        Totals for each field selected for sorting can be displayed
    o        To display the output of a field in a box click on the check box against box. To display a line after the output of a field, click on the check box against BlnkLn
    o        To display the output of a field on a new page click on the check box against New Page
    ·         Click on the next screen icon to get the List Line options Screen. Here you can specify the background color for displaying the output.
    ·         Click on the next screen icon to get the Field Output Option screen. In this you can specify the following:
    o        Change the output length or the display positions of the fields
    o        Specify the display position of the unit for quantity or currency fields. Click left radio button to display it before the figure, middle radio button to display it after the figure while last radio button to hide the unit altogether.
    o        Specify color for the column of every field under the Format option.
    o        Specify the label against the output of sort fields.
    ·         Click on the Next screen option to go to the Basic List Header screen. Here you can specify
    o        Give page header and page footer for the output
    o        Include user name and date by specifying &N and &D respectively.
    After providing all the above options you can save the query and execute it by clicking the Execute button twice
    Regards,
    Maha

  • How to create an ABAP Query with OR logical expression in the select-where

    Hi,
    In trying to create an ABAP query with parameters. So it will select data where fields are equal to the parameters entered. The default logical expression is SELECT.. WHERE... AND.. However I want to have an OR logical expression instead of AND.. how can I attain this??
    Please help me on this.. Points will be rewarded.
    Thanks a lot.
    Regards,
    Question Man

    Hi Bhupal, Shanthi, and Saipriya,
    Thanks for your replies. But that didn't answer my question.
    Bhupal,
    You cannot just replace AND with OR in an ABAP QUERY. ABAP QUERY is a self generated SAP code. You'll just declare the tables, input parameters and output fields to be displayed and it will create a SAP standard code. If you'll try to change the code and replace the AND with OR in the SAP standard code, the system will require you to enter access key/object key for that particular query.
    Shanthi,
    Yes, that is exactly what need to have. I need to retireve DATA whenever one of the conditions was satisfied.
    Saipriya,
    Like what I have said, this is a standard SAP code so we can't do your suggestion.
    I have already tried to insert a code in the ABAP query (there's a part there wherein you can have extra code) but that didn't work. Can anybody help me on this.
    Thanks a lot.
    Points will be rewarded.
    Regards,
    Question Man

  • Problem with logical database DDF in ABAP query

    Hi All,
          I have created an ABAP query via the transaction SQ01 using the logical database DDF to retrieve customer master data from tables KNA1 & KNB1. The selection screen used is the screen 903 of the logical database DDF. But now the problem is that when I execute the query, I am getting a blank value in the tax code4(KNA1-STCD4) field though there is value in the KNA1 table for this particular field. This field was added to the table by means of a customizing include. Can anyone suggest a way to get around this problem so that I can view the content of the field STCD4 in the query.
    Thanks and regards,
    Sarath.

    I think it's not used by DDF.
    so you must check it with:
    check kna1-bran1 in s_bran1.
    A.

  • ABAP QUERY - SQ02 addition of logic in infoset (END-OF-SELECTION)

    I guys I have read this discussion: http://scn.sap.com/message/8193608#8193608
    but solve partially my problem.
    In particular I need special logic to interpret the single field from field symbol, for example:            
         loop at <goo> assigne <goo_wa>.                  
               tot_qty = tot_qty + <goo_wa>vbap-zmeng.
         endloop.
    I would like to add new row, with my logic into stracture of query %G00.
    thanks for any idea Omar

    resolved, it is must to use for all filed-symbols
    example
    types: beging of l_summary,
         matnr type matnr,
    end of l_summary.
    data: lt_summary type standard table of l_summary,
             ls_summary type line of lt_summary,
             lf_string type string.
    fiel-symbols: <gt> type standard table,
    <ls> type any,
    <lf> type any.
    lf_string = '%G00[]'.
    unassign <gt>
    assign (lf_string) to <gt>.
    if <gt> is assigned.
    loop at <gt> assigning <ls>.
    lf_string = '<ls>-vbap-matnr'.
    unassign <lf>.
    assign (lf_string) to <lf>.
    if <lf> is assigned.
    ls_summary-matnr = <lf>.
    endloop

  • Query: PNP Logical Database Screen

    Hi,
    My requirement is to default some values in the SORT ORDER button of the PNP screen.
    I can do that by creating a variant and attaching it to the Tcode, but is there any other way to do it.
    Also, I need to add couple of new values to that list.
    Please suggest how to achieve it.
    Helpful replies will be rewarded.
    Regards,
    Amit

    Amit,
    you need to use Report categories as a solution to the issues mentioned in your mail.
    You can access report category by going to attributes of your HR report which is using PNP logical database.
    You will find a button in 'Attributes' dialog screen for HR Report Categories which will enable you to add new fields, default the values etc.
    Reward points , if helpful.
    Regards
    Waz

  • Logical database in adhoc query

    Hello All,
    Can anyone tell me what is the logical database in adhoc query?

    Hi
    When you create a query , you have to select an infoset. Infoset can be considered as a source from which data is populated in the Query Fields.
    Infosets are created from Transaction SQ02.
    There can be four methods through which an Infoset can become a source of data:
    1.  Table join ( By joining two or more tables from Data dictionary)
         example: Joining tables PA0001 and PA0006 on Pernr to get a one resultant dataset
    2. Direct read of Basis Table ( Like PA0001 as a source for data in Infoset )
    3. Logical Database ( A Pre-written Program by SAP that extract data from clusters, tables taking care of authorizations and validity periods)
    Example : Logical database PNP, PNPCE (Concurrent Employement),PCH ( LDB for Personnel Development Data)
    Custom Logical DBs can be created in T_Code SE-36.
    4. Data Retrieval by a Program ( Custom code written by ABAP developers which will collect and process data) . This program has a corresponding Structure in data dictionary and the fields of this structure will be used in query)
    Reward Points, if helpful.
    Regards
    Waseem Imran

  • Abap Query - Creation of Report

    Hi guys,
    I do have a question to ABAP Query:
    I want to create a report that shows me all current active employees and all of their corresponding positions from Infotype 1.
    I have got it to the part where the report gives me all employees (active and withdrawn).
    The question is:
    How can I show only active employees as of todays date?
    Thanks,
    Sascha

    Thanks for your reply,
    but if I enter date 31.12.9999 and status of active. it gives me for some the latest record and for some two - though I could not find out why?!
    I should say, I am using logical database PNP for this query
    null

  • PNPCE in ABAP Query(SQ01) Selection is not working completely

    Hi All,
    I have developed an ABAP query using LDB PNPCE. I am reading data from IT000,IT0001 etc . I test the query in QA and I noticed that the PNCPCE screen doesn’t care about the selection in query. Like I have given the date range in PNCPE default screen. But it’s not filtering that data at all. It pulling up the employee’s regardless of date, it behaves the same for field action type (P0000-MASSn). The surprising thing is that for company code its working fine. My question is that Why PNPCE standard screen-selection not filtering data in ABAP query.
    Did any one of you also experience that?
    FYI
    I also find an OSS note # 730005 but we are already on 52 Patch !!
    OSS note :PNPCE: Incorrect data of infotype 0000 and 0001
    Symptom
    When you carry out a reprot which is based on logical database PNPCE, errors occur during the processing of infotypes 0000 and 0001.
    Other terms
    PNPCE, AS PERSON, P0000, P0001, data selection period, person selection period, CHECK_IT_0000_DATA_RESTRICTED, CHECK_IT_0001_DATA_RESTRICTED
    Reason and Prerequisites
    You start a report which is based on logical database PNPCE. In the report, infotype 0000 or 0001 is processed (that is, it was declared via the INFOTYPES statement). At event 'GET GROUP' or 'GET PERAS', the system either returns too few data records in the infotype tables or it returns data records twice.
    The error (missing data records) has only occured since the implementation of Note 687004 or the import of Support Package SAPKE47028.
    Solution
    Implement the attached corrections. or import the corresponding Support Package.
    Thanks,
    Saquib Khan

    Hi Saquib,
       Recently i am facing the same issue can u pls do reply how you have overcome this issue..The data is not getting picked up at the right time it is lately picked up by the program . Earlier it was PNP and it has been changed to PNPCE also we had implemented OSS Note 687004 and the later's Notes  were also implemented but still now we are unable to track down why there is delay in picking up the records this has been happening for the past 8-10 Months(i m not sure far more before). I am finding 2 main issues,
    1. we are using GET peras in PNPCE and no other event after that may be this is not fetching all the data because my selection screen does contain PERSONID where i suppose there should be GET PERSON event to define it
    2. RP_READ_INFOTYPE macro while using for P0000 ,, the code in the macro is such that it fetches using P0001 also ...I suppose if there are any inconsistency between IT0 and IT1 then this might one to take care ...
    kindly let me know how you have approached to resolve this issue.

  • PNPCE in ABAP Query !!! Slection is not working completely

    Hi
      I have developed an ABAP query using LDB PNPCE. I am reading data from IT000,IT0001 etc . I test the query in QA and I noticed that the PNCPCE screen doesn’t care about the selection in query. Like I have given the date range in PNCPE default screen. But it’s not filtering that data at all. It pulling up the employee’s regardless of date, it behaves the same for field action type (P0000-MASSn). The surprising thing is that for company code its working fine. My question is that Why PNPCE standard screen-selection not filtering data in ABAP query.
    Did any one of you also experience that?
    <u>
    <b>FYI</b></u>
    I also find an OSS note # 730005 but we are already on 52 Patch !!
    OSS note :PNPCE: Incorrect data of infotype 0000 and 0001
    Symptom
    When you carry out a reprot which is based on logical database PNPCE, errors occur during the processing of infotypes 0000 and 0001.
    Other terms
    PNPCE, AS PERSON, P0000, P0001, data selection period, person selection period, CHECK_IT_0000_DATA_RESTRICTED, CHECK_IT_0001_DATA_RESTRICTED
    Reason and Prerequisites
    You start a report which is based on logical database PNPCE. In the report, infotype 0000 or 0001 is processed (that is, it was declared via the INFOTYPES statement). At event 'GET GROUP' or 'GET PERAS', the system either returns too few data records in the infotype tables or it returns data records twice.
    The error (missing data records) has only occured since the implementation of Note 687004 or the import of Support Package SAPKE47028.
    Solution
    Implement the attached corrections. or import the corresponding Support Package.
    Thanks
    Saquib Khan

    Hi Saquib,
       Recently i am facing the same issue can u pls do reply how you have overcome this issue..The data is not getting picked up at the right time it is lately picked up by the program . Earlier it was PNP and it has been changed to PNPCE also we had implemented OSS Note 687004 and the later's Notes  were also implemented but still now we are unable to track down why there is delay in picking up the records this has been happening for the past 8-10 Months(i m not sure far more before). I am finding 2 main issues,
    1. we are using GET peras in PNPCE and no other event after that may be this is not fetching all the data because my selection screen does contain PERSONID where i suppose there should be GET PERSON event to define it
    2. RP_READ_INFOTYPE macro while using for P0000 ,, the code in the macro is such that it fetches using P0001 also ...I suppose if there are any inconsistency between IT0 and IT1 then this might one to take care ...
    kindly let me know how you have approached to resolve this issue.

  • How we create abap query

    how we create abap query can any1 tell me?

    Reporting tool :Standard reports
    Purpose :Provide solutions for your most frequent reporting requirements
    Advantages :Can be used immediately
    No developments required
    Limitations :Limited flexibility
    Output fields cannot be selected as required
    HIS
    Purpose :Hierarchies are displayed as graphics
    Reports are executed using selected structures or substructures, that is, using preselected sets of objects
    Advantages :User-friendly method of displaying hierarchical structures
    Integration with InfoSet Query and standard reports
    No need to switch from one HR application to another if you want to execute reports from different applications
    Little training required
    Limitations : Limited flexibility
    Tool is used to execute standard reports and customer reports
    It cannot be used to create reports
    InfoSet Query
    Purpose :Intuitive, general SAP reporting tool used to create customer reports
    Enables you to create reports for all areas of HR
    When InfoSet Query is accessed from Human Resources (HR), the Query area and User group parameters already contain values and you can only perform ad hoc reporting. If InfoSet Query is accessed this way, it is called Ad Hoc Query in HR (see HR in InfoSet Query).
    Advantages :User-friendly interface
    Very easy to use
    No programming required
    If integrated with SAP Query, you can continue processing queries using SAP Query
    Set operations enable you to create sets of objects as required for which data must be output
    Can be included in roles using a suitable InfoSet
    Limitations :InfoSets and user groups must be defined in SAP Query before you can use InfoSet Query
    Multiline lists cannot be displayed
    SAP Query
    Purpose :General SAP reporting tool used to create customer reports
    Individual definition of user groups, InfoSets, and queries
    Advantages :Extremely flexible
    No programming required
    Queries can be provided in the SAP Easy Access menu
    Includes numerous options for aggregating data, performing calculations, and displaying graphics
    Enables you to display multiline lists
    Enables you to define one basic list and several statistics and ranked lists for each query
    Limitations :Restricted to data from the R/3 System
    Each HR query can process data from just one HR logical database:
    PNP: Administration, Time Management, and Payroll
    PCH: Generally for all areas, but particularly suitable for reporting on data from Personnel Planning
    PAP: Recruitment
    Requires much more training than other options
    Limitations:Data is extracted from OLTP systems, that is, real-time data is not accessed
    Business Information Warehouse
    Purpose :Analytical reporting tool used for information and decision-making purposes
    Advantages : Extremely flexible
    Facilitates complex calculations (calculation of averages, time series comparisons)
    Enables you to access non-SAP data
    Easy to use
    Uses OLAP technology
    Includes detailed Business Content (HR extractors, InfoCubes, key figures, and standard queries
    i think it is adhoc query not abap query

  • Use of Logical database in ABAP Queries

    hi,
    Can anybody tell me when/why do we use logical database in Infosets for ABAP Query?
    Regards,
    Divya

    hi,
    pros: -you need not to define so many own tables, fields and additional codings in your info set
    cons: - performance in huge DB's
    A.
    Message was edited by: Andreas Mann

  • Creation of local field in ABAP Query

    Hi
    Please let me know how to create a local field in ABAP query. I am finding the option inactive in SQ01.
    Regards
    Priyadarshini

    hi priya,
         *__Adding u201CLocal Fieldu201D (user defined field) in SAP Query_ :
    There is also facility to add the user defined fields in SAP query output. Also we can provide calculation formula for calculating values for this user defined field.
    Calculation formula consists of standard fields from standard SAP tables. So the values fetched for particular standard SAP fields from standard SAP tables get calculated as per the calculation formula defined for the user defined field and displays the value accordingly.
    To do this first go to change mode for Query which automatically takes you to screen shown below and click on icon   , as below :
    Then further screen will appears. So select the Field group and again click on the same icon button   .
    Then switch on the Short names for the fields and give the short names to fields which we need to use in Calculation formula.
    Give the short names and then created u201CLocal Fieldu201D, as shown in below screen shot. Also Short names are given to fields, which can be used further for calculation.
    Defining Local Field u201CREM_QTYu201D along with its field type and Calculation formula.
      In this case we have 
      defined field type for new  
      field as similar to
      ORD_QTY and
      Calculation formula is  
      defined.
    Also its possible to have Conditional logic for Local field by putting Condition in u201CConditionu201D line.
    Now activate this newly added Local field for coming it in output screen. To do the same again go to u201CBasic Listu201D and activate the Local Field as shown below :
    i think this will help u
    regards,
    sindhu.

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