Real time questions

HI,
can anybody send real time question in sap hr module.please help me out from this issue
thanks
venkat

Hi Mareddy,
1.     Where will you give authorizations for a T-code to a particular user?
2.     What are the Structural authorizations?
3.     What is a time management status infotype?
4.     Where will you record Times?
5.     What are the pay revisions?
6.     What are evaluation classes for?
7.     What is the table for processing and evaluation classes?
8.     What is the T-code for
9.     What is the control record for a payroll to be run for 01.01.2007?
10.     How do you pay revisions and in which infotype?
11.     What are the
12.     What is the time status for Positive time recording and negative time recording?
13.     What do you mean by Model wage types?
14.     Who will assign symbolic accounts and who will define?
15.     Where will the symbolic accounts related to FI? G/L Accounts.
16.     What is the Integration between PA & Recruitment? What about PRELI.
1.     What is an Organization structure contains.
Enterprise structure
Personal Structure
Org. Assignment
2.     What is the Enterprise structure consists of?
3.     What is the personnel structure consists of?
4.     What is the Org Assignment structure consists of?
5.     What is a reporting structure?
6.     What is a relationship and how many types are there?
7.     Can one person will be assigned to different positions or one single position can be assigned to different persons.
8.     How do you integrate between OM and PA?
9.     Where will you assign if the position would be defaulted with Emp Grp and Sub grp?
10.     What is the highest hierarchy in the Structural Graphics?
11.     What are the plan versions used for?
12.     Where will you do the Cost center assignment?
13.     Position inherits the task of which object
14.     What is the relationship between a job and position in OM.
15.     How do you define Task?
16.     What do you mean by Work Center?
12 How to know the user authorizations
T.code SUIM can help u to knw the authorizations of the users.
13 Position inherits the task of which object
13. Position inherits the task of the Job for which the position is created.
14 How do you transfer data from PA to PD?
14. RHINTE00 is the report used to transfer data from PA to PD.
*PLOGI QUALI is the switch it will integrate the PA and PD
15 RHINT30 Used for what?
15. RHINTE30 is used to update IT0001 in PA (batch input) of the specified Personnel numbers. The Org. Asgmnt created for these numbers in PD is transferred to IT0001.
16 Feature PACTV performs
16. PACTV this feature tells about an applicant what is his/her current status wheather hiring, rejected. *Parameter settings for applicant activity types
17 What is the use of Feature NUMKER?
17. Feature NUMKR is to assign Personnel number range to a Company code or Personnel area. T.code PA04 is for tht feature. It holds the interval range, the interval status (latest number assigned). *It is used for the internal number assignmebt
18 What is the use of control record
18. Payroll Control record a) defines payroll past for retroactive accounting recognition, b) locks the master data & time data during the payroll process (payroll past & present), c) defines earliest possible retroactive date, d) no. of times the payroll has been run for tht payroll area.
19 Are you able to perform more than one action in the same day?
19. Yes u can perform two actions on the same day except the Hiring action and the Separation action.
Yes but it should not affect the employment status
20 Whether System will allow the Hire and Terminate actions on the same day?
21 While performing the hire action, Customer don't want to go further with out entering
System will not accept the hire and terminate on the same day
22 the data into the Infotype i.e few Infotype data's are mandatory .how to proceed?
23 What is the functionality of time constraints?
23. Time constraints are assigned to the Infotypes in order to avoid collision between two Infotype records.
TC 0 - Max. of one It record of same type, for same object & for same period of time
TC 1 - IT records available at all times. No time gaps allowed. No overlapping records
TC 2 - Only one record at any one time. Time gaps may exist.
TC 3 - Multiple records may exist at one time.
Time Constraints will reduce the duplication of data
example if the time constraint is one it is mandatory
tcc 2 unique and mandatory
tcc3 gaps and allowed
24 Customer doesn't want to give display authorization for few fields in the infotypes. How to resolve this issue.
Some fields in an Infotype screen can be Hidden by Screen Modification through the table T588M
25 To implement SAP Payroll what are the mandatory modules for HR
25. The mandatory modules are PA & Time.
25. OM, PA, Recruitment, & Time Management
26 What is the difference between Master data and transactional data.
26. Master Data is the data that remains unchanged for a long period of time.
Ex. Employees Personal details etc.
Transactional data is the data pertaining to day to day transactions with keeps changing
Ex. Time data,
27 Employee able to hold two personnel numbers
27.Employee can hold two personnel nos.Such a case arises in CONCURRENT EMPLOYMENT.
Yes one number will be reference personnel number
28 How to access HRP1000 table
28. HRP1000 can be accessed through Transaction Code :SE16.
29 What are the different types of holidays?
29. Holidays can be classified into Mainly Fixed, & Movable
30 How to find a bug in a report
31 What is personnel calendar?
31. Personnel Calender is in which it tells information of employee's about his Location, Position, department, Shift, absence & attendence, Payroll.
32 What are the types of break schedules?
32. Break Schedules are Paid & Unpaid, & Dynamic Breaks.
fixed breaks
variable break
etc
33 Customer required a variant for monthly WS generation with Thursday half day
33. Regarding Halfday on thrusday You need to create a variant and assign it to your Selection rule.
34 Holiday and Friday & Saturday's are weekly off.
34. Question I could not understand you mean weekly Off on Fridays & Saturdays then you need to mention it in your Period Work Schedule.
35 Define day types
35. Day Types is an indicator that a certain calender day is payment relavent that is paid or not.
36 To generate a work schedule what are the parameters required.
36. Holidays, Holiday Calender, Factory Calender, PS Grouping, Break Schedules, Daily Work Schedules, Period Work Schedules, & Work Schedule Rule & SCHKZ feature
37 What is the use of a counting rule?
37. Counting Rule is used to determine the payroll days & Hrs for the Attendence & Absence & to count the exact time.
they count the payroll days and hours
38 Define base & accrual entitlements?
39 How to generate Absence Quotas?
40 What is the relationship between a job and position ii OM
40. Relation between a Job & a position is that a Position automatically inherits the characteristics & task assigned to that job
41 What are the Characteristics of a wage type?
42 What is the advantage of a schema?
43 What is the use of QUOMO44 What is the procedure to develop a new report?
45 What is the use of structural authorizations?
46 Differentiate between cluster table and internal table
47 Module pool programming
48 How to transport a variant for a report to production System
49 What are the activities needs to be completed before transferring the applicantdata to Personnel administration
49. Following are the activities that are need to be performed before transferring the applicant data to PA
--> Initial Entry of Basic Data
--> Prepare for Hiring
50 What do you know about the R/3 architecture?
50.R/3 architecture is a three tier Architecture where
51 Define personnel Area & Personnel Subarea
51.Personnel Area: Personnel Area represents Sub division of a company code.
Company Code :Four character code to identify the company
For ex. Let ABCD be a compny code.
This company has its branches in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi , wherein Mumbai, chennai, delhi forms the Personnel Areas for ABCD. Personnel Area is also identified by a four character code.
Personnel Sub Area: Sub-division of Personnel Areas.Identified with a Four character code.
52 Give some examples for Employee subgroup
52.Example for Employee Subgroup
>Salaried Employees
>Hourly Paid Employees
>Trainee
52. Example of Employee Sub Groups are Salaried, Pensioner, Retainer....etc
53 what is retroactive accounting
53.Retroactive Accounting :
Retroactive accounting is triggered during the payroll run for the current period if the certain master and time data affecting the payroll past has been changed in the meantime. Only changes to master and time data are relevant for retroactive accounting, since previous payroll results must be corrected.
54 When you perform a Off-cycle payroll
54. Off cycle is performed when you give any advance to your employee like Bonus,
55 What is the significance of DME
56 How to create a work schedule for a part time employee
56. Whether the employee is Part timer or Full Timer the same way components will taken into consideration for creation of Work Schedule.
57 How to transfer employee salary from HR to FI
57. You mean transfer of employee from HR dept to FI dept then you need to move the position. Select the position and click on F5 and again click on F5 it will ask you to which department the position to be moved and select the appropriate dept and save it.
58 If you want to rerun the payroll for a specific employee what is the procedure
59 Define processing class, evaluation class & Cumulation classes
60 How you calculate the overtime
61 how to calculate transport allowance for employees who has worked as per workschedule & who took few leaves ( employer don't want to pay transport allowancewhere the employee was absent)
62 Difference between positive and negative time
62.Positive Time is Calculating Actual Working Times. Negative Time is calculation of Deviations in the actual working time.
63 Mention the processing types in Time evaluation
64 Give brief information about time wage types & balance reflects into cluster tables
65 Where you will find error messages
65. T.Code is SM21
1 In IMG, activities for which SAP cannot deliver default settings?
2 At what level the regulation of employees are defined in SAP?
3 To integrate the PA and OM we use a switch, specify?
4 In which feature T-Code's are maintained?
5  What is the use of a feature? A feature can be used to determine the default values & the screen sequence when HR Master Data is maintained in the Infotypes.
6 The employee subgroup grouping for CAP allows you to assign different
employees to different
7 Employee subgroup grouping for PCR is done to
8  In which feature, default wage type is defined for Basic Pay Infotype
9 The wage type that starts with'/' is known as
10  Permissible check for wage type is performed for each
11 In SAP one can control the initiation of actions when maintaining an  infotype by
12 How to know the user authorizations
13  Position inherits the task of which object
14 How do you transfer data from PA to PD?
15 RHINT30 Used for what?
16 Feature PACTV performs
17  What is the use of Feature NUMKER?
18 What is the use of control record
19 Are you able to perform more than one action in the same day?
20 Whether System will allow the Hire and Terminate actions on the same day?
21  While performing the hire action, Customer don't want to go further with out entering
22 the data into the Infotype i.e  few Infotype data's are mandatory .how to proceed?
23  What is the functionality of time constraints?
24 Customer doesn't want to give display authorization for few fields in the infotypes.
How to resolve this issue.
25  To implement SAP Payroll what are the mandatory modules for HR
26 What is the difference between Master data and transactional data.
27  Employee able to hold two personnel numbers?
28  How to access HRP1000 table
29 What are the different types of holidays?
30  How to find a bug in a report
31 What is personnel calendar?
32 What are the types of break schedules?
33 Customer required a variant for monthly WS generation with Thursday half day
34  Holiday and Friday & Saturday's are weekly off.
35  Define day types
36 To generate a work schedule what are the parameters required.
37 What is the use of a counting rule?
38 Define base & accrual entitlements?
39  How to generate Absence Quotas?
40 What is the relationship between a job and position ii OM
41 What are the Characteristics of a wage type?
42 What is the advantage of a schema?
43  What is the use of QUOMO
44  What is the procedure to develop a new report?
45 What is the use of structural authorizations?
46  Differentiate between cluster table and internal table
47  Module pool programming
48 How to transport a variant for a report to production System
49  What are the activities needs to be completed before transferring the applicant
data to  Personnel administration
50 What do you know about the R/3 architecture?
51 Define personnel Area & Personnel Subarea
52 Give some examples for Employee subgroup
53  what is retroactive accounting
54 When you perform a Off-cycle payroll
55  What is the significance of DME
56 How to create a work schedule for a part time employee
57 How to transfer employee salary from HR to FI
58 If you want to rerun the payroll for a specific employee what is the procedure
59  Define processing class, evaluation class & Cumulation classes
60 How you calculate the overtime
61  how to calculate transport allowance for employees who has worked as per work
schedule & who took few leaves ( employer don't want to pay transport allowance
where the employee was absent)
62  Difference between positive and negative time
63 Mention the processing types in Time evaluation
64 Give brief information about time wage types & balance reflects into cluster tables
65 Where you will find error messages
66  what are the infotypes  data involved in Time evaluation
67 Time events & Time pairs are stored in which tables
68  How to valuate the time wage types
69  Derive the wage type with 50% & 25%
70  How to change the employee basic pay from wage type MM20 to 5231
71  What is the use of counting classes?
72  What is the use of Day Rules?
73 W hat are the partial period factors
74  In which tables Payroll constant will be stored & through which T-Code you are
able to view the records.
75  Write the formula for partial period factor for /802
76 What is the use of factoring in Payroll.
77  Are you able to run a payroll for ex-employee?
78 What do you know about Averages in payroll?
79 Through which T-Code you are able to create a remuneration statement
80  Explain bank transfers & Check processing
81  What are the time recording methods.
82  How to implement a decentralized scenario into an organization
83  How to get the master data from SAP to SAP & Non-sap
84 Qualification catalog consists of which objects
85  What is the key feature for IT0003 which is maintained by system automatically?
86  How to hold two different bank accounts foe an individual employee to distribute salary
87 What are the key aspects defined for dynamic actions
88 Employee subgroups are used in Time to control what
89 What is the purpose of assigning a Daily Work Schedule class
90  How is a day type determined in a day type rule.
91 What is the use of a Quota multiplier in a Counting rule.
92  What are the methods by which Quota can be accrued.
93 When do you use a reduction rule for an absence quota.
94 Elements of enterprise structure are
95  What type of information payroll accounting area provides the payroll driver
96   Infotypes are logical groups of
97 Work Schedule is generated from
98 Which infotypes act as a payroll administration for the individual employee
99 What are the applicant activities?
100  Explain ASAP methodology
101 What are the logical databases belongs to HR module.
102 What are the modules for wage type characteristics (indirect valuation)
New set of question taken from internet..
1. SAP Overview
1. Explain the structure of the client/server framework.
2. Project Implementation Tools 1. What is the IMG?
2. What is a project IMG?
3. Basics of Human Resources 1. What are the most important processes supported in Human Resources (HR)?
2. What are the most important structures in HR?
3. What is meant by Employee Self-Service?
4. What ways are there to select an Infotype?
5. How do you hire a new employee?
6. Which steps make up the payroll process?
7. Why is there a cross-application time sheet? What are the possible target components?
8. What is the purpose of time evaluation?
9. Which reporting tools do you know of?
10. How is the recruitment component integrated with the other HR components?
11. What is an applicant action?
12. What is the difference between qualifications and requirements?
13. What is the difference between career planning and succession planning? What is a development plan?
14. Describe the day-to-day activities in Training and Event Management.
15. What is the appraisal system component used for?
16. What are the main functions of Compensation Management?
17. What personnel cost planning methods are there in SAP HR?
18. Which Infotypes do you need to implement Travel Management?
4. Organizational Management
1. What are plan versions used for?
2. What are the basic object types?
3. What is the difference between a job and a position?
4. What is the difference between an organizational unit and a work center?
5. Where can you maintain relationships between objects?
6. What are the main areas of the Organization and Staffing user interfaces?
7. What is Expert Mode used for?
8. Can you create cost centers in Expert Mode?
9. Can you assign people to jobs in Expert Mode?
10. Can you use the organizational structure to create a matrix organization?
11. In general structure maintenance, is it possible to represent the legal entity of organizational units?
12. What is the Object Infotype (1000) used for?
13. What is the Relationships Infotype (1001) used for?
14. Which status can Infotypes in the Organizational Management component have?
15. What is an evaluation path?
16. What is Managers Desktop used for?
17. Is it possible to set up new evaluation paths in Customizing?
18. Which situations require new evaluation paths?
19. How do you set up integration between Personnel Administration and Organizational Management?
5. Master Data 1. Which elements make up the enterprise structure?
2. Which elements make up the personnel structure?
3. Which elements make up the organizational structure?
4. Which criteria play a role in establishing these structures?
5. Which control features are controlled using the personnel subarea?
6. Which control features are controlled using the employee subgroup?
7. What is a payroll area?
8. What is an Infotype?
9. Which criteria determine payroll areas?
10. What is the organizational key used for?
11. In which Infotype are administrators defined?
12. Why are administrators defined?
13. What can features be used for?
14. What is the connection between Planned Working Time (Infotype 7) and Basic Pay (Infotype 8)?
15. Which ways are there to define default values for the pay scale area and pay scale type?
16. What is the employee subgroup grouping for collective agreement provisions used for?
17. Where are pay scale groups and pay scale levels defined?
18. How are wage types created in the SAP R/3 system?
19. Can all wage types be entered into all Infotypes?
20. What does the input permissibility of a wage type depend upon?
21. What is the personnel subarea grouping for primary wage types used for?
22. What is the employee subgroup grouping for primary wage types used for?
23. What ways are there to valuate wage types? Where are wage type valuations defined?
24. How can you evaluate wage types indirectly?
25. How can you define default wage types for the Basic Pay Infotype?
26. What ways are there to perform pay scale reassignments?
27. What ways are there to perform standard pay increases?
28. What is the difference between the simple and extended pay increases?
29. Can several personnel actions be performed on the same day?
30. What is the Additional Actions Infotype used for?
31. If an employee leaves the enterprise, are all Infotypes delimited?
32. Which control options do you have for Customizing when configuring Infotypes?
33. Can a screen in HR data consist of several Infotypes?
34. Which ways are there to modify screens in Customizing?
35. What is an Infotype menu and what is its purpose?
36. What is an info group? What is a personnel action?
37. How can a personnel action change the status feature of an employee in Infotype 0000?
38. How are personnel actions and dynamic actions linked?
6. Authorizations 1. What is a role and what is it made up of?
2. How are the authorizations in a role maintained?
3. Are authorization objects or profiles assigned to users?
4. Which authorization object can you use to control an employee?s access to his or her own personal data?
5. What are the main advantages of the Profile Generator?
6. Can roles and their authorization profiles be assigned to a user for a limited time period?
7. How do you create structural profiles?
7. Payroll 1. How does the system know when to trigger retroactive accounting for a particular employee?
2. How is the earliest retroactive accounting date determined for an employee?
3. What is the payroll control record used for?
4. Is the exact date of the payroll period for an employee determined by the payroll area or the payroll control record?
5. What activities are possible when the payroll control record is set to ?Released for Payroll??
6. Is it possible to branch directly from the payroll log to master data and time data maintenance?
7. What is Matchcode W used for?
8. What effect does grouping employee subgroups have on personnel calculation rules?
9. Can you evaluate payroll results using SAP Query/Ad Hoc Query?
10. What steps are required to post payroll results to Accounting?
11. Can a posting run be deleted?
12. Where do you specify whether an employee is paid in cash or whether the money is transferred to a bank account?
8. Time Data 1. What are the basic concepts for recording time data?
2. What steps are required to set up work schedules?
3. Can you define your own public holidays?
4. How do you define which public holiday calendar is valid for an employee?
5. Which characteristics does a public holiday class blank have?
6. Is there an employee subgroup grouping for daily work schedules?
7. What is a variant of a daily work schedule?
8. Is there an employee subgroup grouping for time quotas?
9. What ways are there to define breaks within a break schedule?
10. Which characteristics does a daily work schedule with daily work schedule class 1 have?
11. Which elements make up a period work schedule?
12. Which characteristic does a day with day type 1 have?
13. Which ways are there of representing part-time work in the SAP R/3 system?
14. Which ways are there of representing substitutions in the SAP R/3 system?
15. What is the difference between absences (Infotype 2001) and attendances (Infotype 2002)?
16. What is an absence quota? Give examples.
17. What is the difference between a validity interval and a deduction interval for time quotas?
18. You need to deduct an absence from a quota. Which Customizing settings are required?
19. Should a quota be assigned directly to an absence?
20. What is the remuneration Infotype used for?
21. What are counting rules used for?
22. Can you set up default values to create absence quotas?
23. Can you generate absence quotas?
24. What is the schema TQTA used for?
25. What ways are there of entering information for Controlling when recording time data in the Time Management Infotypes?
9. Reporting in Human Resources Management
1. Which reporting tools are available in Human Resources Management?
2. Is the Business Information Warehouse part of the SAP R/3 system?
3. What is HIS?
4. Where do you find standard reports in HR?
5. Can you also evaluate cross-client data with standard reports?
6. Can customer-specific reports be incorporated in the Managers Desktop?
7. What is a logical database used for?
8. Which logical databases exist in HR?
9. What is a user group, what is an infoset and how are the two related?
10. What is a field group? Give examples from HR.
11. What are selection and output fields?
12. What can an Ad Hoc Query be used for?
13. What are the steps for configuring an SAP Query?
14. What are payroll Infotypes used for?
Reward if helpful..
Cheers
JS

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         RP-PROVIDE-FROM-LAST P0005 SPACE PN/BEGDA PN/ENDDA.
         DO 6 TIMES VARYING VACATION
                 FROM P0005-UAR01 "Starting point
                     NEXT P0005-UAR02. "Increment
                 If p0005-xyz then ... endif.
          ENDDO.
    Processing 'Time Data'.
    · Dependence of time data on validity period
    · Importing time data
    · Processing time data using internal tables
    Time Data and Validity Period
    · Time data always applies to a specific validity period.
    · The validity periods of different types of time data are not always the same as the date selection period specified in the selection screen.
    Date selection period |----
    |
    Leave |----
    |
    · PROVIDE in this case is therefore not used for time infotypes.
    Importing Time Data
    · GET PERNR reads all time infotypes from the lowest to highest system data, not only those within the date selection period.
    · To prevent memory overload, add MODE N to the infotype declaration. This prevents the logical database from importing all data into infotype tables at GET PERNR.
    · Use macro RP-READ-ALL-TIME-ITY to fill infotype table.
    INFOTYPES: 2001 MODE N.
    GET PERNR.
        RP-READ-ALL-TIME-ITY PN/BEGDA PN/ENDDA.
        LOOP AT P0021.
             If P0021-XYZ = ' '. A=B. Endif.
        ENDLOOP.
    Processing Time Data
    · Once data is imported into infotype tables, you can use an internal table to process the interested data.
    DATA: BEGIN OF ITAB OCCURS 0,
                  BUKRS LIKE P0001-BUKRS, "COMPANY
                  WERKS LIKE P0001-WERKS, "PERSONNEL AREA
                  AWART LIKE P2001-AWART, "ABS./ATTEND. TYPE
                  ASWTG LIKE P2001-ASWTG, "ABS./ATTEND. DAYS
               END OF ITAB.
    GET PERNR.
    RP-PROVIDE-FROM-LAST P0001 SAPCE PN/BEGDA PN/ENDDA.
    CLEAR ITAB.
    ITAB-BUKRS = P0001-BURKS. ITAB-WERKS = P0001-WERKS.
    RP-READ-ALL-TIME-ITY PN/BEGDA PN/ENDDA.
    LOOP AT P2001.
          ITAB-AWART = P2001-AWART. ITAB-ASWTG = P2001-ASWTG.
          COLLECT ITAB. (OR: APPEND ITAB.)
    ENDLOOP.
    Database Tables in HR
    ·  Personnel Administration (PA) - master and time data infotype tables (transparent tables).
       PAnnnn: e.g. PA0001 for infotype 0001
    ·  Personnel Development (PD) - Org Unit, Job, Position, etc. (transparent tables).
       HRPnnnn: e.g. HRP1000 for infotype 1000
    ·  Time/Travel expense/Payroll/Applicant Tracking data/HR work areas/Documents (cluster  
       PCLn: e.g. PCL2 for time/payroll results.
    Cluster Table
    · Cluster tables combine the data from several tables with identical (or almost identical) keys
      into one physical record on the database.
    . Data is written to a database in compressed form.
    · Retrieval of data is very fast if the primary key is known.
    · Cluster tables are defined in the data dictionary as transparent tables.
    · External programs can NOT interpret the data in a cluster table.
    · Special language elements EXPORT TO DATABASE, IMPORT TO DATABASE and DELETE
      FROM DATABASE are used to process data in the cluster tables.
    PCL1 - Database for HR work area;
    PCL2 - Accounting Results (time, travel expense and payroll);
    PCL3 - Applicant tracking data;
    PCL4 - Documents, Payroll year-end Tax data
    Database Tables PCLn
    · PCLn database tables are divided into subareas known as data clusters.
    · Data Clusters are identified by a two-character code. e.g RU for US payroll result, B2 for
      time evaluation result...
    · Each HR subarea has its own cluster.
    · Each subarea has its own key.
    Database Table PCL1
    · The database table PCL1 contains the following data areas:
      B1 time events/PDC
      G1 group incentive wages
      L1 individual incentive wages
      PC personal calendar
      TE travel expenses/payroll results
      TS travel expenses/master data
      TX infotype texts
      ZI PDC interface -> cost account
    Database Table PCL2
    · The database table PCL2 contains the following data areas:
      B2 time accounting results
      CD cluster directory of the CD manager
      PS generated schemas
      PT texts for generated schemas
      RX payroll accounting results/international
      Rn payroll accounting results/country-specific ( n = HR country indicator )
      ZL personal work schedule
    Database Table PCL3
    · The database table PCL3 contains the following data areas:
      AP action log / time schedule
      TY texts for applicant data infotypes
    Data Management of PCLn
    · The ABAP commands IMPORT and EXPORT are used for management of read/write to
      database tables PCLn.
    · A unique key has to be used when reading data from or writing data to the PCLn.
      Field Name KEY Length Text
      MANDT X 3 Client
      RELID X 2 Relation ID (RU,B2..)
      SRTFD X 40 Work Area Key
      SRTF2 X 4 Sort key for dup. key
    Cluster Definition
    · The data definition of a work area for PCLn is specified in separate programs which comply  
       with fixed naming conventions.
    · They are defined as INCLUDE programs (RPCnxxy0). The following naming convention applies:
       n = 1 or 2 (PCL1 or PCL2)
       xx = Relation ID (e.g. RX)
       y = 0 for international clusters or country indicator (T500L) for different country cluster
    Exporting Data (I)
    · The EXPORT command causes one or more 'xy' KEY data objects to be written to cluster xy.
    · The cluster definition is integrated with the INCLUDE statement.
    REPORT ZHREXPRT.
    TABLES: PCLn.
    INCLUDE: RPCnxxy0. "Cluster definition
    Fill cluster KEY
    xy-key-field = .
    Fill data object
    Export record
    EXPORT TABLE1 TO DATABASE PCLn(xy) ID xy-KEY.
       IF SY-SUBRC EQ 0.
           WRITE: / 'Update successful'.
       ENDIF.
    Exporting Data (II)
    . Export data using macro RP-EXP-Cn-xy.
    · When data records are exported using macro, they are not written to the database but to a  
      main memory buffer.
    · To save data, use the PREPARE_UPDATE routine with the USING parameter 'V'.
    REPORT ZHREXPRT.
    *Buffer definition
    INCLUDE RPPPXD00. INCLUDE RPPPXM00. "Buffer management
    DATA: BEGIN OF COMMON PART 'BUFFER'.
    INCLUDE RPPPXD10.
    DATA: END OF COMMON PART 'BUFFER'.
    RP-EXP-Cn-xy.
    IF SY-SUBRC EQ 0.
        PERFORM PREPARE_UPDATE USING 'V'..
    ENDIF.
    Importing Data (I)
    · The IMPORT command causes data objects with the specified key values to be read from
       PCLn.
    · If the import is successful, SY-SUBRC is 0; if not, it is 4.
    REPORT RPIMPORT.
    TABLES: PCLn.
    INCLUDE RPCnxxy0. "Cluster definition
    Fill cluster Key
    Import record
    IMPORT TABLE1 FROM DATABASE PCLn(xy) ID xy-KEY.
       IF SY-SUBRC EQ 0.
    Display data object
       ENDIF.
    Importing data (II)
    · Import data using macro RP-IMP-Cn-xy.
    · Check return code SY-SUBRC. If 0, it is successful. If 4, error.
    · Need include buffer management routines RPPPXM00
    REPORT RPIMPORT.
    *Buffer definition
    INCLUDE RPPPXD00.
    DATA: BEGIN OF COMMON PART 'BUFFER'.
    INCLUDE RPPPXD10.
    DATA: END OF COMMON PART 'BUFFER'.
    *import data to buffer
    RP-IMP-Cn-xy.
    *Buffer management routines
    INCLUDE RPPPXM00.
    Cluster Authorization
    · Simple EXPORT/IMPORT statement does not check for cluster authorization.
    · Use EXPORT/IMPORT via buffer, the buffer management routines check for cluster
      authorization.
    Payroll Results (I)
    · Payroll results are stored in cluster Rn of PCL2 as field string and internal tables.
      n - country identifier.
    · Standard reports read the results from cluster Rn. Report RPCLSTRn lists all payroll results;
      report RPCEDTn0 lists the results on a payroll form.
    Payroll Results (II)
    · The cluster definition of payroll results is stored in two INLCUDE reports:
      include: rpc2rx09. "Definition Cluster Ru (I)
      include: rpc2ruu0. "Definition Cluster Ru (II)
    The first INCLUDE defines the country-independent part; The second INCLUDE defines the country-specific part (US).
    · The cluster key is stored in the field string RX-KEY.
    Payroll Results (III)
    · All the field string and internal tables stored in PCL2 are defined in the ABAP/4 dictionary. This
      allows you to use the same structures in different definitions and nonetheless maintain data
      consistency.
    · The structures for cluster definition comply with the name convention PCnnn. Unfortunately, 
       'nnn' can be any set of alphanumeric characters.
    *Key definition
    DATA: BEGIN OF RX-KEY.
         INCLUDE STRUCTURE PC200.
    DATA: END OF RX-KEY.
    *Payroll directory
    DATA: BEGIN OF RGDIR OCCURS 100.
         INCLUDE STRUCTURE PC261.
    DATA: END OF RGDIR.
    Payroll Cluster Directory
    · To read payroll results, you need two keys: pernr and seqno
    . You can get SEQNO by importing the cluster directory (CD) first.
    REPORT ZHRIMPRT.
    TABLES: PERNR, PCL1, PCL2.
    INLCUDE: rpc2cd09. "definition cluster CD
    PARAMETERS: PERSON LIKE PERNR-PERNR.
    RP-INIT-BUFFER.
    *Import cluster Directory
       CD-KEY-PERNR = PERNR-PERNR.
    RP-IMP-C2-CU.
       CHECK SY-SUBRC = 0.
    LOOP AT RGDIR.
       RX-KEY-PERNR = PERSON.
       UNPACK RGDIR-SEQNR TO RX-KEY-SEQNO.
       *Import data from PCL2
       RP-IMP-C2-RU.
       INLCUDE: RPPPXM00. "PCL1/PCL2 BUFFER HANDLING
    Function Module (I)
      CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS
    · After importing the payroll directory, which record to read is up to the programmer.
    · Each payroll result has a status.
      'P' - previous result
      'A' - current (actual) result
      'O' - old result
    · Function module CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS will restore the payroll result status for a period
       when that payroll is initially run. It also will select all the relevant periods to be evaluated.
    Function Module (II)
    CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS
    call function 'CD_EVALUATION_PERIODS'
         exporting
              bonus_date = ref_periods-bondt
              inper_modif = pn-permo
              inper = ref_periods-inper
              pay_type = ref_periods-payty
              pay_ident = ref_periods-payid
         tables
              rgdir = rgdir
              evpdir = evp
              iabkrs = pnpabkrs
         exceptions
              no_record_found = 1.
    Authorization Check
       Authorization for Persons
    ·  In the authorization check for persons, the system determines whether the user has the 
       authorizations required for the organizational features of the employees selected with
       GET PERNR.
    ·  Employees for which the user has no authorization are skipped and appear in a list at the end
       of the report.
    ·  Authorization object: 'HR: Master data'
    Authorization for Data
    · In the authorization check for data, the system determines whether the user is authorized to
      read the infotypes specified in the report.
    · If the authorization for a particular infotype is missing, the evaluation is terminated and an error
      message is displayed.
    Deactivating the Authorization Check
    · In certain reports, it may be useful to deactivate the authorization check in order to improve
      performance. (e.g. when running payroll)
    · You can store this information in the object 'HR: Reporting'.
    these are the main areas they ask q?

  • Need SAP-HR Module wise Blue prints and Real time questions

    Hi HR Team,
                    can u send me the OM issues and real time questions and any HR module Questions and Blue prints .pls if useful awarded points
    my mail id is [email protected]

    Hi HR Team,
                    can u send me the OM issues and real time questions and any HR module Questions and Blue prints .pls if useful awarded points
    my mail id is [email protected]

  • Somer real time questions

    hi experts,
    1. how to call 2 transactions in same BDC program at a time, like 'mk01' and 'va01'.
    2. what is the transaction to create barcode.
    3. how to debug a smartform.
    4. in which table session are stored.
    ALSO CAN ANY ONE SEND ME SOME REAL TIME QUESTIONS ASKED IN INTERVIEW
    thankx

    2a.) SE73 is the transaction to create barcodes..
    se73 --> System Barcodes --> create ur new barcode
    then go to t-code: SMARTSTYLES there u have to create characterformat for the barcode u have created.
    and use this characterformat in smartforms or sapscripts editor ...
    3a.) Use breakpoint in program or i think with /h it activates the debugging of smartform or sapscript.
    4a.) in table APQI all session records r stored.
    reward if it helps

  • Hello some real time questions

    Hello guys,
    Can any one help with this question.
    1) Difference between Interactive & Drill down
    repot? What specific statements do you use, when
    writing a drill down report?
    (is both are same or any difference is there)
    2) What transaction do you use for Data Analysis?
    3) When a program is created and need to be
    transported to Production, does selection texts
    always go with it? if not how do you make sure?
    4) Can you make the CTS entries? How do you do it?
    5) What are change header / detail tables? Have
    you used them? ( i dont know what exactly is this?
    and from which topic?)
    6) What is currency factoring technique?
    7) Is it possible to run host command from SAP
    environment? How do you run?
    8) What is the difference in using COMMIT WORK
    within a called transaction & within a called dialog
    module in an existing module?
    9) What is the difference between the report
    status & screen status?
    10) what is the main diff between LSMW & session?
    11) How to introduce authorization objects in
    reports? How can you give authorization?
    12) Diff between BAPI & RFC?
    13) How field properties are set with * for
    password?
    14) How to create our own parameter ID in SE11?
    15) What is a Ztable? How to create it?
    (i think it is user defined table
    and using Domain, Data Element & Table fields we
    can create, if so, why it is to be called as only
    'z' table, when we can careat with 'y')
    <b>SOME REAL TIME QUESTIONS:</b>
    1) How many SAP instances are there in your
    organization?
    2) What SAP version is in use for each instance?
    3)What is the Hot package level for each instance?
    4)What OS is employed per instance?
    5)From where you get the request no?
    Any one Answer this question it will be useful for all.
    Thanks in advance.

    Here are answers to some of your questions. Hopefully this will help you.
    1) Difference between Interactive & Drill down
    repot? What specific statements do you use, when
    writing a drill down report?
    (is both are same or any difference is there)
    --> It's the same. You have events AT PF-STATUS, AT LINE-SELECTION, AT USER-COMMAND which are used to code for Interactive reports. Check this link for more details
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/d3/2e974d35c511d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    2) What transaction do you use for Data Analysis?
    --> What do you exactly mean by data analysis?
    3) When a program is created and need to be
    transported to Production, does selection texts
    always go with it? if not how do you make sure?
    --> Yes, it goes with it.
    5) What are change header / detail tables? Have
    you used them? ( i dont know what exactly is this?
    and from which topic?)
    --> All changes in SAP data are logged in Change Header and Item table. CDHDR and CDPOS are change header and item tables respectively.
    8) What is the difference in using COMMIT WORK
    within a called transaction & within a called dialog
    module in an existing module?
    --> Commit work commits all database changes which occurs before commit statement.
    10) what is the main diff between LSMW & session?
    --> LSMW and session are 2 different ways to update data in SAP database.
    Check this out -
    Session Method
    LSMW
    11) How to introduce authorization objects in
    reports? How can you give authorization?
    Need to add code for the same using Authority check command. Check this thread
    ABAP Development
    13) How field properties are set with * for
    password?
    --> You can modify field properties which displaying data. In this way you can set data to encrypt with 'X'.
    14) How to create our own parameter ID in SE11?
    -> Check out this thread
    ABAP Development
    15) What is a Ztable? How to create it?
    (i think it is user defined table
    and using Domain, Data Element & Table fields we
    can create, if so, why it is to be called as only
    'z' table, when we can careat with 'y')
    --> using transaction code SE11. All custom objects in SAP can start either with Y or with Z.

  • SAP-XI Real time questions

    could you please provide me some real time questions on sap-xi,
    thank you

    1.  What are the Three types of XI Cache?  How are they used?
    2.  Where would you look to find Logical System in the SLD.
    ANS Business system wizard
    3.  What 2 Data Types are automatically created when the Namespace is saved in the Integration Repository?
    ANS. ExchangeFaultdata and Exchange log data.
    4   Which Development Object in SAP XI forms the "ROOT NODE" of an XML document when an XI message is generated?
    ANS MESSAGE TYPE
    5.  Describe the setting to "Permit Importing of SAP IDOCs or BAPI/ RFCs".  Where is this configured?
    ANS.
    6.  What are the valid types of Message Mappings?  Which is configured with the Graphical User Interface and requires no coding?
    ANS. MESSAGE MAPPING, XSLT MAPPING, ABAP MAPPING AND JAVA MAPPING, MESSAGE MAPPING REQUIRES no coding
    7.  What actions should you take if your Business System does not show when attempting to "Transfer from the SLD"?
    8. What is the relationship between Product, Product Version, Software Component and Software Component Version?  Give an example.
    ANS. PRODUCT: Represents a collection of all versions of a product . In SAP environment , a product corresponds to an SAP technical Component, eg 4.6c,4.6d,4.7
    COMPONENT: Represents a collection of all versions of a software components Examples of Software components are SAP_APPL,SAP_ABA,SAP_HR Software
    9.  Describe the Design Repository (DR) objects you created to configure a scenario.
    10.  What are the different design time components used by XI?
    11. What monitoring service does the integration server provide?
    12.  Describe the alert functionality of the runtime workbench.
    ANS Message alerting allows to set conditions for triggering Alerts. This allows notification of the correct parties for a specific classes of  errors.
    13.  In BPM, if you have async-sync bridge, does the QOS change?
    14.  What is logging/ trace? List 4 ways to enable logging/ trace?
    15.  Properties of an async message?
    16   Inbound XI message has problem, where do you look for solution?
    17.  Describe XI message format.
    18.  Describe end-to-end monitoring.  What is it?  How is it configured?  What are the different   views?
    ANS  It is a tool for monitoring end to end technical processes involving multiple components.
    to configure end to end monitoring :1. On initial screen of runtime work bench ,select configuration tab page.
    2.enter the logon data for the monitoring server.
    3.choose display.
    4.system displays the components of the correct domain and the integration server is selected as default.
    5.select the other components that you want to use and configure them as sender or receiver ,or both  depending on the component type.
    6.we can select monitorin level that we want to use for each of the selected component.
    7.Choose save configuration .
              Processes overview and the instance view are the two different views
    19. Different steps to make a Sender IDOC adapter work?
    20. JMS adapter can talk with what type of systems?  Give some examples...
    ANS Messaging systems to the integration engine
    21.What format can JDBC adapter communicate in?  Should you use native SQL?
    ANS. JDBC adapter converts data base content to XML messages and the other way around.
    22.If communications with JDBC using XML format, what are 4 actions you could do?
    ANS. SELECT, INSER, DELETE , UPDATE.
    23.  How does PCK and adapter framework engine differ?
    ANS.
    24.  Can JDBC adapter query DB tables?  Can it insert?
    ANS. Yes
    25.  JMS adapter scenario messaging system provider needs to submit what?
    26.  List some properties of receiving IDOC adapter.
    27.  JDBC/ JMS required certain steps before they can work?
    ANS vender specific JMS driver must be deployed on to the J2EE engine using SDM
            Appropriate JDBC driver must be deployed on the system
    28.  What is ALEAUDIT with respect to IDOCS?  When will they use it?
    29.  Properties of the HTTP adapter, does it use or need a sender or receiver communications channel or agreement?
    30.  What does a RFC adapter support?
    ANS sRFCs and tRFCs
    31.  Is EOIO supported by RFC?
    ANS No
    32.  What are the advantages of using a decentralized adapter engine?
    ANS.
    33.  What are the different monitoring statuses?  Where do you find them?
    ANS  Different monitoring statuses are Message Monitoring, Component monitoring , performance  Analysis and Alerting and we find this in Runtime Workbench.
    34.  What adapters are not in adapter engine? code you can type in,
    ANS HTTP and IDOC adapters are not in adapterengine and we can type code in  IDOC
    A.  Which ABAP proxy, in or outbound has Which one used classes with regards to Sync/ Async what is the method call?
    36.  With an optional node what would be the cardinality?  How do you make sure the subordinate fields get mapped?
    37.  WSDL what is it?  Where do you find it in Repository?  Is it used in Java or ABAP proxy?
    38.  XI 3.0, what are the supported mapping types?
    ANS Message mapping, ABAP mapping, JAVA mapping and XSLT mapping
    39.  What are the prerequisites for importing customer defined IDOC?
    ANS
    40.  What are the three IDOC transactions in XI?
    ANS  SM59, IDX1and IDX2.
    41.  Context object replace what?
    ANS  Xpath
    42.  Two things can make up a collaboration agreement, what are they?
    ANS Sender agreement and receiver agreement
    43.  What is a logical system, with respect to SLD?  Where would you assign it?
    ANS
    44.  What is the sender communications channel?
    ANS specify the potential senders of messages and the technical communication path
    45.  If error during inbound or outbound binding, where do you look to solve?
    46.  URI, URL and URN what are they and what are their differences?
    47.  To perform content based (logical) routing, two places it can be done.  What are the two places?
    48.  What is an integration process?  Where is it executed?  What stake?
    49.  In a message mapping you have advanced user defined function, can you test for context changes, if yes how?
    50.  What is multi-mapping?  Where is it used?  What are the advantages?
    ANS Multimappping is any mapping that involves N messages either or source or target side   Multimapping can be used in ccBPM
             1.used to map abstract interfaces
             2. Development is same as message mappings.
             3.n:1 transformation
             4.1:n transformation
             5. n:m transformation
    51.  What are the two XSLT tags, previously that could not be used in XI?
    ANS
    52.  Using a simple user defined function how can you send trace information to be monitored?
    53.  What is function "exists" in message mapping?
    ANS We can handle the error by checking whet her the source tag exists and if it does not we can pass an empty value, which generates the required target field.
    54.  What Jar file is required to perform Java Mapping?
    ANS
    55.  What is context in message mapping and how is it used?
    56.  What is remove context and splitby value?
    ANS to remove parent context of an element and spliby value is counterpart of remove context.
    57.  Where can you use user defined function?  What is its scope?
    58.  If you are building Java mapping class which class interface must it implement?
    59.  What is the scope of mapping template?
    60.  How does a Boolean function work in message mappings?
    61.  Source message occurs 3 times, target only once, what is wrong?
    62.  In simple mapping - one source results in 4 identical target messages, with regarding cardinality what is the problem?
    63.  What is a prerequisite to do ABAP mapping for a comple transformation?
    64.  What step can be inserted into an exception branch?
    ANS
    65.  How do you get an error condition to generated an alert?
    ANS
    66.  What actions can you perform in SXI_CACHE?
    67.  What is a wait step and why is it used?
    ANS It is a process flow control relavent and is used toset start time for next step
    68.  What is a block step and why is it used?
    ANS
    69.  Could multiple instances of an integration process be running at the same time?  If so, how does a message find its way to the correct instance?
    70.  Which XI objects can be used in an integration process?  Which ones from Repository?
    71.  Send message within an integration process to 8 receivers at the same time, how can you do this?
    72. What is a correlation?  What is a local correlation?
    73. What is the relationship between an integration process and business workflow?

  • Some weblogic real time questions....

    Hi All,
    Have some weblogic related real time questions. I am posting them below. I would appreciate you kind replies to them.
    if two managed servers is there Same Domain is configured in both servers, but one physical server is crashed then how can you create a domain with the same configuration?
    Give me the real time scenario to configure weight based algorithm in a cluster?
    if some servers in cluster are running some of them are down is it deployment is possible?
    Is it possible two different versions of the same application deploy at the same time?
    how to recover password in weblogic?
    how to recover boot.properties?
    how to recover serializedini.dat, if the file is corrupted.>
    How admin server knows that the managed server is down?
    what you can do if multicast buffer is full and how you know that?
    What is the Max amount of information that can be saved in a session object?
    how do u differentiate a out of memory and memory leak issue?
    Thanks,

    request you to please get in touch with the oracle consultant group they would help much better ...

  • ABAP Real Time Questions..

    Dear Friends,
    please help me out in getting some real time question and answers related to ABAP.

    Dear Hazi Valli,
    Post ABAP related queries in ABAP Forums. Search the forum for generic queries.
    Wiki link for ABAP:
    https://wiki.sdn.sap.com/wiki/display/ABAP
    Have moved the thread to ABAP General.
    Regards,
    Naveen.

  • Abaphr real time question with answer

    hi friends
    kindly send me ABAP-HR real time questions to my mail [email protected]
    Thanks&Regards
    Babasish

    http://www.sapgenie.com/faq/hr.htm
    http://www.sapgenie.com/workflow/scenarios.htm
    http://www.sapgenie.com/mysap/mysap_hr.htm
    http://www.sap-img.com/human/hr-faq.htm
    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAPA/PAPA.pdf
    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PAPD/PAPD.pdf
    http://help.sap.com/printdocu/core/Print46c/en/data/pdf/PYINT/PYINT_BASICS.pdf
    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/programs/programshr.htm
    HR ABAP
    Re: ABAP HR Overview
    Take a look at these links....
    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/saphr.htm
    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid21_gci1030179,00.html?track=NL-142&ad=500911#Transactions
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/4f/d5275f575e11d189270000e8322f96/content.htm
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_47x200/helpdata/en/4f/d5275f575e11d189270000e8322f96/content.htm
    http://www.saptips.com/Previews/SAPtipsAugust-September2004TableOfContents.pdf
    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/originalContent/0,289142,sid21_gci1030179,00.html?track=NL-142&ad=500911#Transactions
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/en/4f/d528be575e11d189270000e8322f96/frameset.htm.
    You can also have a look at the following :
    http://www.sap-basis-abap.com/saphr.htm.
    http://www.sapgenie.com/faq/hr.htm
    http://www.sapgenie.com/workflow/scenarios.htm
    Pls go thru following FAQ links. It will be useful :
    http://www.sap-img.com/human/sap-hr-interview-questions.htm
    http://www.sap-img.com/human/questions-and-answers-for-sap-hr.htm
    http://www.sap-img.com/human/hr-faq.htm
    http://www.sapdevelopment.co.uk/hr/hrhome.htm
    http://www.sapgenie.com/mysap/mysap_hr.htm

  • BSP and Webdynpro real time questions

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    Hi Rao,
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    Chaitanya.

  • Need ABAP real time questions

    hello ABAP gurus,
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    You'd think so, but in some countries it can be very messy and costly to get rid of someone even if they did get the job dishonestly or under false pretences.
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    I once saw a guy who'd been on two projects with a consulting firm - kicked off both within a few weeks and spenmt a year on the bench - get hired as develpment manager.  Now there were three guys from his ex-firm already on site and the dork who hired him didn't even think to informally ask them.  When the penny dropped they tried demoting him and he threatined to sue.
    You think Dilbert is fiction?

  • Real time questions for HFM

    Hi, Gurus'
    Can anyone plz answer for the below questions
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    2. How to overcome system performance issues specially in month ends, while number of concurrent entities loading the data in to HFM Application at the same time?
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    Regards
    Smilee

    Hi,
    In a real time environment, the following process will be followed in general
    1. Most of the organizations will prepare financial close cycle timelines for the entire fiscal year in advance. This activity will be taken care of fiance department
    2. Get an approval from financial director for the close cycle timeline and make it to frozen state unless any exception comes in
    3. Based on the timelines, IS department will prepare the maintenance schedule of Hyperion EPM instance by keeping in mind that there should be no maintenance activity during the close cycle time
    4. The maintenance schedule will get approved by IS department and then taken forward to finance department for final approval. If any changes\recommendations suggested by finance department then it will be incorporated by IS department and get the final approval
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  • Hi experts real time questions plz post ans

    i am confusing supporting and development kindly guide me
    supporting doubts:
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    Hi,
    In a real time environment, the following process will be followed in general
    1. Most of the organizations will prepare financial close cycle timelines for the entire fiscal year in advance. This activity will be taken care of fiance department
    2. Get an approval from financial director for the close cycle timeline and make it to frozen state unless any exception comes in
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    6. Start sending reminder mail about the scheduled maintenance activity one day to all the HFM end users before the activity starts
    7. Start sending the final reminder mail about the scheduled maintenance activity one hour before the activity starts
    8. Once the maintenance activty is completed, send an email communication to all the HFM end users that the HFM system is up and running now
    9. In case of any un expected issue during the maintenance activity which might lead to increase in the downtime required for the maintenance activity.Inform the key stake holders at the earliest and inform the end users accordingly
    Thanks..

  • REAL TIME QUESTIONS- LANDSCAPE

    hi Friends,
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    3. In real time can we transport objects from sand box to DEV or can we re do in DEV???
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    Hi Manu,
    1. sandbox is a client in DEV server or seprate server??
    Sandbox is a seperate server . It may or maynot include in DEV Server.
    2.after golive how many clients are there in production serever?
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