To make different colours for the columns of ALV report in Grid display.

Hai Friends,
                   I have created an ALV report in grid display method by using the call function reuse_alv_grid_display.
I have obtained the report.In that report i want to change the colour of each column.Plz provide the answer with a sample program.
                Thank u.

hi i had a program  for the rows with diff colors....do the same thing for the columns..
REPORT  zdemo_alvgrid                 .
TABLES:     ekko.
type-pools: slis.                                 "ALV Declarations
*Data Declaration
TYPES: BEGIN OF t_ekko,
  ebeln TYPE ekpo-ebeln,
  ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
  statu TYPE ekpo-statu,
  aedat TYPE ekpo-aedat,
  matnr TYPE ekpo-matnr,
  menge TYPE ekpo-menge,
  meins TYPE ekpo-meins,
  netpr TYPE ekpo-netpr,
  peinh TYPE ekpo-peinh,
  line_color(4) type c,     "Used to store row color attributes
END OF t_ekko.
DATA: it_ekko TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_ekko INITIAL SIZE 0,
      wa_ekko TYPE t_ekko.
*ALV data declarations
data: fieldcatalog type slis_t_fieldcat_alv with header line,
      gd_tab_group type slis_t_sp_group_alv,
      gd_layout    type slis_layout_alv,
      gd_repid     like sy-repid.
*Start-of-selection.
START-OF-SELECTION.
perform data_retrieval.
perform build_fieldcatalog.
perform build_layout.
perform display_alv_report.
*&      Form  BUILD_FIELDCATALOG
      Build Fieldcatalog for ALV Report
form build_fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELN'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Purchase Order'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 0.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 10.
  fieldcatalog-emphasize   = 'X'.
  fieldcatalog-key         = 'X'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'EBELP'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO Item'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 1.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'STATU'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Status'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 2.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'AEDAT'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Item change date'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 3.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MATNR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Material Number'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 4.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MENGE'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'PO quantity'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 5.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'MEINS'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Order Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 6.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'NETPR'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Net Price'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 7.
  fieldcatalog-outputlen   = 15.
  fieldcatalog-datatype     = 'CURR'.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
  fieldcatalog-fieldname   = 'PEINH'.
  fieldcatalog-seltext_m   = 'Price Unit'.
  fieldcatalog-col_pos     = 8.
  append fieldcatalog to fieldcatalog.
  clear  fieldcatalog.
endform.                    " BUILD_FIELDCATALOG
*&      Form  BUILD_LAYOUT
      Build layout for ALV grid report
form build_layout.
  gd_layout-no_input          = 'X'.
  gd_layout-colwidth_optimize = 'X'.
  gd_layout-totals_text       = 'Totals'(201).
Set layout field for row attributes(i.e. color)
  gd_layout-info_fieldname =      'LINE_COLOR'.
endform.                    " BUILD_LAYOUT
*&      Form  DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT
      Display report using ALV grid
form display_alv_report.
  gd_repid = sy-repid.
  call function 'REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY'
       exporting
            i_callback_program      = gd_repid
            is_layout               = gd_layout
            it_fieldcat             = fieldcatalog[]
            i_save                  = 'X'
       tables
            t_outtab                = it_ekko
       exceptions
            program_error           = 1
            others                  = 2.
  if sy-subrc <> 0.
MESSAGE ID SY-MSGID TYPE SY-MSGTY NUMBER SY-MSGNO
        WITH SY-MSGV1 SY-MSGV2 SY-MSGV3 SY-MSGV4.
  endif.
endform.                    " DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT
*&      Form  DATA_RETRIEVAL
      Retrieve data form EKPO table and populate itab it_ekko
form data_retrieval.
data: ld_color(1) type c.
select ebeln ebelp statu aedat matnr menge meins netpr peinh
up to 10 rows
  from ekpo
  into table it_ekko.
*Populate field with color attributes
loop at it_ekko into wa_ekko.
  ld_color = ld_color + 1.
Only 7 colours so need to reset color value
  if ld_color = 8.
    ld_color = 1.
  endif.
  concatenate 'C' ld_color '10' into wa_ekko-line_color.
wa_ekko-line_color = 'C410'.
  modify it_ekko from wa_ekko.
endloop.
endform.                    " DATA_RETRIEVAL
regards,
venkat

Similar Messages

  • To change the colour of the particular cell of ALV report in Grid display.

    Hai Friends,
                      I have created an Alv report in grid display .In that i want to change the colour of the particular cell.Plz provide the answer with a solved example.
             Thank u.

    This works for a Custom Control and OO ALV in a Dialog Module
    TABLES: kna1.
    * Data (for the ALV Grid)
    TYPES:
      BEGIN OF t_alv_data,
        cust_id    TYPE kunnr,        "Customer Number
        cust_name  TYPE name1_gp,     "Customer Name
        cust_color TYPE i,
    *   cell coloring field
        color     TYPE lvc_t_scol,   "Cell coloring
      END OF t_alv_data.
    DATA:
      v_alv_data TYPE t_alv_data,
      i_alv_data TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_alv_data.
    * ALV grid containers and objects
    DATA:
      o_alv_grid TYPE REF TO cl_gui_alv_grid,
      o_alv_cont TYPE REF TO cl_gui_custom_container.
    * ALV field catalog
    DATA:
      i_alv_fc TYPE lvc_t_fcat,
      v_alv_fc LIKE lvc_s_fcat.
    * ALV Layout (colors)
    DATA:
      v_alv_layout TYPE lvc_s_layo,
      i_alv_color TYPE lvc_t_scol,
      v_alv_color TYPE lvc_s_scol,
      v_alv_color_cell TYPE lvc_s_colo.
    * ALV variant
    DATA:
      v_alv_variant  TYPE disvariant.
    PARAMETERS:
      p_alvvar TYPE disvariant-variant DEFAULT 'DEFAULT'.
    DATA: ok_code LIKE sy-ucomm.
    * Class for event handling
    *       CLASS lcl_event_receiver DEFINITION
    * [+] Event listener for the ALV grid
    * [+] Handles hotspots and data changes
    CLASS lcl_event_receiver DEFINITION.
      PUBLIC SECTION.
        METHODS:
    *     Hotspot clicking
          hotspot_click
               FOR EVENT hotspot_click OF cl_gui_alv_grid
                 IMPORTING e_row_id
                           e_column_id
                           es_row_no,
    *     Data changed (such as checkbox clicking)
          handle_data_changed
            FOR EVENT data_changed OF cl_gui_alv_grid
                IMPORTING er_data_changed.
    ENDCLASS.                    "lcl_event_receiver DEFINITION
    *       CLASS lcl_event_receiver IMPLEMENTATION
    * [+] Implementation of the ALV Grid event handler class
    CLASS lcl_event_receiver IMPLEMENTATION.
    *       METHOD hotspot_click                                          *
    * [+] Calls evvent_hotspot_click when a hotspot is clicked in the ALV
      METHOD hotspot_click.
        PERFORM event_hotspot_click
                      USING e_row_id
                            e_column_id.
      ENDMETHOD.                    "hotspot_click
    *       METHOD handle_data_changed                                    *
    * [+] Updates the source data when the data in the ALV display has
    * been changed, such as by clicking a checkbox.
      METHOD handle_data_changed.
        DATA: lv_changed TYPE lvc_s_modi.
        LOOP AT er_data_changed->mt_good_cells INTO lv_changed
          WHERE fieldname = 'CUST_NAME'.
          READ TABLE i_alv_data INTO v_alv_data INDEX lv_changed-row_id.
          IF sy-subrc = 0.
            MOVE lv_changed-value TO v_alv_data-cust_name.
            MODIFY i_alv_data FROM v_alv_data INDEX lv_changed-row_id.
          ENDIF.
        ENDLOOP.
      ENDMETHOD.                    "handle_data_changed
    ENDCLASS.                    "lcl_event_receiver IMPLEMENTATION
    * Reference to the event listener class
    DATA: event_receiver TYPE REF TO lcl_event_receiver.
    *       FORM build_event_listener
    * [+] Set the event handler on the ALV Grid
    FORM build_event_listener.
    * Assigning the event listener to the ALV
      CREATE OBJECT event_receiver.
      SET HANDLER event_receiver->handle_data_changed FOR o_alv_grid.
      SET HANDLER event_receiver->hotspot_click       FOR o_alv_grid.
    ENDFORM.                    "build_event_listener
    *       AT SELECTION-SCREEN
    *         ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_alvvar
    * [+] Calls choose_alv_variant to ask the user to select an alv grid
    *     layout variant
    AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_alvvar.
      PERFORM choose_alv_variant
        CHANGING
          p_alvvar
          v_alv_variant.
    *       START_OF_SELECTION
    START-OF-SELECTION.
      PERFORM get_data.
      SET PF-STATUS 'ALVSCREEN' IMMEDIATELY.
      CALL SCREEN 2000.
    *       FORM get_data
    * [+] Gets the data for the ALV grid
    FORM get_data.
      SELECT kunnr name1
        INTO (v_alv_data-cust_id,
              v_alv_data-cust_name)
        FROM kna1.
        APPEND v_alv_data TO i_alv_data.
      ENDSELECT.
    ENDFORM.                    "get_data
    *       MODULE build_alv_grid
    *   THIS SHOULD BE IN THE "PROCESS BEFORE OUTPUT" OF THE ALV SCREEN
    * [+] Builds the ALV Grid objects
    * [+] Calls to build the field catalog table
    * [+] Loads the field catalog table into the ALV Grid
    * [+] Loads the table data into the ALV Grid
    MODULE build_alv_grid OUTPUT.
      SET TITLEBAR  '2000'.
    * Also enables layout saving
      PERFORM set_alv_variant
        USING
          p_alvvar
        CHANGING
          v_alv_variant.
    * Building the grid and container on the screen
    * NOTE: the container name MUST be upper-case
    * Also, we don't want the objects to be created if in batch mode!
      IF sy-batch IS INITIAL.
        CREATE OBJECT o_alv_cont
          EXPORTING
            container_name = 'O_ALV_TABLE'.
      ENDIF.
      CREATE OBJECT o_alv_grid
        EXPORTING
          i_parent = o_alv_cont.
    * builds the event listener
      PERFORM build_event_listener.
    * Color the cells
      PERFORM color_cells.
    * Build the field catalog
      PERFORM build_alv_fc.
    * Loads the data into the grid
      CALL METHOD o_alv_grid->set_table_for_first_display
        EXPORTING
          i_save          = 'A'
          i_default       = 'X'
          is_variant      = v_alv_variant
          is_layout       = v_alv_layout
        CHANGING
          it_outtab       = i_alv_data
          it_fieldcatalog = i_alv_fc.
    ENDMODULE.                    "build_alv_grid OUTPUT
    *       FORM build_alv_fc
    * [+] Constructs the ALV Grid field catalog table
    FORM build_alv_fc.
      CLEAR i_alv_fc.
      REFRESH i_alv_fc.
    * NOTE: the field name MUST be upper-case
    *                   field       heading         hide  hot
    *                   name                        zero  spot  just
      PERFORM:
        alv_field USING 'CUST_ID'    'Cust ID'        ' '  'X'  'R',
        alv_field USING 'CUST_NAME'  'Customer Name'  ' '  ' '  'L',
        alv_field USING 'CUST_COLOR' 'Color'          ' '  ' '  'R'.
    ENDFORM.                    "build_alv_fc
    *       FORM alv_field
    * [+] Describes and constructs a single field for the ALV Grid field
    *     catalog. The field length and type are both obtained from the
    *     actual field passed in to this method.
    * [+] Adds the constructed field to the ALV Grid field catalog table
    FORM alv_field
      USING
        p_field_name TYPE c
        p_heading    TYPE c
        p_hide_zeros TYPE c
        p_hotspot    TYPE c
        p_justify    TYPE c.
      CLEAR v_alv_fc.
      DATA:
        lv_type(1) TYPE c,
        lv_length TYPE i,
        lv_heading_length TYPE i.
    * get the type and length of this field
      FIELD-SYMBOLS <field>.
      ASSIGN p_field_name TO <field>.
      DESCRIBE FIELD <field> TYPE lv_type OUTPUT-LENGTH lv_length.
    * re-adjust the length to the length of the header, if too short
      lv_heading_length = strlen( p_heading ).
      IF lv_length < lv_heading_length.
        lv_length = lv_heading_length.
      ENDIF.
    * NOTE: the field name MUST be upper-case
      v_alv_fc-fieldname = p_field_name.
      TRANSLATE v_alv_fc-fieldname TO UPPER CASE.
      v_alv_fc-inttype   = lv_type.
      v_alv_fc-outputlen = lv_length.
      v_alv_fc-coltext   = p_heading.
      v_alv_fc-seltext   = p_heading.
      v_alv_fc-hotspot   = p_hotspot.
    * Determining which fields should show zeros
      IF p_hide_zeros = 'X'.
        v_alv_fc-no_zero = 'X'.
        v_alv_fc-lzero   = ' '.
      ELSE.
        v_alv_fc-no_zero = ' '.
        v_alv_fc-lzero   = 'X'.
      ENDIF.
      v_alv_fc-just = p_justify.
    * Add the field to the field catalog
      APPEND v_alv_fc TO i_alv_fc.
    ENDFORM.                    "alv_field
    *       FORM choose_alv_variant
    * [+] Shows a popup that allows the user to choose the layout variant
    *     for the alv grid of the current program
    * [+] Usually called by an AT SELECTION-SCREEN method.
    FORM choose_alv_variant
      CHANGING
        p_variant_name TYPE disvariant-variant
        p_variant      TYPE disvariant.
      CLEAR p_variant.
      DATA:
        p_exit_check(1) TYPE c.
      MOVE sy-repid TO p_variant-report.
      CALL FUNCTION 'LVC_VARIANT_F4'
           EXPORTING
                is_variant = p_variant
                i_save     = 'A'
           IMPORTING
                e_exit     = p_exit_check
                es_variant = p_variant
           EXCEPTIONS
                not_found  = 1
                OTHERS     = 99.
      IF sy-subrc = 0.
        IF p_exit_check <> 'X'.
          p_variant_name = p_variant-variant.
        ENDIF.
      ENDIF.
    ENDFORM.                    "choose_alv_variant
    *       FORM set_alv_variant
    * [+] Sets the alv grid layout variant. Used for setting the variant
    *     when its name is entered in a parameter rather than by using the
    *     popup, or when loading the variant from a variable of type C
    FORM set_alv_variant
      USING
        p_variant_name TYPE disvariant-variant
      CHANGING
        p_variant      TYPE disvariant.
      MOVE sy-repid TO p_variant-report.
      p_variant-variant = p_variant_name.
    ENDFORM.                    "set_alv_variant
    *       FORM color_cells
    * [+] Loop through the data and apply coloring
    FORM color_cells.
      DATA:
        my_color  TYPE i.
    * tell the ALV grid what field in v_alv_data contains color information
      v_alv_layout-ctab_fname = 'COLOR'.
      my_color = 0.
    * loop through each row of the table
      LOOP AT i_alv_data INTO v_alv_data.
    *   clear the variables
        CLEAR:
          v_alv_color,
          v_alv_color_cell,
          i_alv_color.
        REFRESH:
          i_alv_color.
        v_alv_data-cust_color = my_color.
        PERFORM color_cell USING 'CUST_COLOR' my_color. "negative
    *   apply the colors
    *    IF v_alv_data-cust_name = 'Testing Credit'.
    *      PERFORM color_cell USING 'CUST_NAME' 6. "negative
    *    ELSEIF v_alv_data-cust_name = 'Goober Goober Also'.
    *      PERFORM color_cell USING 'CUST_NAME' 5. "positive
    *    ENDIF.
    *   set the color data for this table row
        v_alv_data-color = i_alv_color.
        MODIFY i_alv_data FROM v_alv_data.
        my_color = my_color + 1.
        IF my_color GT 7.
          CLEAR my_color.
        ENDIF.
      ENDLOOP.
    ENDFORM.                    "color_cells
    *       FORM color_cell
    * [+] Colors a cell in the ALV grid
    FORM color_cell
      USING
        p_cellname TYPE c
        p_color    TYPE i.
      CLEAR:
        v_alv_color_cell,
        v_alv_color.
    * set the color for the cell
    *  IF p_color = 0.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 0. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_background.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 1.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 1. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_heading.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 2.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 2. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_normal.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 3.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 3. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_total.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 4.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 4. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_key.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 5.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 5. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_positive.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 6.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 6. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_negative.
    *  ELSEIF p_color = 7.
    *    v_alv_color_cell-col = 7. "cl_gui_resources=>list_col_group.
    *  ENDIF.
      v_alv_color_cell-col = p_color.
      v_alv_color-nokeycol = 'X'.
      v_alv_color-fname = p_cellname.
    *  v_alv_color-color = p_color.
      v_alv_color-color = v_alv_color_cell.
      APPEND v_alv_color TO i_alv_color.
    ENDFORM.                    "color_cell
    *       FORM event_hotspot_click
    * [+] What to do when clicking on a hotspot in the ALV Grid
    FORM event_hotspot_click
      USING
        p_row    TYPE lvc_s_row
        p_column TYPE lvc_s_col.
      DATA:
        lv_docnum TYPE kunnr.
      READ TABLE i_alv_data INTO v_alv_data INDEX p_row-index.
      IF p_column = 'CUST_ID'.
    *   call a transaction when the cust_id is clicked
        SET PARAMETER ID 'AUN' FIELD v_alv_data-cust_id.
        CALL TRANSACTION 'VA03' AND SKIP FIRST SCREEN.
      ENDIF.
    ENDFORM.                    "event_hotspot_click
    *&      Module  USER_COMMAND_2000  INPUT
    *       text
    MODULE user_command_2000 INPUT.
      CASE ok_code.
        WHEN 'BACK'
          OR 'STOP'
          OR 'CANCEL'.
          LEAVE TO SCREEN 0.
      ENDCASE.
    ENDMODULE.                 " USER_COMMAND_2000  INPUT

  • How to put colours for a column in ALV

    Dear All,
    I need to put green colour for 1 column in an ALV report.
    Can anybody tell me how we can do that ...
    Thanking you in advance,
    Shankar

    Here's a little sample program.....  this illistrates coloring at the column, row, and cell level.
    report zrich_0002 .
    * Use of colours in ALV grid (cell, line and column)            *
    * Table
    tables : mara.
    * Type
    types : begin of ty_mara,
              matnr         like mara-matnr,
              matkl         like mara-matkl,
              counter(4)    type n,
              free_text(15) type c,
              color_line(4) type c,           " Line color
              color_cell    type lvc_t_scol,  " Cell color
    end of ty_mara.
    * Structures
    data  : wa_mara     type ty_mara,
            wa_fieldcat type lvc_s_fcat,
            is_layout   type lvc_s_layo,
            wa_color    type lvc_s_scol.
    * Internal table
    data : it_mara     type standard table of ty_mara,
           it_fieldcat type standard table of lvc_s_fcat,
           it_color    type table          of lvc_s_scol.
    * Variables
    data : okcode like sy-ucomm,
           w_alv_grid          type ref to cl_gui_alv_grid,
           w_docking_container type ref to cl_gui_docking_container.
    parameters : p_column as checkbox,
                 p_line   as checkbox,
                 p_cell   as checkbox.
    at selection-screen output.
      perform get_data.
      perform fill_catalog.
      if w_docking_container is initial.
        perform create_objects.
      endif.
    *&      Form  create_objects
    form create_objects.
      create object w_docking_container
        exporting
          ratio                       = 60
        exceptions
          cntl_error                  = 1
          cntl_system_error           = 2
          create_error                = 3
          lifetime_error              = 4
          lifetime_dynpro_dynpro_link = 5
          others                      = 6.
      create object w_alv_grid
        exporting
          i_parent          = w_docking_container.
    * Field that identify color line in internal table
      move 'COLOR_LINE' to is_layout-info_fname.
    * Field that identify cell color in inetrnal table
      move 'COLOR_CELL' to is_layout-ctab_fname.
      call method w_alv_grid->set_table_for_first_display
        exporting
          is_layout                     = is_layout
        changing
          it_outtab                     = it_mara
          it_fieldcatalog               = it_fieldcat
        exceptions
          invalid_parameter_combination = 1
          program_error                 = 2
          too_many_lines                = 3
          others                        = 4.
    endform.
    *&      Form  get_data
    form get_data.
      select * from mara up to 5 rows.
        clear : wa_mara-color_line, wa_mara-color_cell.
        move-corresponding mara to wa_mara.
        add 1                   to wa_mara-counter.
        move 'Blabla'           to wa_mara-free_text.
        if wa_mara-counter = '0002'
        and p_line = 'X'.
    * Color line
          move 'C410' to wa_mara-color_line.
        elseif wa_mara-counter = '0004'
        and p_cell = 'X'.
    * Color cell
          move 'FREE_TEXT' to wa_color-fname.
          move '6'         to wa_color-color-col.
          move '1'         to wa_color-color-int.
          move '1'         to wa_color-color-inv.
          append wa_color to it_color.
          wa_mara-color_cell[] = it_color[].
        endif.
        append wa_mara to it_mara.
      endselect.
    endform.
    *&      Form  fill_catalog
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