Difference between Field symbols and Field groups

<b>Hi Friends,
can you tell me the differences between Field symbols and Field groups? with any examples preferably?
Regards
Dinesh</b>

Hi Dinesh,
A field group combines several existing fields together under one name
like
FIELD-GROUPS: fg.
then you can use one insert statement to insert values in fields of field-group.
INSERT f1 f2 ... INTO fg.
<b>Field symbols</b>
If u have experience with 'C', then understand this to be similar to a pointer.
It is used to reference another variable dynamically. So this field symbol will simply point to some other variable. and this pointer can be changed at runtime.
FIELD-SYMBOLS <FS>.
DATA FIELD VALUE 'X'.
ASSIGN FIELD TO <FS>.
WRITE <FS>.
Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
Field Groups:
A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
Use
The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
Field Groups / Extracts
http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/9f/db9ede35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
Field Symbols
http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/fc/eb387a358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
Reward points if helpful.
Regards,
Hemant

Similar Messages

  • Difference between Field symbols and field group

    Hi experts,
    Can you please advice me what is the difference between field symbols and field groups.
    Thanks in advance,
    Logu.

    Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field Groups:
    A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
    Use
    The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
    When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
    A field group combines several existing fields together under one name
    like
    FIELD-GROUPS: fg.
    then you can use one insert statement to insert values in fields of field-group.
    INSERT f1 f2 ... INTO fg.
    Field symbols
    If u have experience with 'C', then understand this to be similar to a pointer.
    It is used to reference another variable dynamically. So this field symbol will simply point to some other variable. and this pointer can be changed at runtime.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <FS>.
    DATA FIELD VALUE 'X'.
    ASSIGN FIELD TO <FS>.
    WRITE <FS>.
    Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field Groups:
    A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
    Use
    The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
    When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
    example :
    DATA: BEGIN OF SPTAB OCCURS 0,
    line(1000), " or type string
    END OF SPTAB.
    DATA: IDX LIKE SY-INDEX.
    field-symbols <FS1>.
    split tb_sip AT ';' INTO table sptab.
    LOOP AT SPTAB.
    IDX = IDX + 1.
    ASSIGN COMPONENT IDX OF STRUCTURE tb_detsip TO <FS1>.
    If sy-subrc = 0.
    <FS1> = SPTAB-line.
    Endif.
    Endloop.
    append tb_detsip.
    clear idx.
    Field Groups / Extracts
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/9f/db9ede35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Field Symbols
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/fc/eb387a358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Reward points if useful.

  • Field symbols and field groups

    Hi friends plz send me the answer for this query:
    What are field symbols and field groups.? what is the"component idx of structure" clause with field groups?

    Hi,
    A field group combines several existing fields together under one name
    like
    FIELD-GROUPS: fg.
    then you can use one insert statement to insert values in fields of field-group.
    INSERT f1 f2 ... INTO fg.
    Field symbols
    If u have experience with 'C', then understand this to be similar to a pointer.
    It is used to reference another variable dynamically. So this field symbol will simply point to some other variable. and this pointer can be changed at runtime.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <FS>.
    DATA FIELD VALUE 'X'.
    ASSIGN FIELD TO <FS>.
    WRITE <FS>.
    Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field Groups:
    A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
    Use
    The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
    When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
    Field Groups / Extracts
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/9f/db9ede35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Field Symbols
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/fc/eb387a358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Regards,
    Priyanka.

  • What are field symbols and field groups.? Have you used "component idx of s

    What are field symbols and field groups.? Have you used "component idx of structure"

    Field Symbols and field groups
    Field Groups / Extracts
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/9f/db9ede35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Field Symbols
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/fc/eb387a358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field Groups:
    A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
    Use
    The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
    When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
    A field group combines several existing fields together under one name
    like
    FIELD-GROUPS: fg.
    then you can use one insert statement to insert values in fields of field-group.
    INSERT f1 f2 ... INTO fg.
    Field symbols
    If u have experience with 'C', then understand this to be similar to a pointer.
    It is used to reference another variable dynamically. So this field symbol will simply point to some other variable. and this pointer can be changed at runtime.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <FS>.
    DATA FIELD VALUE 'X'.
    ASSIGN FIELD TO <FS>.
    WRITE <FS>.
    Field symbols: are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field Groups:
    A field group is a user-defined grouping of characteristics and basic key figures from the EC-EIS or EC-BP field catalog.
    Use
    The field catalog contains the fields that are used in the aspects. As the number of fields grows, the field catalog becomes very large and unclear. To simplify maintenance of the aspects, you can group fields in a field group. You can group the fields as you wish, for example, by subject area or responsibility area. A field may be included in several field groups.
    When maintaining the data structure of an aspect, you can select the field group that contains the relevant characteristics and basic key figures. This way you limit the number of fields offered.
    Field Groups / Extracts
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/9f/db9ede35c111d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    Field Symbols
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_46c/helpdata/EN/fc/eb387a358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/frameset.htm

  • Fields symbols and field groups

    what are field symbols and field groups?
    Regards,
    sravanthi

    Difference between Field symbols and Field groups
    what are field groups and field symbols ...

  • What are field symbols and field groups.?

    hi,
    What are field symbols and field groups.? what is the usage of  "component idx of structure" clause with field groups?
    regards

    sorry, question resolved.

  • Exect difference between Fuzzy lookup and Fuzzy grouping

    Hi all,
       Can you pls explain difference between Fuzzy lookup and Fuzzy grouping in simple word,pls
    Thanks
    Selva

    Hi Selva,
    In brief, the Fuzzy Grouping Transformation can be used to group the similar rows in the source dataset and identify rows of data that are likely to be duplicate; while the Fuzzy Lookup Transformation can match records between the source table and reference
    table that are similar, but not identical to, the lookup key.
    Here are good examples about the two transformations:
    http://ssis-tutorial-online.blogspot.com/2013/04/fuzzy-grouping-transformation.html 
    http://www.codeproject.com/Tips/528243/SSIS-Fuzzy-lookup-for-cleaning-dirty-data 
    Regards,
    Mike Yin
    TechNet Community Support

  • Field symbols and index

    What are field symbols and field groups.? Have you used "component idx of structure" clause with field groups?

    Hi
    this will help you
    reward if usefull
    <b><u>FIELD-SYMBOLS</u></b>
    <u>Syntax</u>
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <fs> { typing | STRUCTURE struc DEFAULT dobj }.
    Extras:
    1. ... typing
    2. ... STRUCTURE struc DEFAULT dobj
    The FIELD-SYMBOLS statement declares a field symbol <fs>. The name conventions apply to the name fs. The angle brackets of the field symbols indicate the difference to data objects and are obligatory. You can declare field symbols in any procedure and in the global declaration section of an ABAP program, but not in the declaration section of a class or an interface. You can use a field symbol in any operand position in which it is visible and which match the typing defined using typing.
    After its declaration, a field symbol is initial - that is, it does not reference a memory area. You have to assign a memory area to it (normally using the ASSIGN statement) before you can use it as an operand. Otherwise an exception will be triggered.
    <b><u>FIELD-GROUPS</u></b>
    <u>Syntax</u>
    FIELD-GROUPS { header | field_group }.
    Declaration of a field group for the extract dataset of the program. Each field group represents the name of a line structure of the extract dataset. You can create as many field groups as you wish in a program. You define the actual components of a field group with the statement INSERT.
    The denominator of a field group is either the predefined name header or any name field_group. If you declare a field group header, it automatically becomes the beginning part of all remaining field groups of the program and its components constitute the standard sort key of the extract dataset for the statement SORT.
    The statement FIELD-GROUPS is possible in the global declaration-part of an ABAP program, as well as in the subprograms and function modules. Field groups that are declared in procedures are visible only there.
    As you can only define global data objects as components of field groups with the statement INSERT, we recommend to declare field groups only in the global declaration part as well.

  • Difference between Portal Transport and Basis Transport

    Hi Experts,
    I have few questions .
    1. What's the difference between transport in portal and transport in Basis.
    2 . In user admin , we create users and assign them roles. Even Basis people will create
         new userids and assign them roles. Whats the difference between these two.
    3. In useradmin whats the difference between assigned roles and assigned groups.
    Thanks a lot.

    Hi,
    I don't see any differnece in portal and basis transport
    Content transport generally done from one landscape to other landscape. say  from dev to test system
    or test  to production system.
    we create user id using user admin role in portal ume or we can get users externally by using LDAP funtionality.
    Using user admin role we can assingn users to rolese and groups.
    Groups are used for a group of users. IF certain users have similar authorizations in portal then we group them in single user group and then assing this group to the roles. This is called authorization.
    Role is used to display the portal content to the users and is the top level navigation in portal.
    If I miss anything at basis level then someone can help you.
    Raghu

  • The difference between FIELD-SYMBOL and normal DATA TYPE

    Dear experts,
    Please see the example below, both are output the same result.
    DATA: EXTERNAL_RECORD(4000),
          POSITION TYPE I,
          LENGTH TYPE N,
          ENTRY TYPE STRING.
    EXTERNAL_RECORD = '0005Smith0007Edwards0005Young'.
    DO.
      LENGTH = EXTERNAL_RECORD+POSITION(4).
      IF LENGTH = 0.
        EXIT.
      ENDIF.
      ADD 4 TO POSITION.
      MOVE EXTERNAL_RECORD+POSITION(LENGTH) TO ENTRY.
      WRITE ENTRY.
      ADD LENGTH TO POSITION.
      IF POSITION >= 4000.
        EXIT.
      ENDIF.
    ENDDO.
    --OR It can be written as--
    DATA: EXTERNAL_RECORD(4000),
          POSITION TYPE I,
          LENGTH TYPE N.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <ENTRY>.
    EXTERNAL_RECORD = '0005Smith0007Edwards0005Young'.
    DO.
      LENGTH = EXTERNAL_RECORD+POSITION(4).
      IF LENGTH = 0.
        EXIT.
      ENDIF.
      ADD 4 TO POSITION.
      ASSIGN EXTERNAL_RECORD+POSITION(LENGTH) TO <ENTRY>.
      WRITE <ENTRY>.
      ADD LENGTH TO POSITION.
      IF POSITION >= 4000.
        EXIT.
      ENDIF.
    ENDDO.
    Is there any special circumstances we need to use FIELD-SYMBOL?
    Why is FIELD-SYMBOL is introduce in the first place?
    Kindly advice with example.
    Thanks in advance for those who can help me on this.

    HI,
    You can use field symbols to make the program more dynamic. In this example the name of a table control is substituted by a field symbol. Thus you cal call the form with any internal table, using the name of the table control as a parameter.
    Example
    form insert_row
    using p_tc_name.
    field-symbols <tc> type cxtab_control. "Table control
    assign (p_tc_name) to <tc>.
    insert 100 lines in table control
    <tc>-lines = 100.
    Field symbols allow you to:
    **     Assign an alias to a data object(for example, a shortened
            name for data objects structured through several hierarchies
            - <fs>-f instead of rec1-rec2-rec3-f)
    **     Set the offset and length for a string variably at runtime
    **     Set a pointer to a data object that you determine at runtime (dynamic ASSIGN)
    **     Adopt or change the type of a field dynamically at runtime
    **     Access components of a structure
    **     (from Release 4.5A) Point to lines of an internal table
            (process internal tables without a separate work area)
    Field symbols in ABAP are similar to pointers in other programming
    languages. However, pointers (as used in PASCAL or C) differ from ABAP
    field symbols in their reference syntax.
    The statement ASSIGN f to <fs> assigns the field f to field
    symbol <fs>. The field symbol <fs> then "points" to the
    contents of field f at runtime. This means that all changes to the
    contents of f are visible in <fs> and vice versa. You declare
    the field symbol <fs> using the statement FIELD-SYMBOLS: <fs>.
    Reference syntax
    Programming languages such as PASCAL and C use a dereferencing symbol
    to indicate the difference between a reference and the object to which
    it refers; so PASCAL would use p^ for a pointer instead of p, C would
    use *p instead of p. ABAP does not have any such dereferencing symbol.
    **     In PASCAL or C, if you assign a pointer p1 to a pointer p2,
    you force p1 to point to the object to which p2 refers (reference semantics).
    **     In ABAP, if you assign a field symbol <fs1> to a field
    symbol <fs2>, <fs1> takes the value of the data object to
    which <fs2> refers (value semantics).
    **     Field symbols in ABAP are always dereferenced, that is,
    they always access the referenced data object. If you want to
    change the reference yourself in ABAP, you can use the ASSIGN statement
    to assign field symbol <fs1> to field symbol <fs2>.
    Using field symbols
    You declare field symbols using the FIELD-SYMBOLS statement.
    They may be declared either with or without a specific type.
    At runtime you assign a field to the field symbol using the ASSIGN
    statement. All of the operations on the field symbol act on the field
    assigned to it.
    When you assign a field to an untyped field symbol, the field symbol
    adopts the type of the field. If, on the other hand, you want to assign
    a field to a typed field symbol, the type of the field and that of the
    field symbol must be compatible.
    A field symbol can point to any data object and from Release 4.5A,
    they can also point to lines of internal tables.
    The brackets (<>) are part of the syntax.
    Use the expression <fs> IS ASSIGNED to find out whether the field
    symbol <fs> is assigned to a field.
    The statement UNASSIGN <fs> sets the field symbol <fs> so
    that it points to nothing. The logical expression <fs>
    IS ASSIGNED is then false. The corresponding negative expression
    is IF NOT <fs> IS ASSIGNED.
    An unassigned field symbol <fs> behaves as a constant with
    type C(1) and initial value SPACE.
    MOVE <fs>
    TO dest     Transfers the initial value SPACE to the variable dest
    MOVE 'A' to <fs>     
    Not possible, since <fs> is a constant
    (runtime error).
    To lift a type restriction, use the CASTING addition in the
    ASSIGN statement. The data object is then interpreted as though
    it had the data type of the field symbol. You can also do this
    with untyped field symbols using the CASTING TYPE <type> addition.
    The danger with pointers is that they may point to invalid areas.
    This danger is not so acute in ABAP, because the language does not
    use address arithmetic (for example, in other languages, pointer p
    might point to address 1024. After the statement p = p + 10, it would
    point to the address 1034). However, the danger does still exist, and
    memory protection violations lead to runtime errors.
    A pointer in ABAP may not point beyond a segment boundary. ABAP does
    not have one large address space, but rather a set of segments.
    Each of the following has its own segment:
    *     All global data
    *     All local data
    *     Each table work area (TABLES)
    *     Each COMMON PART
    You should only let field symbols move within an elementary field or
    structure where ABAP allows you to assign both within the global data
    and beyond a field boundary.
    Rgds
    Umakanth

  • Difference between Field symbols and work area for Internal tables

    Hi,
    In ECC versions we all know that we need to declare the internal tables without headerline, and for handling the internal tables we need to use exclusive work areas.
    Currently i have an issue that we have been asked to use field symbols instead of work areas...can any one help me how to use the field symbols and also let me know how it will improve the performance of the program..
    Thanks and Regards,
    Kathir

    Hi
    DATA: WA TYPE ITAB.
    LOOP AT ITAB INTO WA.
    IF WA-FIELD = .....
    ENDIF.
    ENDLOOP.[(code]
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <WA> TYPE ANY.
    LOOP AT ITAB ASSIGNING <WA>.
    ENDLOOP.
    Now the problem is you can't know the name of the fields of the table at runtime, so you can't write:
    IF <WA>-FIELD = .....
    ENDIF.
    Anyway you can create a field-symbols strcturated like the table:
    [code]FIELD-SYMBOLS <WA> TYPE ITAB.
    LOOP AT ITAB ASSIGNING <WA>.
      IF <WA>-FIELD = .....
      ENDIF.
    ENDLOOP.
    I don't know which are the differences for the performance between to use a field-symbol and to use a structure as work-area.
    The differnce between the field-symbols and work-area is the field-symbol is assigned directly to the record, so u don't need to do a MODIFY statament to change something:
    LOOP AT ITAB INTO WA.
      WA-FIELD =
      MODIFY ITAB FROM WA.
    ENDLOOP.
    LOOP AT ITAB ASSIGNING <WA>.
      <WA>-FIELD =
    ENDLOOP.
    These two pieces of abap code do the same action, so probably the field-symbol improve the performance because it do an access directly to the record without to use an external structure as workarea.
    Max

  • Field Symbols, Field String, and Field Group.

    Hi,
    Can you differentiate between filed symbols, field strings and field groups,
    With regards,
    Bharath Mohan B

    Hi,
    Field Symbols
    Field symbols are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field symbols are similar to dereferenced pointers in C (that is, pointers to which the content operator * is applied). However, the only real equivalent of pointers in ABAP, that is, variables that contain a memory address (reference) and that can be used without the contents operator, are reference variables in ABAP Objects.
    All operations programmed with field symbols are applied to the field assigned to it. For example, a MOVE statement between two field symbols moves the contents of the field assigned to the first field symbol to the field assigned to the second field symbol. The field symbols themselves point to the same fields after the MOVE statement as they did before.
    You can create field symbols either without or with type specifications. If you do not specify a type, the field symbol inherits all of the technical attributes of the field assigned to it. If you do specify a type, the system checks the compatibility of the field symbol and the field you are assigning to it during the ASSIGN statement.
    Field symbols provide greater flexibility when you address data objects:
    If you want to process sections of fields, you can specify the offset and length of the field dynamically.
    You can assign one field symbol to another, which allows you to address parts of fields.
    Assignments to field symbols may extend beyond field boundaries. This allows you to address regular sequences of fields in memory efficiently.
    You can also force a field symbol to take different technical attributes from those of the field assigned to it.
    The flexibility of field symbols provides elegant solutions to certain problems. On the other hand, it does mean that errors can easily occur. Since fields are not assigned to field symbols until runtime, the effectiveness of syntax and security checks is very limited for operations involving field symbols. This can lead to runtime errors or incorrect data assignments.
    While runtime errors indicate an obvious problem, incorrect data assignments are dangerous because they can be very difficult to detect. For this reason, you should only use field symbols if you cannot achieve the same result using other ABAP statements.
    For example, you may want to process part of a string where the offset and length depend on the contents of the field. You could use field symbols in this case. However, since the MOVE statement also supports variable offset and length specifications, you should use it instead. The MOVE statement (with your own auxiliary variables if required) is much safer than using field symbols, since it cannot address memory beyond the boundary of a field. However, field symbols may improve performance in some cases.
    check the below links u will get the answers for your questions
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/fc/eb3860358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm
    http://www.sts.tu-harburg.de/teaching/sap_r3/ABAP4/field_sy.htm
    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/tip/1,289483,sid21_gci920484,00.html
    Syntax Diagram
    FIELD-SYMBOLS
    Basic form
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <fs>.
    Extras:
    1. ... TYPE type
    2. ... TYPE REF TO cif
    3. ... TYPE REF TO DATA
    4. ... TYPE LINE OF type
    5. ... LIKE s
    6. ... LIKE LINE OF s
    7. ... TYPE tabkind
    8. ... STRUCTURE s DEFAULT wa
    The syntax check performed in an ABAP Objects context is stricter than in other ABAP areas. See Cannot Use Untyped Field Symbols ad Cannot Use Field Symbols as Components of Classes.
    Effect
    This statement declares a symbolic field called <fs>. At runtime, you can assign a concrete field to the field symbol using ASSIGN. All operations performed with the field symbol then directly affect the field assigned to it.
    You can only use one of the additions.
    Example
    Output aircraft type from the table SFLIGHT using a field symbol:
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <PT> TYPE ANY.
    DATA SFLIGHT_WA TYPE SFLIGHT.
    ASSIGN SFLIGHT_WA-PLANETYPE TO <PT>.
    WRITE <PT>.
    Addition 1
    ... TYPE type
    Addition 2
    ... TYPE REF TO cif
    Addition 3
    ... TYPE REF TO DATA
    Addition 4
    ... TYPE LINE OF type
    Addition 5
    ... LIKE s
    Addition 6
    ... LIKE LINE OF s
    Addition 7
    ... TYPE tabkind
    Effect
    You can define the type of the field symbol using additions 2 to 7 (just as you can for FORM parameters (compare Defining the Type of Subroutine Parameters). When you use the ASSIGN statement, the system carries out the same type checks as for USING parameters of FORMs.
    This addition is not allowed in an ABAP Objects context. See Cannot Use Obsolete Casting for FIELD SYMBOLS.
    In some cases, the syntax rules that apply to Unicode programs are different than those for non-Unicode programs. See Defining Types Using STRUCTURE.
    Effect
    Assigns any (internal) field string or structure to the field symbol from the ABAP Dictionary (s). All fields of the structure can be addressed by name: <fs>-fieldname. The structured field symbol points initially to the work area wa specified after DEFAULT.
    The work area wa must be at least as long as the structure s. If s contains fields of the type I or F, wa should have the structure s or at least begin in that way, since otherwise alignment problems may occur.
    Example
    Address components of the flight bookings table SBOOK using a field symbol:
    DATA SBOOK_WA LIKE SBOOK.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <SB> STRUCTURE SBOOK
    DEFAULT SBOOK_WA.
    WRITE: <SB>-BOOKID, <SB>-FLDATE.
    Related
    ASSIGN, DATA
    Additional help
    Declaring Field Symbols
    FIELD GROUPS
    are used to hold/handle large amount of data when the internal table are not useful
    we use EXTRACT statement, HEADER structure in them
    see the example
    REPORT demo_extract.
    NODES: spfli, sflight.
    FIELD-GROUPS: header, flight_info, flight_date.
    START-OF-SELECTION.
      INSERT: spfli-carrid spfli-connid sflight-fldate
                INTO header,
              spfli-cityfrom spfli-cityto
                INTO flight_info.
    GET spfli.
      EXTRACT flight_info.
    GET sflight.
      EXTRACT flight_date.
    END-OF-SELECTION.
      SORT STABLE.
      LOOP.
        AT FIRST.
          WRITE / 'Flight list'.
          ULINE.
        ENDAT.
        AT flight_info WITH flight_date.
          WRITE: / spfli-carrid , spfli-connid, sflight-fldate,
                   spfli-cityfrom, spfli-cityto.
        ENDAT.
        AT flight_date.
          WRITE: / spfli-carrid , spfli-connid, sflight-fldate.
        ENDAT.
        AT LAST.
          ULINE.
          WRITE: cnt(spfli-carrid), 'Airlines'.
          ULINE.
        ENDAT.
      ENDLOOP.
    FIELD STRING is nothing but a string with  one row of records.
    Reward points if useful
    regards
    Anji

  • Difference between Key figure and a Key field?

    Difference between Key figure and a Key field?
    Thanks,
    Pramod

    Hi,
    Key fileds as just like your primary key of R/3 Tables.
    Key figure are type of info object which is used to hold amout,value for your info providers..
    check this link for key figures and there types...
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_bw31/helpdata/en/80/1a63b3e07211d2acb80000e829fbfe/frameset.htm
    under "Tab Page: Aggregation". you can be able to find three aggregation options:
    Minimum
    Maximum
    Sum
    Types of non-cumulative keyfigures
    Regards,
    Viren.

  • Finding difference between Max date and Min date from single date field

    Dear Experts,
    Here I am with a scenario where i didnt find any solution in SDN and in most threads it is unanswered.
    I have 1 KF which is a date field. With reference to Serial no, I want to find out the Max and Min date from the same KF. I created 2 CKF where the same KF is used in both CKF to find the Min and Max dates,
    Ex:
    Serial No | Material | Actual Del date | Max | Min | Difference
    0123 | 300012 | 01.01.2009 | 31.01.2009 | 01.01.2009 | 30
    0123 | 300013 | 07.01.2009 | 31.01.2009 | 01.01.2009 | 30
    0123 | 300018 | 15.01.2009 | 31.01.2009 | 01.01.2009 | 30
    0123 | 300014 | 30.01.2009 | 31.01.2009 | 01.01.2009 | 30
    0124 | 300019 | 02.01.2009 | 10.01.2009 | 02.01.2009 | 8
    0124 | 300012 | 06.01.2009 | 10.01.2009 | 02.01.2009 | 8
    0124 | 300017 | 10.01.2009 | 10.01.2009 | 02.01.2009 | 8
    This is the way how I want the output where now I am able to get the values right till Max and Min and not the difference. I even created the 3rd CKF the find the difference but it is not working.
    How can I find the difference between the Max and Min dates?
    Regards,
    Chan

    Hi
    You have FM --DAYS_BETWEEN_TWO_DATES you can use this while Customer Exit.
    Try to Have 2 RKF for Min Data and Max Date and create a formula/CKF on the same ..
    Hope it helps

  • Re: field symbols and interna table

    hi,
    here is field symbol which is table type
    FIELD-SYMBOLS: <gt_pos_data> TYPE table.
    there is one internal table it_data.
    how can  move <gt_pos_data> to it_data.
    please help me.
    rgds

    Hi
    You can assign field wise:
    like
    <gt_pos_data>- field to  to it_data-field.
    Field Symbols
    Field symbols are placeholders or symbolic names for other fields. They do not physically reserve space for a field, but point to its contents. A field symbol cam point to any data object. The data object to which a field symbol points is assigned to it after it has been declared in the program.
    Whenever you address a field symbol in a program, you are addressing the field that is assigned to the field symbol. After successful assignment, there is no difference in ABAP whether you reference the field symbol or the field itself. You must assign a field to each field symbol before you can address the latter in programs.
    Field symbols are similar to dereferenced pointers in C (that is, pointers to which the content operator * is applied). However, the only real equivalent of pointers in ABAP, that is, variables that contain a memory address (reference) and that can be used without the contents operator, are reference variables in ABAP Objects.
    All operations programmed with field symbols are applied to the field assigned to it. For example, a MOVE statement between two field symbols moves the contents of the field assigned to the first field symbol to the field assigned to the second field symbol. The field symbols themselves point to the same fields after the MOVE statement as they did before.
    You can create field symbols either without or with type specifications. If you do not specify a type, the field symbol inherits all of the technical attributes of the field assigned to it. If you do specify a type, the system checks the compatibility of the field symbol and the field you are assigning to it during the ASSIGN statement.
    Field symbols provide greater flexibility when you address data objects:
    If you want to process sections of fields, you can specify the offset and length of the field dynamically.
    You can assign one field symbol to another, which allows you to address parts of fields.
    Assignments to field symbols may extend beyond field boundaries. This allows you to address regular sequences of fields in memory efficiently.
    You can also force a field symbol to take different technical attributes from those of the field assigned to it.
    The flexibility of field symbols provides elegant solutions to certain problems. On the other hand, it does mean that errors can easily occur. Since fields are not assigned to field symbols until runtime, the effectiveness of syntax and security checks is very limited for operations involving field symbols. This can lead to runtime errors or incorrect data assignments.
    While runtime errors indicate an obvious problem, incorrect data assignments are dangerous because they can be very difficult to detect. For this reason, you should only use field symbols if you cannot achieve the same result using other ABAP statements.
    For example, you may want to process part of a string where the offset and length depend on the contents of the field. You could use field symbols in this case. However, since the MOVE statement also supports variable offset and length specifications, you should use it instead. The MOVE statement (with your own auxiliary variables if required) is much safer than using field symbols, since it cannot address memory beyond the boundary of a field. However, field symbols may improve performance in some cases.
    check the below links u will get the answers for your questions
    http://help.sap.com/saphelp_nw04/helpdata/en/fc/eb3860358411d1829f0000e829fbfe/content.htm
    http://www.sts.tu-harburg.de/teaching/sap_r3/ABAP4/field_sy.htm
    http://searchsap.techtarget.com/tip/1,289483,sid21_gci920484,00.html
    Syntax Diagram
    FIELD-SYMBOLS
    Basic form
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <fs>.
    Extras:
    1. ... TYPE type
    2. ... TYPE REF TO cif
    3. ... TYPE REF TO DATA
    4. ... TYPE LINE OF type
    5. ... LIKE s
    6. ... LIKE LINE OF s
    7. ... TYPE tabkind
    8. ... STRUCTURE s DEFAULT wa
    The syntax check performed in an ABAP Objects context is stricter than in other ABAP areas. See Cannot Use Untyped Field Symbols ad Cannot Use Field Symbols as Components of Classes.
    Effect
    This statement declares a symbolic field called <fs>. At runtime, you can assign a concrete field to the field symbol using ASSIGN. All operations performed with the field symbol then directly affect the field assigned to it.
    You can only use one of the additions.
    Example
    Output aircraft type from the table SFLIGHT using a field symbol:
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <PT> TYPE ANY.
    DATA SFLIGHT_WA TYPE SFLIGHT.
    ASSIGN SFLIGHT_WA-PLANETYPE TO <PT>.
    WRITE <PT>.
    Addition 1
    ... TYPE type
    Addition 2
    ... TYPE REF TO cif
    Addition 3
    ... TYPE REF TO DATA
    Addition 4
    ... TYPE LINE OF type
    Addition 5
    ... LIKE s
    Addition 6
    ... LIKE LINE OF s
    Addition 7
    ... TYPE tabkind
    Effect
    You can define the type of the field symbol using additions 2 to 7 (just as you can for FORM parameters (compare Defining the Type of Subroutine Parameters). When you use the ASSIGN statement, the system carries out the same type checks as for USING parameters of FORMs.
    This addition is not allowed in an ABAP Objects context. See Cannot Use Obsolete Casting for FIELD SYMBOLS.
    In some cases, the syntax rules that apply to Unicode programs are different than those for non-Unicode programs. See Defining Types Using STRUCTURE.
    Effect
    Assigns any (internal) field string or structure to the field symbol from the ABAP Dictionary (s). All fields of the structure can be addressed by name: <fs>-fieldname. The structured field symbol points initially to the work area wa specified after DEFAULT.
    The work area wa must be at least as long as the structure s. If s contains fields of the type I or F, wa should have the structure s or at least begin in that way, since otherwise alignment problems may occur.
    Example
    Address components of the flight bookings table SBOOK using a field symbol:
    DATA SBOOK_WA LIKE SBOOK.
    FIELD-SYMBOLS <SB> STRUCTURE SBOOK
    DEFAULT SBOOK_WA.
    WRITE: <SB>-BOOKID, <SB>-FLDATE.
    Related
    ASSIGN, DATA
    Additional help
    Declaring Field Symbols
    Reward points if useful
    Regards
    Anji

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