URGENT: Certification Question

Hi there - we are running a Certification program that has a Due Date of today (September 5, 2008). Will users still be able to access the course through the certification link after today or will it shut down completely? Do I need to extend the deadline in OLM to allow users the weekend to complete the course?
Your advise would be greatly appreciated!
Thanks - Juli

Hi Juli
Once the certification end date has passed, the certification will be considered as 'expired' if the learner has not completed the course(s). So, I think this will cause you a problem unless you amend the end date. It depends too on the date setting for the certification. If you have allowed the user to re-certify for a period AFTER expiry, you may be OK. To be sure, I'd need to know thjose settings.
I have, by coincidence, been discussing a similar situation only today with a customer! It may not be quite the same scenario, but have a look at MetraLink document id 422593.1 which may (or may not) help!
Let me know how you get on.
Regards
Tim

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    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTIONS
    I BASIS KNOWLEDGE AND SYSTEM NAVIGATION
    1. Name two ways to start a transaction.
    answer: Dynamic Menu and Command Field
    2. Why do you create user*specific parameters?
    Answer: They supply defaults to R/3 fields. If a field is indicated, the system automatically fills in
    default value. Depending on the field definition, the entry can also be replaced with a value
    entered by the user. (Concept of PARAMETER ID)
    3. Name the three different kinds of messages in the R/3 system. What is the difference
    between them?
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    list processing:
    A (=Abend):
    The system displays a message of this message type in a dialog window. After the user confirms
    the message using ENTER, the system terminates the entire transaction (for example SE38).
    E (=Error) or W (=Warning):
    The system displays a message of this message type in the status line. After the user chooses
    ENTER, the system acts as follows:
    While creating the basic list, the system terminates the report.
    While creating a secondary list, the system terminates the corresponding processing block and
    keeps displaying the previous list level.
    I (=Information):
    The system displays a message of this message type in a dialog window. After the user chooses
    ENTER, the system resumes processing at the current program position.
    S (=Success):
    The system displays a message of this message type on the output screen in the status line of the
    currently created list.
    4. What is a data dictionary or repository?
    Central catalog that contains the descriptions of an organization's data and provides information
    about the relationships between the data and its use in programs and screens.
    The data descriptions in a Data Dictionary are also called metadata, i.e., data that describes other
    data.
    The ABAP/4 Dictionary stores system*wide data definitions. When you create a new data
    definition, the Dictionary tool does all the processing necessary to create the definition. You can
    use the Dictionary tool to look up the "definition" of objects in your R/3 System.
    5. What is a matchcode?
    Comparison key. A matchcode allows you to locate the key of a particular database record (e.g.
    account number) by entering any field value contained in the record. The system then displays a
    list of records matching the specifications.
    If you want an end user to see a specific menu after logging on the R/3 system, how could you do
    that?
    User maintenance transactions allow the system administrator to create and maintain user master
    records. This includes the generation and assignment of authorizations and authorization profiles.
    1
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    II CORPORATE STRUCTURE
    In R/3 you can represent a company's structure by defining and assigning corporate structure
    elements. What is the purpose of doing that?
    Enterprise organization diagram.
    Chart showing the organizational structure of an enterprise, its organization units and how they are
    related. A combined structure can be created from the point of view of accounting, MM, SD. This
    structure forms a framework in which all business transactions can be processed.
    Which three organizational elements make up a sales area and briefly explain their function?
    Sales organization: An organizational unit that sells and distributes products, negotiates terms of sale,
    and is responsible for these transactions.
    Distribution channel: Channel through which salable materials or services reach customers. Typical
    distribution channels include wholesale, retail and direct sales. You can assign a distribution channel to
    one or more sales organizations.
    Division: Product groups can be defined for a wide*ranging spectrum of products. For every division
    you can make customer*specific agreements on, for example, partial deliveries, pricing and terms of
    payment. Within a division you can carry out statistical analyses or set up separate marketing.
    Name the three internal organizational elements within a sales organization and briefly
    explain their function.
    Sales Office
    Geographical aspects of the organization in business development and sales are defined using the term
    sales office. A sales office can be considered as a subsidiary.
    Sales offices are assigned to sales areas. If you enter a sales order for a sales office within a certain
    sales area, the sales office must be assigned to that area.
    Sales Group. The staff of a sales office may be subdivided into sales groups. For example, sales groups
    can be defined for individual divisions.
    Sales Persons
    Individual personnel master records are used to manage data about salespersons. You can assign a
    sales person to a sales group in the personnel master record.
    What does the term "business area" refer to and how can it be used?
    Business Area. The system posts costs and revenue according to the business area. The business
    area can be equivalent to the:
    sales area (if the accounts are to be posted according to sales)
    plant/division (if the accounts are to be posted according to products)
    The business area is defined in Customizing for Sales.
    Business area. A unit in an enterprise, grouping product and market combinations as homogeneously
    as possible for the purpose of developing unified business policy.
    Financial Accounting (FI). A business area is an organizational unit within financial accounting which
    represents a separate area of operations or responsibilities within an organization. Financial accounting
    transactions can be allocated to a specific business area.
    Briefly explain the relationship between sales organizations and company codes.
    Many to One.
    What is the central organizational element in purchasing?
    Purchasing Organization.
    Explain the relationship between sales organizations and plants.
    Many to Many.
    Explain the relationship between sales organizations, plants and company codes.
    Many to Many to One.
    Can one business area be assigned to several company codes? Which (sub) module of SAP could make
    business areas obsolete?
    Yes in CO .
    2
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    What is a credit control area? What relationship exists between credit control areas and
    company codes?
    Credit control area. Organizational unit in an organization that specifies and checks credit limits for
    customers. A credit control area can include one or more company codes. It is not possible to assign a
    company code to more than one credit control areas.
    Which organizational element is central in shipping? Give a definition of it.
    Shipping Point: Organizational unit at a fixed location that carries out shipping activities. A shipping
    point could, for example, be a company's mail department or a plant's rail depot. Each delivery is
    processed by only one shipping point.
    Give a definition of plant (in SAP).
    Organizational unit within Logistics, serving to subdivide an enterprise according to production,
    procurement, maintenance, and materials planning aspects.
    A plant is a place where either materials are produced or goods and services provided.
    Classification: Business object
    Structure: A plant can assume a variety of roles:
    As a maintenance plant, it includes the maintenance objects that are spatially located within this plant.
    The maintenance tasks that are to be performed are specified within a maintenance planning plant.
    As a retail or wholesale site, it makes merchandise available for distribution and sale.
    As a rule, the plant is the organizational unit for material valuation.
    The preferred shipping point for a plant is defined as the default shipping point, which depends on the
    shipping condition and the loading condition.
    For the placement of materials in storage (stock put*away), a storage location is assigned to a plant.
    The storage location depends on the storage condition and the stock placement situation.
    The business area that is responsible for a valuation area is determined as a function of the division.
    As a rule, a valuation area corresponds to a plant.
    Can you assign two different sales organization to the same company code?
    Yes.
    To what do you assign distribution channels and divisions?
    Sales Organizations.
    What are the highest organizational units in SD, MM.PP,FI,CO?
    SD: Sales Organizations.
    M: Plant
    PP: Plant
    FI: Company Code
    CO: Controlling Area
    Can you further subdivide a plant? If yes into what ?
    A plant can be subdivided into storage locations, allowing stocks of materials to be broken down
    according to predefined criteria (e.g., location and materials planning aspects).
    A plant can be subdivided into locations and operational areas. Subdivision into locations takes
    geographical criteria into account, whereas subdivision into operational areas reflects responsibilities
    for production.
    Can a sales organization sell from a plant belonging to a different company code?
    Yes.
    How many shipping points can you assign to a plant?
    Many.
    How many shipping points can you assign to a sales organization?
    None.
    If you have a warehouse management system active, to what would you assign the warehouse
    number?
    Plant & Storage Location.
    3
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    III MASTER DATA
    Why does the customer master have different views?
    In addition to the sales and distribution data, the accounting data is also important for a payer.
    Therefore one can create a customer master record centrally for the following partner functions:
    For the payer
    For the sold*to party who, in addition to the other partner functions, also takes on the function of the
    payer.
    Which different partner functions can a customer master record serve?
    Customer:
    sold*to party
    ship*to party
    payer
    bill*to party
    One*time customer including all partner functions.
    What is the structure of data in the customer master record?
    Different data is maintained in each of the three areas:
    General data, like address and telephone number, etc., is maintained for every customer. This data is
    only identified by the customer number, not by company code or sales area. Maintaining the data is
    possible from both the accounting view and the sales and distribution view.
    Company code data is only of interest for the accounting department. It includes, for example,
    information on insurance or account management. This data applies to only one company code.
    Sales and distribution data is only of interest for the sales and distribution department. It includes, for
    example, data on pricing or shipping. This data only applies to one sales area, and therefore is
    dependent on the sales structure (sales organization, distribution channel, division).
    Would you have different customer numbers if your customer was serviced by more than
    one company code?
    No.
    Would you have different customer numbers if your customer was serviced by more than
    one sales organization?
    No.
    A material is produced in plant Boston, plant Dallas and in plant Chicago. How many
    different material master number do you need?
    Only one.
    Is it possible to have different data for the same customer for different sales areas?
    Yes.
    Give examples of general data in the customer master record ?
    Address, Control data, Marketing, Payment transactions, Contact person, Unloading points.
    Give examples of general data in the material master record ?
    This level contains the data applicable to all individual group companies, all plants, and all
    warehouses/stores belonging to an enterprise (corporate group). Examples of general data are details
    on a material's design (CAD drawings, for instance) and storage conditions (temperature range,
    whether the material is explosive or perishable, and so on).
    Give examples of company codespecific data in the customer master record?
    This data is only of importance to the accounting department. It includes, for example, data on
    insurance and account management. Company code data only applies to one company code. If you
    edit the customer master record you must specify customer number and company code in order to
    access the screens containing company code data.
    Which plant*specific data do you find in the material master record?
    4
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    This level contains the data for each branch or plant location within a certain company. The data
    important to Purchasing is stored at this level. Examples of this data are the maximum and minimum
    order quantities of a material and the reorder level. You access the plant data by entering the plant
    key.
    If a customer wishes to receive goods on Tuesdays only, how could you ensure that in the
    SAP R/3 system?
    This can be done by specifying goods receiving hours * Time schedule of ship*to party which specifies
    the days and times that goods can be delivered.
    Do you find any sales prices in the material master record?
    Yes.
    Name at least five different partner functions.
    Examples of partner functions in Sales and Distribution:
    soldto party, shipto party, bill*to party, payer.
    Examples of partner functions (roles) in Materials Management:
    ordering address, supplier of goods, invoicing party, different payee.
    Which are the two partner functions in SD that have to be maintained in FI too ?
    sold*to party, payer.
    Can you assign a material to more than one division?
    No.
    If you want to create language specific sales texts for your material master, would you have
    to create a new material master record?
    No.
    What is a material type and which material types do you know?
    Raw materials, semi*finished products, finished products, trading goods, operating supplies.
    Name the four standard industry sectors in SAP for the material master. For what do you use
    them?
    Branch of industry.
    The industry sector groups together companies according to their activities (for example, plant
    engineering and construction, mechanical engineering, the chemical industry, and the pharmaceutical
    industry).
    Table*driven program support is provided via the industry sector: for example, for the selection of
    data fields on*screen, for the sequence of the screens, and for the allocation of a material to a
    material type.
    For what or why do you use the classification system in sales? Give examples of objects you
    can classify in R/3.
    For e.g., Variant Pricing of configurable products. Objects can be customers, products, condition types.
    Does storage*location specific data in the material master record apply for each plant?
    This level contains the data specific to a storage location. Stock levels are an example of the data
    maintained for each storage location. You access the storage location data by entering the plant and
    storage location codes.
    This data structure facilitates the organization of material*related information within the entire
    enterprise. It prevents redundant storage of material data when the same material is used in more
    than one plant or stored at more than one storage location.
    Example: Suppose the same metal casting is stored at two different locations. The design and
    purchasing data for this material would be identical. However, the data on the stock levels at each
    location would differ.
    Name at least four views of the material master record.
    5
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    . Accounting : Valuation and costing information. Examples: standard price, past and future
    price, and current valuation.
    . Materials planning and control: Information for material requirements planning (MRP) and
    consumption*based planning/inventory control. Examples: safety stock level, planned delivery
    time, and reorder level for a material.
    . Purchasing: Data provided by Purchasing for a material. Examples: purchasing group
    responsible for a material, over* and underdelivery tolerances, and the order unit.
    . Engineering: Engineering and design data on a material. Examples: CAD drawings, basic
    dimensions, and design specifications.
    . Storage: Information relating to the storage/warehousing of a material. Examples: unit of
    issue, storage conditions, and packaging dimensions.
    . Forecasting: Information for predicting material requirements. Examples: how the material is
    procured, forecasting period, and past consumption/usage.
    . Sales and distribution: Information for sales orders and pricing. Examples: sales price,
    minimum order quantity, and the name of the sales department responsible for a certain
    material.
    What are the possible units of measure for a material?
    A material can be stored, transported and sold in various units of measure. In the SAP R/3 System,
    you can therefore define various units of measure which are maintained in the sales and distribution
    screens. However, you only need to maintain the fields of the units of measure if they deviate from the
    base unit of measure. If no other fields with units of measure are maintained, the system
    automatically takes the base unit of measure as a basis for its calculations. You can enter the following
    units of measure in the sales and distribution screens:
    . Base unit of measure : Stocks of a material are managed in the base unit of measure. All
    quantity movements in other units of measure are converted automatically by the system into
    the base unit of measure.
    . Alternative unit of measure: If a product is managed in the base unit of measure "Piece" but is
    sold in the sales unit "Box", you must define the conversion factor. The alternative unit of
    measure can define, for example, that 1 box of this material contains 12 pieces.
    . Sales unit : The unit of measure in which materials are sold is referred to as a sales unit (for
    example, piece or bottle). The value you define in the material master record is proposed
    during business transactions relevant for sales, such as the sales order. You can replace them
    with other alternative units of measure in the sales order.
    . Delivery Unit : The delivery unit refers to the unit in which materials can be delivered. Only
    exact multiples of the delivery unit can be delivered. For example, with a delivery unit of 30
    bottles, 30, 60 or 90 bottles can be delivered, but not 100 bottles.
    . Quantity Specifications: Two different quantity specifications are used:
    . Minimum order quantity: The minimum order quantity refers to the minimum quantity the
    customer must order. A warning message appears if the minimum order quantity is not
    reached during order entry. The order can be entered in spite of the warning message.
    . Minimum delivery quantity : The minimum delivery quantity refers to the minimum quantity
    you must deliver to the customer. The minimum delivery quantity is automatically checked
    during delivery processing. A warning message appears during delivery processing if you enter
    a delivery quantity lower than the minimum delivery quantity. The delivery can be created in
    spite of this warning message.
    What is a Bill of material?
    A bill of material is a complete, formally structured list of the components that make up a product or
    assembly. The list contains the object number of each component, together with the quantity and unit
    of measure. The components are known as BOM items. A bill of material can only refer to a quantity of
    at least 1 of an object.
    Is the BOM used in the PP module only?
     No. Also used in SD.
    6
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Explain what a routing is?
    Routing contains the operations required in production, and the production resources/tools, material
    components, and test equipment required to produce the product.
    What is a work center?
    A work center is an organizational unit where a work step is carried out, producing an output. The
    work center defines where and by whom an operation is to be carried out. A cost center is assigned to
    each work center in the work center master record. The work center has a particular available
    capacity. The activities performed at or by the work center are valuated by charge rates, which are
    determined by cost centers and activity types. Work centers can be: Machines, People, Production
    lines, Groups of craftsmen .
    IN Personnel Planning and Development (PD) work centers are the physical locations where tasks are
    carried out. A work center can represent anything as general as a geographic location, for example,
    the New York branch office. Or work centers can be very precisely defined. For example, a work center
    could represent a specific workstation, with specific tools and equipment, on a specific floor, of a
    specific building.
    IN Workflow Management a work center is a particular place which has been set up specifically so that
    employees can perform their duties within the corporate work system using working materials.
    What does the account group of the customer /vendor control?
    A collection of properties of accounts which determine the creation of master records.
    The account group determines the data that is relevant for the master record and a number range
    from which numbers are selected for the master records.
    Each master record must be assigned to an account group.
    Changes to the account group and the accompanying partner functions can only be made from a lower
    level to a higher level. For example, this means that a sold*to party cannot be assigned the function of
    a payer as fields which have already been maintained for this sold*to party would have to be masked.
    However, you can assign the sold*to party function to a payer.
    The account group ensures that for the different partner functions of a customer only the necessary
    screens and fields are displayed for input.
    What are the two possible ways of control for the cost of a material in the material master
    record?
    Standard Price, Moving Average Price.
    What is a valuation class?
    Allocation of a material to a group of G/L accounts.
    Along with other factors, the valuation class determines the G/L accounts to be updated as a result of
    a valuation*relevant transaction (for example, a goods movement).
    Which valuation classes are valid depends on the material type. Several valuation classes
    can be valid for one material type. A valuation class can be valid for several material types.
    A customer master record in SD is also an A/R(accounts receivables)in FI. When you create a customer
    master record you also have to specify the reconciliation account. For what is the reconciliation
    account used?
    Account in G/L accounting, to which automatic entries are posted during a business activity. It is
    generally the case that several subledger accounts post to a common reconciliation account. This
    ensures that the developments in the subledger accounts are accurately reflected in the general ledger
    (i.e. in line with balance sheet conventions). You can set up a reconciliation account for, say, all
    overseas customers.
    7
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    IV INTRODUCTION TO ORDER MANAGEMENT & SALES
    Briefly describe the types and structure of the sales document and give examples of data
    that you find on the different levels.
    Sales*related business transactions are recorded in the system as sales documents. There are, broadly
    speaking, four different groupings of sales documents:
    Sales queries, such as inquiries and quotations
    Sales orders
    Outline agreements, such as contracts and scheduling agreements
    Customer problems and complaints, such as free of charge deliveries and credit memo requests.
    Header Data
    The general data that is valid for the entire document is recorded in the document header. This data
    includes the:
    number of the sold*to party
    number of the ship*to party and the payer
    document currency and exchange rate
    pricing elements for the entire document
    delivery date and shipping point
    Item Data
    Whereas data in the document header applies to all items in the document, some data applies only to
    specific items. This data is stored at item level and includes the:
    material number
    target quantity for outline agreements
    number of the shipto party and the payer (an alternative shipto party or payer can be defined for a
    particular item)
    plant and storage location specifications
    pricing elements for the individual items
    Schedule Line Data
    An item consists of one or more schedule lines. The schedule line contains all the data that is needed
    for a delivery. For example, a customer orders 20 pieces of a material and you enter this as an item in
    the sales order. However, you can only deliver 10 pieces now and the remaining 10 pieces next month.
    In other words, you need to schedule two deliveries. The data for these deliveries (dates, confirmed
    quantities) are stored in two separate schedule lines. In sales documents where delivery data is not
    relevant *for example: contracts, credit and debit memo requests * the system does not create any
    schedule lines.
    Data recorded in the schedule lines includes the:
    schedule line quantity
    delivery date
    confirmed quantity
    What is the difference between an inquiry and quotation ?
    . Inquiry: Request made to a vendor for a quotation for required materials or services.
    No availability check is done for inquiry.
    . Quotation: Offer from a vendor to a purchasing organization regarding the supply of materials
    or performance of services subject to predefined terms and conditions.
    A quotation consists of a number of items, in which the total quantity and delivery date of an
    offered material or service are specified.
    The total quantity can be subdivided into several partial quantities with different delivery dates in the
    lines of a delivery schedule.
    Do you always have to have a material master record number when you enter an item on a
    sales document (inquiry and quote)? If not what would you have to use to be able to enter
    information at item level?
    No. Customer Material Information or Material Description.
    If a customer doesn't place an order with you after you have sent him a quotation, what happens to
    the quotation document?
    Remains active till the end of validity period.
    8
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Can you have alternative items in a sales order?
    Yes.
    If you reference an inquiry when creating a quotation ,would the inquiry be updated?
    Yes.
    Can you copy one inquiry to many quotations ?
    No.
    Can you copy several previous documents into one sales order?
    Yes.
    Do you always have to copy the entire quantities at item level when you reference a
    previous document?
    No.
    Can you make sure that business data in a sales order is only possible to maintain at header
    level?
    Yes.
    From where is the delivering plant transferred into the sales order?
    Customer Master, Material Master.
    Which partner function is relevant for the delivering plant? The soldtoparty ,
    billtoparty, payer, carrier or the ship* to* party?
    Ship*to party.
    Can you manually change the delivering plant in the sales order once it was defaulted from
    the master data?
    Yes.
    For what or why do you use the incompletion log?
    To have a complete document so that it doesnu2019t affect subsequent processes.
    Can you have different incompletion logs for different item categories? Schedule line
    categories?
    Yes.
    If a document is incomplete can you still save the document?
    Yes.
    Which reference status can a document have at item level? Which statuses at header level?
    Item level: Partial, Full.
    Header level: Full.
    What's the advantage of using text as a reference instead of duplicating it?
    Can be modified if needed.
    What three sources provide data for the creation of a sales document?
    Material Master, Customer Master, Previous referenced documents.
    Can you change addresses of partners manually in the sales document?
    Yes.
    Name several input tools that make order entry faster and give a definition of them?
    Customer Material Information, Product Proposal , Referencing Documents.
    9
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    In which business environment would you use only the single*line entry screen to create
    and save the order?
    Telephone Sales, Simple Business.
    If you do not specify the delivering plant in the sales order, what could the system then not
    do?
    Delivery Scheduling.
    For what would you use the fast change function in sales entry?
    Alternate Plants, Delivery or Billing Blocks
    Name two ways to control that customers can receive only certain materials?
    Material Listing, Exclusion.
    What does the item category control?
    General Data
    . Should pricing be carried out for the item?
    . When should an item be regarded as completed? A quotation item, for example, can only be
    regarded as completed if the entire quantity has been copied into a sales order.
    . Is it an item that refers to a material or is it a text item?
    . Are schedule lines allowed for the item?
    . May general business data, for example, the terms of payment at the item level, deviate from
    those at the header level?
    . Should a system message appear if the item cannot be fully delivered?
    . Which fields are relevant for the incompletion log?
    . Which partner functions are allowed at the item level and which are mandatory?
    . Which output (for example, an order confirmation) is allowed for the business transaction and
    which output determination procedure is used?
    Shipping Data
    . Is an item relevant for delivery?
    . Should the weight and the volume of an item be determined?
    Billing Data
    . Is an item relevant for billing?
    . Should the cost of the item be determined?
    . Is it a statistical item? Pricing is carried out for statistical items. However, they are not added
    to the value of the order, that is, the customer is not charged for them.
    . Should a billing block be set automatically for an item? For example, this may be important for
    items whose prices have to be clarified before billing
    . Is it a returns item?
    . Name the influencing factors for determining the item category in the sales document?
    . Sales Document type, Item Category Group, Higher Level Item, Item Usage.
    . Name the influencing factors for determining the scehdule line category in the sales document?
    . Item Category, MRP Type.
    . What does the sales document type control?
    General Data
    . Can the document be entered only with reference to a preceding document?
    . Should the existing customer
    . material info record be taken into consideration?
    . Should the delivery date be proposed?
    . Must a customer number be entered when creating a document? For example, product
    proposals can be entered without reference to a particular customer.
    . Which order probability is defined?
    . Should the division be taken from the material master record for every item or should an
    alternative division specified in the header take precedence over the item specifications?
    10
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    . How should the system respond if the division entered in the header deviates from the division
    in the items?
    . Should a credit limit check be made?
    . From which number range should the document number for internal or external number
    assignment come?
    . Which fields are relevant for the incompletion log? The validity period, for example, is
    important for contracts and must therefore be specified in the document.
    . Can an incomplete document be saved or must all data be complete?
    . Which partner functions are allowed and which ones are mandatory?
    Shipping Data
    . Which delivery type should the delivery resulting from the order have?
    . Should delivery scheduling be carried out?
    . Should transportation scheduling be carried out?
    . Should a delivery block be set automatically for a specific reason? For example, a delivery
    block may be appropriate for a freeofcharge delivery.
    . You can define shipping conditions for a sales document type. These are copied into the
    document regardless of what is defined in the customer master record.
    Billing Data
    Which billing type should the invoice resulting from the order or the delivery have?
    Should a billing block be set automatically for a specific reason? For example, a billing block may be
    appropriate if a credit memo request should first be checked before it is used as the basis for a credit
    memo.
    Can the sales document type be determined by the system?
    No.
    In R/3, can you automatically substitute one product for another? How? What would you
    have to create?
    Yes. Product Selection / Material Determination.
    Give a definition of replenishment lead time?
    Total time for the inhouse production or for the external procurement of a product. In inhouse
    production the replenishment lead time is determined to cover all BOM levels.
    What's the difference between checking availability with or without replenishment lead time (RLT)?
    With RLT : Availability check is done only upto end of RLT. If material is not available the date on
    which RLT ends is displayed as Material Availability Date.
    Without RLT : Availability check is unrestricted. Displays Delivery Dates as on which partial deliveries
    can be made with available stock.
    Name at least three item categories?
    Standard Items : AFN, AGN, TAN.
    Free of charge Items: AFNN, AGNN, TANN.
    Non*stock Items : AFX, AGX, TAX.
    Text Items : AFTX, AGTX, TATX.
    Why would you use different item and schedule line categories?
    Item categories are defined to provide additional control functions for the sales documents and thus
    meet the demands resulting from the different business transactions.
    The items in a sales document are divided into one or more schedule lines. These schedule lines differ
    from each other with respect to date and quantity. For some schedule lines, material requirements
    planning is not carried out; for other schedule lines, it is carried out. Also goods receipt, not goods
    issue, is posted for a schedule line defined in a returns document.
    Can you change existing standard item categories?
    Yes.
    11
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Can you create new sales order types?
    Yes.
    Different dates will be calculated in order entry scheduling . Can you name the lead time
    variables that will be taken into account?
    Transportation lead time, Pick/pack time, Loading time, Transit time .
    If you run out of stock in a specific plant can you check if there are quantities available in other plants?
    Yes.
    When you carry out availability check, which quantities or movements can the system take
    into consideration?
    The following elements can be included in the availability check:
    Stocks : safety stock, stock in transfer, stock in quality inspection, blocked stock.
    Inward and outward movements : purchase orders, purchase requisitions, planned orders, production
    orders, reservations, dependent reservations, dependent requirements, sales requirements, delivery
    requirements.
    Give some examples of sales document types (description, not necessary the short code)
    that already set up in the standard system?
    Indicator used to control the processing of the various sales documents which are defined in the
    system. E.g., OR, SO, BV, KR. Document types allow the system to process different kinds of business
    transactions, such as standard orders and credit memo requests, in different ways.
    Can you maintain texts for a specific customer and store them in the system? If yes, where?
    Yes. Customer Material Information.
    When the system checks availability which scheduling would it use first?
    Backward Scheduling.
    Name the influencing factors for the determination of the availability date?
    The following data is required for determining this date:
    Route from the shipping point to the ship*to party location
    Shipping point from which the goods are issued
    Loading group from the material master record
    Weight group determined from the order using the order quantity.
    Name the three delivery possibilities when there is not enough stock available?
    One Time Delivery, Complete Delivery, Partial Deliveries.
    Can you think of an example why you would have to create a text for a customer and copy it
    to the sales order?
    Customer specific instructions.
    What is the function of item category group?
    The item category group determines how a material is processed in the sales order. It defines, for
    example, that pricing does not take place for a free of charge item, such as a business gift; or that
    inventory management is not carried out for a service. When processing sales and distribution
    documents, the system uses the item category group to determine the item category. The system
    determines the item category based on the item category group of the material and the current
    business transaction, and proposes it in the respective document.
    When creating the material types non*stock material and services, DIEN is proposed in both cases for
    the item category group, because the order processing for both material types is identical: for
    example, pricing is carried out for both, but no availability check.
    On sales order, when the system confirms 20 pieces to be available at a certain date, would
    these 20 pieces still be available for other new sales order coming in later?
    No.
    What is a delivery group and why would you use it?
    12
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    The complete delivery and delivery group functions enable you to combine some or all of the items in a
    sales order so that they are delivered to the customer together. The system determines automatically
    the latest delivery date possible for the delivery group and adjusts the schedule lines accordingly.
    Corresponding requirements for material requirements planning (MRP) are changed or re*determined.
    What is backorder processing?
    The backorder processing functions enable you to list relevant sales documents for specific materials
    and process them from the point of view of availability. You can assign available to promise (ATP)
    stock to outstanding order quantities. In addition, you can withdraw already confirmed quantities and
    reassign them to different items.
    Backorder processing is only available for materials with individual requirements.
    Can you link items in a sales order? If yes, when would you do that?
    Yes. Promotional Items.
    For what would you use BOMu2019S in sales? What two methods of BOM processing do you have
    in sales order entry? How can you control if the system should/should not explode a BOM in
    the sales order.
    A bill of material (BOM) describes the different components that together create a product. A BOM for
    a bicycle, for example, consists of all the parts that make up the bicycle: the frame, the saddle,
    wheels, and so on. When you enter the material number of a bill of materials that is relevant for sales
    order processing, the system displays the material that describes the whole bill of materials as a main
    item. The components are displayed as sub*items.
    Processing by Main Item : ERLA & Processing by Sub*Item : LUMF
    BOM explosion can be prevented by specifying Item Category Group as NORM.
    Credit limit checks is an example of a very close link between which two SAP modules?
    SD & FI.
    What are the two techniques in delivery scheduling?
    Backward Scheduling & Forward Scheduling.
    How does a third party deal work? Do you use a special sales order type for that? How could
    the system know that you want to process a third party deal?
    By specifying item category as TAS using double*line entry in the sales order.
    No special order type is available.
    By the item category group and/or material type in Material Master .
    Name the several steps in consignment processing.
    Consignment fillup, Consignment issue, Consignment pickup, Consignment return.
    Whatu2019s the difference between consignment pick*up and consignment return?
    In consignment pick*up, customer returns consignment stock. When goods issue is posted, the
    relevant quantity is deducted from the customer's special stock and is added back to regular stock at
    the plant where the goods are returned. Total valuated stock remains the same since the returned
    stock was regarded as part of inventory even while it was at the customer's premises.This transaction
    is not relevant for billing.
    In consignment return, customer wishes to claim on consignment goods which have already been
    issued. When goods issue is posted, the relevant quantity is added to the customer's special stock at
    the plant where the goods are returned. Since the ownership of the goods is passed from the customer
    back to the company, the transaction is relevant for billing. In this case, the customer receives a credit
    memo for the returned goods.
    Can you control that an end user cannot copy a quote of customer A to a sales order for
    customer B? If yes, where?
    Yes. By customizing Copying Control for header data.
    Give some example for data that is copied from the customer (soldto, payer, shipto) to the sales
    order as well as for data that is copied from the material?
    General data, payment terms, shipping details, delivery agreements, delivering plant.
    What is returnable packaging processing?
    13
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Returnable packaging consists of materials that are stored at the customer location but which remain
    the property of the company. The customer is only required to pay for the returnable packaging if he
    does not return it by a specified time.
    Name the two outline agreements in R/3 standard and explain the difference between them.
    Agreements are arrangements between business partners regarding the granting of conditions over a
    specified time period. The agreement contains conditions which apply over a particular time period and
    which are settled together at the same points in time. An agreement can be settled once or
    periodically. The two outline agreements include Contracts and Scheduling Agreements.
    Unlike a contract * which only contains an overall target quantity or value * a scheduling agreement
    also contains specific order quantities and delivery dates.
    How many documents do you create when you release, deliver and invoice the first order
    from a contract?
    Three : Sales order, Delivery note, Invoice.
    What types of output can you have in sales?
    Printer, Telex, Fax, Mail, EDI.
    Can you automate output processing ? Do you always have to specify it manually?
    yes. No.
    Where would you specify which data should be copied (at header, item and schedule line
    level)when you copy from one document to another one?
    Customizing Copy Control.
    SHIPPING
    Describe the flow of data from the sales order into the delivery for header and item and
    schedule line level data?
    Header à Header
    Item à Header, Item.
    Schedule line à Item.
    Can you combine several sales orders into one delivery document ? If no, why not? If yes,
    would the system check certain criteria? What criteria?
    No. When ship*to party or plant is different.
    Yes. Availability of all items are confirmed.
    Name a few prerequisites that have to be fulfilled if you want to create a delivery for the order.
    Header Level
    There cannot be a delivery block at header level.
    The sales document must contain at least one item due for delivery before a delivery can be created
    for this document.
    Item Level and Schedule Line Level
    The schedule line must be due for shipping on the specified selection date.
    A schedule line becomes due for shipping as soon as the material availability date or the transportation
    scheduling date is reached.
    The schedule line cannot be blocked for delivery.
    The delivery quantity must be greater than one.
    The items in the order must be fully processed.
    If they are incomplete, you must first edit the incompleteness log in the order. You will find
    information on the incompleteness log in the R/3 SD online documentation on sales.
    The product status of the material must permit delivery.
    For example, the product status for new products which have not been released for delivery does not
    allow them to be included in a delivery.
    Sufficient quantity of the material must be available.
    If you create a delivery, would this automatically update the sales order?
    14
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Yes. The delivery status of the entire order results from the delivery status of the items. Until all items
    in the order have been fully delivered, the order has the status "Partially delivered". The entire
    document acquires the status of fully delivered once all the items have been fully delivered.
    Name the different ways of creating deliveries.
    Partial Deliveries, Complete Deliveries, Deliveries without reference, Grouped Deliveries.
    How does the system determine the shipping point and the route in the sales order?
    A shipping point can be determined for each order item. How the shipping point is determined depends
    on three factors:
    The shipping conditions from the customer master record (Shipping screen). A condition might be that
    the goods are to be delivered to the customer as soon as possible.
    The loading group from the material master record (Sales/Plant Data screen).You could, for example,
    specify a loading group that defines that the goods must always be loaded with a crane or a fork lift.
    The delivering plant. This plant is determined per order item either from the customer master record
    or from the material master record. However, you can also enter it manually for each order item. You
    will find detailed information on determining the delivering plant in the sales order in the R/3 SD online
    documentation on sales.
    Can you change the shipping point determined in the sales order manually?
    Yes.
    If you have several shipping points in a sales order at item level. What would that have on
    the delivery?
    Each item will individual deliveries.
    Why would you carry out route determination in the delivery again?
    To reconfirm the weight of the item.
    At which different levels can you specify pick/pack and loading time?
    Shipping point determination level : loading time.
    Route determination level : pick/pack time.
    Where do you specify the departure zone and the arrival zone for route determination?
    Shipping point, Ship*to party.
    How can the route influence the material availability date?
    Transit time & Transportation lead time.
    Why would you carry out availability check in the delivery?
    The availability check is calculated using planned inward and outward movements of goods. Therefore
    the delivery situation might have changed in the meantime due to unforeseen circumstances, such as
    lost output. The availability check in the delivery takes any such changes into account.
    Where would you store partial/complete shipment agreements and over/under delivery
    tolerances?
    Customer Master and Customer Material Information.
    Explain the effects of printing out the picking list.
    Updates the picking quantity in the delivery.
    How does the system automatically determine the picking storage location in the delivery?
    Storage Condition.
    Shipping Point.
    Plant.
    What is a transfer order and for what would you use it?
    Document used to support every stock movement in the warehouse.
    It contains all the important movement data, such as the material to be transferred, the quantity to be
    transferred, the storage bins involved, and so on
    Define a shipping unit?
    15
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    Combination of materials which are packed together in a shipping material at a particular time.
    Shipping units contain items which in turn are made up of shipping units or delivery items.
    What effects does goods issue have?
    When the goods have left your plant, the business transaction is regarded as completed from the point
    of view of shipping. When goods are issued, the following functions take place in the system:
    The material stock is reduced by the goods issue quantity and the corresponding value changes take
    place in accounting. This ensures that the quantity and value flows are parallel.
    Material requirements for the delivery are reduced
    The delivery status is updated
    If you bill after goods issue, the delivery enters the billing work list
    How can you delete a good issue?
    You cannot cancel a goods issue posting in isolation. You are also unable to change goods issue
    quantities. If you make a mistake when processing a delivery, or if the goods are damaged leaving
    your plant and cannot be delivered, you must cancel the entire business transaction.
    Procedure
    After you have invoiced the delivery, for which the incorrect goods issue posting was carried
    out, proceed as follows:
    1. Enter a returns order (order type RE) for the customer and the material involved.
    2. Create a returns delivery for the returns order. The system proposes the delivery type. The
    delivery quantities in the returns delivery must correspond to the goods issue quantities in the
    incorrect goods issue document.
    3. Post "goods issue" for the returns delivery. The system automatically recognizes the returns
    delivery as goods receipt and clears the original goods issue posting by carrying out reverse
    posting.
    4. Invoice the business transaction with a returns credit memo. The system proposes billing
    type. The original billing document for the incorrect goods issue document is cleared by this
    credit memo.
    Is it possible to work without specifying a pick/pack or loading time for a shipping point?
    Yes.
    When do you initiate packing activity*before or after goods issue? What is the material type
    for shipping material?
    Before goods issue . VERP.
    When you post goods issue after packing, which two documents do you create?
    Picking List, Invoice.
    Can the delivery quantity and the picking quantity in the delivery document be *different?
    Yes.
    PRICING
    Could you explain what condition technique in SAP is?
    Hierarchy of elements defining a data combination which leads to certain actions.
    In pricing the condition technique refers to the method by which the system determines prices from
    information stored in condition records. In Sales and Distribution, the various elements used in the
    condition technique are set up and controlled in Customizing. During sales order processing, the
    system uses the condition technique to determine a variety of important pricing information.
    Name three areas/processes which use condition technique in SD?
    Material determination, Output determination, Account determination.
    16
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    What are the four basic elements of condition technique?
    Condition Types, Condition Tables, Access Sequences, Pricing Procedures.
    Please explain graphically the relationship between the four basic elements in condition techniques?
    Procedures à Condition Types à Access Sequence à Condition Tables à Condition Records.
    Explain what a pricing procedure is?
    The primary job of a pricing procedure is to define a group of condition types in a particular sequence.
    The pricing procedure also determines:
    Which sub*totals appear during pricing
    To what extent pricing can be influenced manually
    Which method the system uses to calculate percentage discounts and surcharges
    which requirements for a particular condition type must be fulfilled before the system takes the
    condition into account.
    Explain what a condition table and an access sequence is and the relationship between
    them?
    A condition table defines the combination of fields (the key) that identifies an individual condition
    record. A condition record is how the system stores the specific condition data that you enter in the
    system as condition records. For example, when you enter the price for a product or a special discount
    for a good customer, you create individual condition records.
    An access sequence is a search strategy that the system uses to find valid data for a particular
    condition type. It determines the sequence in which the system searches for data. The access
    sequence consists of one or more accesses. The sequence of the accesses establishes which condition
    records have priority over others. The accesses tell the system where to look first, second, and so on,
    until it finds a valid condition record. You specify an access sequence for each condition type for which
    you create condition records.
    What is a condition type? What are the two main groups of condition types?
    A condition type is a representation in the system of some aspect of your daily pricing activities. For
    example, you can define a different condition type for each kind of price, discount, or surcharge that
    occurs in your business transactions.
    Fixed Amount & Percentage.
    Is SD the only module that uses condition technique?
    No.
    What is a condition supplement and why would you use it?
    A condition supplement is a supplement for a particular condition type. For example, you can include a
    supplement every time you apply a material price. The supplement can contain various discounts.
    During pricing, the system automatically applies the discounts defined in the supplement every time it
    accesses a material price. You define for which condition types you want to use condition supplements
    in Customizing for Sales.
    Which partner function is relevant when it comes to tax calculation in the sales order?
    Ship*to party.
    Name at least three different condition types in pricing?
    Price, Discounts, Freight. PROO, K007, KF00.
    You can create scales for prices and discounts. Name the four possible scale basis in R/3.
    Value, Quantity, Gross weight, Net weight, Volume.
    Where would you specify that a condition type is a discount or a surcharge?
    In Condition Type Details Screen.
    If somebody adds price elements manually in the sales order or if somebody changes a
    discount the system determined automatically, do you have a possibility to see that in the
    sales order?
    Yes.
    You want to list all condition records for a certain material or a certain sales organization.
    How would you do that?
    17
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    By creating Pricing Reports.
    Does the pricing procedure apply for the pricing data at item level or for the pricing data at
    header level?
    Both.
    When you create a header condition manually in the sales order the system can copy the values in
    different ways to the items. Where would you specify how the system should process?
    Condition Type.
    Which data do you have to maintain in SD so that the system can determine the sales taxes
    in the sales order automatically?
    Tax rate with or without Jurisdiction.
    What does the condition exclusion indicator do for you?
    The system can exclude conditions so that they are not taken into account during pricing in sales
    documents.
    Can you explain what a statistical condition is? Give an example for a statistical condition?
    VPRS.
    For what do you use customer hierarchies?
    Pricing , Rebate.
    Can you track cumulative values in R/3? If yes, it could be based on what?
    Yes. Maximum Value, Maximum Orders, Maximum Quantity.
    If you want to make sure that conditions records apply for a certain time period only what
    would you have to do?
    Validity Period to be specified in condition record.
    What is a group condition?
    Condition which can be used to determine a scale value based on more than one item in a document.
    The system groups the items using either the condition key for the appropriate condition record or a
    separately defined condition key.
    Name the influencing factors for pricing procedure determination during sales order entry?
    Customer, Sales Document Type and Sales Area.
    Can you copy condition records? If yes, are there any restrictions?
    Yes. Field specific.
    If you create a new condition type*do you also have to create a new condition table and a
    new access sequence?
    Yes.
    Where can you specify that a condition is mandatory?
    In Pricing Procedure.
    Tax jurisdiction processing is a close link between which two modules?
    FI & SD.
    Do you have to create a condition record for taxes in the SD application?
    Yes.
    BILLING
    Name several billing types?
    F1 : Order related Invoice F2 : Delivery related invoice.
    F5 : Proforma Invoice for Sales Order F8 : Proforma Invoice for Delivery.
    Can you delete an invoice?
    No. You can cancel it and create cancellation document.
    18
    SD SAMPLE CERTIFIED QUESTION
    When you create an invoice in SD, how do you post it to FI?
    Select Billing document à Release To Accounting.
    The system displays a message that the accounting document has been saved. If the billing document
    contains an error, the reason for not forwarding the document is displayed. If the release was
    successful, the posting status in the billing document is set to C (accounting document has been
    created). You find the posting status by selecting Header à Details in the billing document.
    When you create an invoice can you carry out pricing again?
    Yes.
    From which documents can you create a proforma invoice?
    Based on sales order or delivery.
    Do you transfer a proforma invoice to FI ? If yes, how? If no, how do you customize the
    system in a way that the proforma invoice is not transferred to FI?
    No. Billing status not assigned to proforma invoice. Posting bock in the billing document.
    When you create a credit memo request do you always have to refer to a sales order or any
    other previous document?
    Only sales order.
    In R/3 how can you make sure that invoices for a customer are always created at a specific
    date?
    Billing Schedule.
    Can you combine deliveries into one invoice? When would you do that?
    Yes. If the header data and header partners for specified delivery or sales order are identical and if
    requirements for splitting do not apply.
    Can you combine orders into one invoice?
    Yes.
    Can you split deliveries into several invoices? When would you do that?
    Yes . If the data from the related reference documents differs in the header fields of the billing
    document. The system will automatically split the invoice.
    For what do you use the billing due list? What previous step in the process is necessary that
    a delivery appears in the billing due list?
    Selection criteria u2013 sold*to party, billing date or receiving partner.
    a) separate invoice for each delivery
    b) split one sales order for delivery into several invoices.
    c) combine several sales orders for delivery into one invoice.
    Name the five possible influencing factors for account determination for invoices?
    Chart of accounts of the company code
    Sales organization
    Account assignment group of the customer (from the customer master record, Billing screen, Account
    group field)
    Account assignment group of the material (from the material master record, Sales 2 screen, Account
    assignment group field)
    Account key (from the pricing procedure)
    Can one business area be valid for several company codes?
    Yes.

  • Urgent SQL question : how to flip vertical row values to horizontal ?

    Hello, Oracle people !
    I have an urgent SQL question : (simple for you)
    using SELECT statement, how to convert vertical row values to horizontal ?
    For example :
    (Given result-set)
    MANAGER COLUMN1 COLUMN2 COLUMN3
    K. Smith ......1
    K. Smith ...............1
    K. Smith ........................1
    (Needed result-set)
    MANAGER COLUMN1 COLUMN2 COLUMN3
    K. Smith ......1 .......1 .......1
    I know you can, just don't remeber how and can't find exactly answer I'm looking for. Probably using some analytic SQL function (CAST OVER, PARTITION BY, etc.)
    Please Help !!!
    Thanx !
    Steve.

    [email protected]> column vice_president format a30
    [email protected]> SELECT f.VICE_PRESIDENT, A.DAYS_5, B.DAYS_10, C.DAYS_20, D.DAYS_30, E.DAYS_40
      2  FROM   (select t2.*,
      3                row_number () over
      4                  (partition by vice_president
      5                   order by days_5, days_10, days_20, days_30, days_40) rn
      6            from   t2) f,
      7           (SELECT T2.*,
      8                row_number () over (partition by vice_president order by days_5) RN
      9            FROM   T2 WHERE DAYS_5 IS NOT NULL) A,
    10           (SELECT T2.*,
    11                row_number () over (partition by vice_president order by days_10) RN
    12            FROM   T2 WHERE DAYS_10 IS NOT NULL) B,
    13           (SELECT T2.*,
    14                row_number () over (partition by vice_president order by days_20) RN
    15            FROM   T2 WHERE DAYS_20 IS NOT NULL) C,
    16           (SELECT T2.*,
    17                row_number () over (partition by vice_president order by days_30) RN
    18            FROM   T2 WHERE DAYS_30 IS NOT NULL) D,
    19           (SELECT T2.*,
    20                row_number () over (partition by vice_president order by days_40) RN
    21            FROM   T2 WHERE DAYS_40 IS NOT NULL) E
    22  WHERE  f.VICE_PRESIDENT = A.VICE_PRESIDENT (+)
    23  AND    f.VICE_PRESIDENT = B.VICE_PRESIDENT (+)
    24  AND    f.VICE_PRESIDENT = C.VICE_PRESIDENT (+)
    25  AND    f.VICE_PRESIDENT = D.VICE_PRESIDENT (+)
    26  AND    f.VICE_PRESIDENT = E.VICE_PRESIDENT (+)
    27  AND    f.RN = A.RN (+)
    28  AND    f.RN = B.RN (+)
    29  AND    f.RN = C.RN (+)
    30  AND    f.RN = D.RN (+)
    31  AND    f.RN = E.RN (+)
    32  and    (a.days_5 is not null
    33            or b.days_10 is not null
    34            or c.days_20 is not null
    35            or d.days_30 is not null
    36            or e.days_40 is not null)
    37  /
    VICE_PRESIDENT                     DAYS_5    DAYS_10    DAYS_20    DAYS_30    DAYS_40
    Fedele Mark                                                          35473      35209
    Fedele Mark                                                          35479      35258
    Schultz Christine                              35700
    South John                                                                      35253
    Stack Kevin                                    35701      35604      35402      35115
    Stack Kevin                                    35705      35635      35415      35156
    Stack Kevin                                    35706      35642      35472      35295
    Stack Kevin                                    35707      35666      35477
    Stack Kevin                                               35667      35480
    Stack Kevin                                               35686
    Unknown                             35817      35698      35596      35363      35006
    Unknown                                        35702      35597      35365      35149
    Unknown                                        35724      35599      35370      35155
    Unknown                                                   35600      35413      35344
    Unknown                                                   35601      35451      35345
    Unknown                                                   35602      35467
    Unknown                                                   35603      35468
    Unknown                                                   35607      35475
    Unknown                                                   35643      35508
    Unknown                                                   35644
    Unknown                                                   35669
    Unknown                                                   35684
    Walmsley Brian                                 35725      35598
    23 rows selected.

  • SEM -BPS / CPM / SRM Certification Questions

    Does anyone have the certification questions for SEM-BPS,CPM, SRM. Could you pls share with me. Also can someone share their experiences like study methodology etc...
    Pls email the same to me at [email protected]
    thanks in advance

    Please go through minute details from the literature - book
    Whatever you feel is important - line by line - mark them and make some questions out of them
    It should help tremendously - nothing much from the system itself
    best of luck - Sridhar

  • Sample Certification Questions Required for SAP HCM

    Dear HR Gurus
    I am searching for some sample SAP HR certification questions. Inc ase any one of you have such a question bank, please let me also know.
    Points Awaiting
    Regards
    Lokesh Gupta

    1. SAP Overview
    1. Explain the structure of the client/server framework.
    2. Project Implementation Tools
    1. What is the IMG?
    2. What is a project IMG?
    3. Basics of Human Resources
    1. What are the most important processes supported in Human Resources (HR)?
    2. What are the most important structures in HR?
    3. What is meant by Employee Self-Service?
    4. What ways are there to select an Infotype?
    5. How do you hire a new employee?
    6. Which steps make up the payroll process?
    7. Why is there a cross-application time sheet? What are the possible target components?
    8. What is the purpose of time evaluation?
    9. Which reporting tools do you know of?
    10. How is the recruitment component integrated with the other HR components?
    11. What is an applicant action?
    12. What is the difference between qualifications and requirements?
    13. What is the difference between career planning and succession planning? What is a development plan?
    14. Describe the day-to-day activities in Training and Event Management.
    15. What is the appraisal system component used for?
    16. What are the main functions of Compensation Management?
    17. What personnel cost planning methods are there in SAP HR?
    18. Which Infotypes do you need to implement Travel Management?
    4. Organizational Management
    1. What are plan versions used for?
    2. What are the basic object types?
    3. What is the difference between a job and a position?
    4. What is the difference between an organizational unit and a work center?
    5. Where can you maintain relationships between objects?
    6. What are the main areas of the Organization and Staffing user interfaces?
    7. What is Expert Mode used for?
    8. Can you create cost centers in Expert Mode?
    9. Can you assign people to jobs in Expert Mode?
    10. Can you use the organizational structure to create a matrix organization?
    11. In general structure maintenance, is it possible to represent the legal entity of organizational units?
    12. What is the Object Infotype (1000) used for?
    13. What is the Relationships Infotype (1001) used for?
    14. Which status can Infotypes in the Organizational Management component have?
    15. What is an evaluation path?
    16. What is Managers Desktop used for?
    17. Is it possible to set up new evaluation paths in Customizing?
    18. Which situations require new evaluation paths?
    19. How do you set up integration between Personnel Administration and Organizational Management?
    5. Master Data
    1. Which elements make up the enterprise structure?
    2. Which elements make up the personnel structure?
    3. Which elements make up the organizational structure?
    4. Which criteria play a role in establishing these structures?
    5. Which control features are controlled using the personnel subarea?
    6. Which control features are controlled using the employee subgroup?
    7. What is a payroll area?
    8. What is an Infotype?
    9. Which criteria determine payroll areas?
    10. What is the organizational key used for?
    11. In which Infotype are administrators defined?
    12. Why are administrators defined?
    13. What can features be used for?
    14. What is the connection between Planned Working Time (Infotype 7) and Basic Pay (Infotype 8)?
    15. Which ways are there to define default values for the pay scale area and pay scale type?
    16. What is the employee subgroup grouping for collective agreement provisions used for?
    17. Where are pay scale groups and pay scale levels defined?
    18. How are wage types created in the SAP R/3 system?
    19. Can all wage types be entered into all Infotypes?
    20. What does the input permissibility of a wage type depend upon?
    21. What is the personnel subarea grouping for primary wage types used for?
    22. What is the employee subgroup grouping for primary wage types used for?
    23. What ways are there to valuate wage types? Where are wage type valuations defined?
    24. How can you evaluate wage types indirectly?
    25. How can you define default wage types for the Basic Pay Infotype?
    26. What ways are there to perform pay scale reassignments?
    27. What ways are there to perform standard pay increases?
    28. What is the difference between the simple and extended pay increases?
    29. Can several personnel actions be performed on the same day?
    30. What is the Additional Actions Infotype used for?
    31. If an employee leaves the enterprise, are all Infotypes delimited?
    32. Which control options do you have for Customizing when configuring Infotypes?
    33. Can a screen in HR data consist of several Infotypes?
    34. Which ways are there to modify screens in Customizing?
    35. What is an Infotype menu and what is its purpose?
    36. What is an info group? What is a personnel action?
    37. How can a personnel action change the status feature of an employee in Infotype 0000?
    38. How are personnel actions and dynamic actions linked?
    6. Authorizations
    1. What is a role and what is it made up of?
    2. How are the authorizations in a role maintained?
    3. Are authorization objects or profiles assigned to users?
    4. Which authorization object can you use to control an employee’s access to his or her own personal data?
    5. What are the main advantages of the Profile Generator?
    6. Can roles and their authorization profiles be assigned to a user for a limited time period?
    7. How do you create structural profiles?
    7. Payroll
    1. How does the system know when to trigger retroactive accounting for a particular employee?
    2. How is the earliest retroactive accounting date determined for an employee?
    3. What is the payroll control record used for?
    4. Is the exact date of the payroll period for an employee determined by the payroll area or the payroll control record?
    5. What activities are possible when the payroll control record is set to “Released for Payroll”?
    6. Is it possible to branch directly from the payroll log to master data and time data maintenance?
    7. What is Matchcode W used for?
    8. What effect does grouping employee subgroups have on personnel calculation rules?
    9. Can you evaluate payroll results using SAP Query/Ad Hoc Query?
    10. What steps are required to post payroll results to Accounting?
    11. Can a posting run be deleted?
    12. Where do you specify whether an employee is paid in cash or whether the money is transferred to a bank account?
    8. Time Data
    1. What are the basic concepts for recording time data?
    2. What steps are required to set up work schedules?
    3. Can you define your own public holidays?
    4. How do you define which public holiday calendar is valid for an employee?
    5. Which characteristics does a public holiday class blank have?
    6. Is there an employee subgroup grouping for daily work schedules?
    7. What is a variant of a daily work schedule?
    8. Is there an employee subgroup grouping for time quotas?
    9. What ways are there to define breaks within a break schedule?
    10. Which characteristics does a daily work schedule with daily work schedule class 1 have?
    11. Which elements make up a period work schedule?
    12. Which characteristic does a day with day type 1 have?
    13. Which ways are there of representing part-time work in the SAP R/3 system?
    14. Which ways are there of representing substitutions in the SAP R/3 system?
    15. What is the difference between absences (Infotype 2001) and attendances (Infotype 2002)?
    16. What is an absence quota? Give examples.
    17. What is the difference between a validity interval and a deduction interval for time quotas?
    18. You need to deduct an absence from a quota. Which Customizing settings are required?
    19. Should a quota be assigned directly to an absence?
    20. What is the remuneration Infotype used for?
    21. What are counting rules used for?
    22. Can you set up default values to create absence quotas?
    23. Can you generate absence quotas?
    24. What is the schema TQTA used for?
    25. What ways are there of entering information for Controlling when recording time data in the Time Management Infotypes?
    9. Reporting in Human Resources Management
    1. Which reporting tools are available in Human Resources Management?
    2. Is the Business Information Warehouse part of the SAP R/3 system?
    3. What is HIS?
    4. Where do you find standard reports in HR?
    5. Can you also evaluate cross-client data with standard reports?
    6. Can customer-specific reports be incorporated in the Managers Desktop?
    7. What is a logical database used for?
    8. Which logical databases exist in HR?
    9. What is a user group, what is an infoset and how are the two related?
    10. What is a field group? Give examples from HR.
    11. What are selection and output fields?
    12. What can an Ad Hoc Query be used for?
    13. What are the steps for configuring an SAP Query?
    14. What are payroll Infotypes used for?
    u can get some more questions if usearch the form
    includeing these questions also

  • Certification Question on SAP HANA

    Hello All,
    It would be great if you can share some sample certification questions on SAP HANA.
    Thanks & regards,
    Jomy
    Edited by: Jomy123 on Jan 20, 2012 12:35 PM

    Hi,
    Please find the below links that may helpful for preparing the exam..
    1. http://www.bluefinsolutions.com/insights/blog/the_sap_hana_faq_answering_key_sap_in_memory_questions/
    2. http://peopleprocesstech.com/2011/09/21/sap-hana-and-the-strange-details-of-hardware-certification/
    3. http://dhigtana.wordpress.com/2011/11/24/sap-hana-certification-from-sap-education/
    Good Luck!
    Regards,
    Neha

  • Xi sample Certification questions

    hello all..
    can some one pls provide me with the sample Certification questions for Xi...
    [email protected]
    any help wud be highly appreciated..
    regards..
    vishal

    Hi,
    here are some addresses of people who could help you?
    /thread/25311 [original link is broken]
    Best regards
    Dirk

  • XI Certification Question

    Hi,
    Can anyone send me the XI Sample Certification Question? Points will be rewards if it useful. Please look at SDN Business card to get my Email ID.
    Thanks in advance
    Raja T

    Hi Suresh
    Can you please forward XI questions to [email protected]
    Appreciate your help in this regard
    Thank you
    Jhansi

  • SAP SD Certification Material and Certification Questions.

    Hello Dear Friends,
                              I am appearing for SAP SD Certification in the month of June on behalf of my Company. I am starting to prepare right from now. I request you to send me all the Certification Material, Certification Questions and syllabus along with any Power Point Presentation of the Material and imp tips and other impostant information to my email id.
    [email protected] and [email protected] I also request you to share the experience if anybody has completed the certication of SAP SD.
    Looking forward for your reply,
    Thanks and Regards,
    Farhan Farooq.

    Hi;
    Please state which scenario of SD you're certifying?
    please select from the alphabetical list, thanks
    SAP Integration and Certification Center (SAP ICC)–Integration Scenario - Interface Reference Table [original link is broken]
    Regards/Phil

  • Certification Question SAP FICO

    Hi friends
    Hi have my certification exam in first weak of November 2007 (SAP FICO). Please send type certification questions so that i can prepare well.
    Thank you very much in advance
    Rajesh
    Edited by: Ian Kehoe on Oct 13, 2009 4:37 PM

    Below is the link for SAP FI Ecc6 sample questions.. this is vey useful
    http://www.daypo.net/certification-fi-v6-0.html
    The format of the question are in same sets as in real certification examination giving you a mock test feel.
    Hope it helps
    pls assign points as way to say thanks

  • Certification Question [Off topic?]

    This doesn't have to do much with Java programming, but I couldn't find a certification board, and I figured I'd ask here before making an account at javaranch.com.
    Here's my question: I have purchased an exam ticket for the Java 5 SCJP exam, and I have bought it through sun.com. The page says that the exam may only be taken in the country in which the ticket was purchased. I purchased the ticket through the US site, but I am currently in Canada. It would be very convenient for me to take the test while I am in Canada as the exam center is only 4 blocks away, while the closest US testing center is a 30 minute drive away from my home in California. I've done a bit of searching and it appears that the US Sun training department also manages the Canadian training programs as well, so I'm wondering if I will be able to take the test in Canada.
    Thanks.

    At this link there is a mail link for certification questions.
    http://www.sun.com/training/contact_us/index.html
    Either call them directly or email them with your specific problem. They should be able to help.
    JJ

  • C- project certification question and material

    Hi Gurus,
    I want to know is there any cretification for  SAP C- Projects  could you please let me if any one has SAP done c-project certification questions, or any relevant sites wherein I can get the same.
    Thanks in advance for your help,
    Thanks
    Ashish

    Hi Ashish,
    cProjects being a part of the PLM package, you would need to undergo SAP PLM certification. As per my knowledge, there is no separate cProjects suite certification available.
    However, there are training programs conducted by SAP for cProjects and xRPM. You may get the details regarding these from the marketplace. Please refer https://websmp101.sap-ag.de/partnerportal/apj/home
    Let me know if this helps.
    Regards,
    Vivek Pandey

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