Capacity Planning vs. Capacity Leveling

My production facility is looking to divide up our shop floor by work centers.  There are about 20 individual work centers that are composed of 10 people each.  Each material we make is divided up into 3 operations which go through 3 separate work centers.  Each operation has a corresponding work center that it goes through.
Right now we are unsure which program suits our needs better, Capacity Planning or Capacity Leveling.
Our goal is to measure each individual work center (not the workers that make up the work center).  Each work center has a specific goal involving the number of materials they can produce, whether or not they reached that goal and by how many.
In a nutshell, we want to be able to measure how long it took each work center to reach their individual goals by the materials they produce.
This is all about measuring the individual work centers and how efficient they are.  Our goal is to be able to utilize this data within SAP.
What is the difference between Capacity Planning and Capacity Leveling, and which would better suit our goals?
Our production facility is not very complicated and we're looking for something simple and basic within SAP to accomplish these goals.
All help is appreciated.  What would be your recommendations for this type of situation?

Capacity evaluation
In the capacity evaluation, available capacity and capacity requirements are determined and compared with each other in lists or graphics.
Capacity leveling
The objectives of capacity leveling are:
Optimal capacity commitment
Selection of appropriate resources
In most applications, you can use two types of planning table (graphical and tabular versions) to display the capacity situation and to carry out capacity leveling.
In some applications such as Repetitive Manufacturing (PP-REM) or Sales and Operations Planning (PP-SOP), there are application-specific planning tables for capacity leveling.
T codes for Capacity Planning
Work Center view - Capacity Evaluation
CM01 - Load
CM02 - Orders
CM03 - Pool
CM04 - Backlog
CM05 - Overload
Capacity Leveling
CM21,CM22, CM27,CM28.
Hope it will help u
Anupam Sharma

Similar Messages

  • Capacity planning: detailed capacity list

    How to save layout of capacity planning: detailed capacity list (CM01) after choosing fields in report?

    Can you please step on how to save the capaciity list?

  • How is Reqmts calculated in CM01( capacity Planning: Detailed Capacity List.

    I believe Reqmts is the difference between the 'To be confirmed' and 'confirmed hours'.
    If let suppose standard hours for a part to be manufacture is 100hrs and we have already work 52 hrs off 100hrs then if i go and look up this order in CM01 then the Reqmts should say 48hr (100-52).
    But when I am going to CM01 it still saying 100 hours which is not correct. Can some one help me solve this issue

    Hi Pankaj,
    Once confirmation is done, hours must be deducted and it should show the remaining hours in CM01 based on the below settings in work center/resource in Capacity tab.
    Control: Calc. of Remaining Req./Duration After Confirmation
    Controls how, after partial confirmations the
    Remaining capacity requirement and
    Remaining duration in a rescheduling is calculated.
    The following are possible:
         Formula-Related: The remaining requirement / remaining duration of a
         partially confirmed operation is determined when the formula defined in the work
         center is evaluated. It is the remaining quantity and not the operation quantity
         that is taken into account after the confirmation.
         Completely for Partial Confirmation: The remaining requirement /
         remaining duration is reduced completely when there is a partial
         Completely for Final Confirmation: The remaining requirement /
         remaining duration is reduced completely when there is a final confirmation.
         There is no adjustment through partial confirmations.
         Proportional to Service: The remaining requirement / remaining
         duration of a partially-confirmed operation is reduced proportional to the
         service that is assigned to the relevant capacity segment in the work center in
         your record type group.
    When there is a final confirmation the remaining capacity requirement of the
    operation is always completely reduced.
    Please check your settings accordingly.

  • Capacity planning for inspection

         I would like to plan for capacity required to complete inspection lots at our labs. This should include inspection types for 01, 03, 04 and 08. Is there a way I can do this in SAP ? I am planning to use an enhancement and create a planned order for every inspection lot (1:1 relation). But I don't know how that will work. Does anyone have any ideas ?

    Hi GS,
    I think that's a good question, might not have been explored much.
    I think, you can try to utilize the potential of "Quality Work Center" attached to inspection operations, and activate Machine and Labor as capacity categories, use relevant formulas and try the standard Capacity planning process for PP.
    For more details, please go through the links -
    2. Capacity planning - ERP Operations - SCN Wiki
    3. Capacity Planning (PP-CRP) - SAP Library
    Please do further search on this subject and work with PP consultant to use this functionality. Finally share your results once you are done

  • Capacity planning at Planned order level

    Dear All,
                      In my current scenario i'm able to see load of process orders against the workcenter in CM01. My requirement is to do capacity levelling at the planned order level.
             I have created Production version also & attached to the planned order. Still in CM01  no load or planned order is shown on workcenter.
    when i convert it into process order then it shows load / process order.
    pl.let me know how i can do the capacity planning at planned order level.
    Thanx & regards,

                       In MD12 when click on Go to > Capacity Levelling >
    Error Message : No work centers with capacity requirements were found
    I have given formula : SAP006 in capacity & Relevant to finite schedulling indicator is also active.
    what may be the cause ?
    thanx & regards,

  • Capacity Planning & capacity leveling

    Dear All,
    If we have two Sales Orders in the same date for two different materials which will use the same work center for processing, and if we run the MRP then two planned orders will be generated. Here according to the capacity planning the system will calculate the number of days required to process in the work center and the job will be assigned to the work center for planned order 1. Then when the system tries to allocate jobs from the planned order 2 to the same work order then the system will show the over load. Then we have to do capacity leveling to remove the over load.
    But the clientu2019s requirement is that when the system calculates the available capacity of a work center in the planning horizon, the system should not consider the time for which the job is already assigned from the planned order 1. And the system should assign the job from the planned order 2 to the work centeru2019s available (capacity) time excluding the (capacity) time for which the job is already assigned from the planned order 1 in that planning horizon. If there is no Available capacity in that planning horizon then the system shall show the over load and then the client shall go for the capacity leveling.
    How to go about Please help.

    Hello Satish,
    Let me understand you issue:
    You would like system to give overload only when there is no capacity available in planning horizon.
    Did you try using tabular planning board ? Tabular planning board uses bucket principle. It will give overload only when the whole bucket is full. It will not check the date and time of planned order # 1. While allocating capacity to plannined order # 2, the bucket's full capacity will be checked.  In your case try allocation bucket size equal to your planning horizon period.

  • Capacity planning and levelling

    My client has around 8 different production areas and I have created 8 different order types,production schedulers,capacity planner groups and production scheduling profiles for the same. I have also created a list profile,selection profile, graphical profile, optional profile and an overall profile with my understanding.
    1. I want to see for a given production area, In the morning, the user has to take the list of work centres pertaining to his area and fix priorities. In case he wants to move certain orders to next day and want to insert new orders in place of that, how to do this?
    2. How can I utilise the feature of capacity planning, to evaluate my capacity requirements for new projects?
    3. I want the step by step instructions for doing the capacity levelling both in graphical/tabular forms. Also please explain the purpose of different profiles used for capacity planning like selection,option,list etc.
    Sridharan M

    Capacity planning comprises the following partial components:
    Capacity Evaluation
    In the capacity evaluation, available capacity and capacity requirements are determined and compared with each other in lists or graphics.
    You can use capacity evaluations to analyze capacity loads in your company.
    Capacity leveling
    The objectives of capacity leveling are:
    1.     Optimal capacity commitment
    2.     Selection of appropriate resources
    3.     In most applications, you can use two types of planning table (graphical and tabular versions) to display the capacity situation and to carry out capacity leveling.
    4.     In some applications such as Repetitive Manufacturing (PP-REM) or Sales and Operations Planning (PP-SOP), there are application-specific planning tables for capacity leveling.
    The objectives of capacity leveling include:
    u2022     Leveling overloads and under loads at work centers
    u2022     Achieving optimum commitment of machines and production lines
    u2022     Selection of appropriate resources
    Dispatching Operations
    Dispatching operations is the main function of capacity leveling. Operations are dispatched to the time when there is sufficient capacity for them to be executed. You can also dispatch sub-operations and work elements.

  • Capacity Planning & levelling

    Hi all,
    Pls help me with the below situation
    I have three machine
    1.IMM-01: Injection molding machine
    3. IMM-03
    I usually get the customer requirment through mail.
    Based on the tentative plan & current stock we need to make monthly  capacity plan for each machin & its occupancy load should not exceed 85%. Based on the Customer req I need to plan the machine which is having lesser occupancy.
    I need to get the details in single sheet (Monthly capacity plan)
    Available hr: 744
    Days :31 days
    Material              Cycle time/sec      Planned Qty nos     Capacity %
    Front Cover-1    75                            20000                    ???
    Front Cover-2    75                            20000                    ???
    Front Cover-3    85                            20000                    ???
    Material              Cycle time/sec      Planned Qty nos     Capacity %
    Back Cover-1    75                            20000                    ???
    Back Cover-2    75                            20000                    ???
    Back Cover-3    85                            20000                    ???
    Material              Cycle time/sec      Planned Qty nos     Capacity %
    Side Cover- 1    75                            20000                    ???
    Side Cover- 2    75                            20000                    ???
    Side Cover- 3    85                            20000                    ???
    Thanks & regards

    I assume that you have Capacity Requirement Planning set up in place .
    You can check the Work Centre capacity overload  or capacity analsisy in CM05/CM01 day wise /week wise all those set up .
    Please enter work centre , plant code -Hit standrad view -goto general option -setting -select periods Day .By default it will come  as week .Or you can execute and then choose Profile -Option Profile -Select SAPB010 day wise .Like wise you can analise the caapctiy situation .
    Capacity level in spossble throuh CM21-Work Centre wise Graphaical View -Select the operationj against planned order -Hit dispatch button at the top -if you have available capacity on the required date , time , then those operation will be dispatched and also you will recieve the Scehduling Log.
    I think you should try this frist in sandbox to simulate the business requirement based on your CRP set up.
    You can also use call function  : CBP_EXC_WC_CAPACITY_REQUEST'  for   available capacity of a work center and use CY01_DISPATCHING_OPR_DATES_CHK  for dispatch
    refer my earlier thread : Capacity Leveling of Work Center
    Hope this helps
    refer my earlier post rekated to this :

  • Enterprise level capacity planning

    I am trying to look at capacity planning at an enterprise level and wish to get summarized views of captured data across a number of hosts and instances. I would like to be able to see the tablespace stats for all of our instances in one graph or report, and not have to view each one separately. The OEM capacity planner does not seem to provide any such views and from what I have discovered in the repository it looks as though separate tables are created to hold captured data for each instance eg table space data for prod01 will be in table a, tablespace data for xcpt02 will be in table b.
    Has anybody got any ideas on how to use the Capacity Planner for Enterprise Level Capacity Planning?

    About packaging : Always deploy your application in ear format using weblogic
    (not a single war (WEB module) + single jar (EJB module)) Ref
    "WebLogic Server can bypass the intermediate RMI classes because the EJB client
    and implementation are in the same JVM." If you have large data exchange between
    EJB and WEB you're gonne save a lot process time (including garbage collect process
    time to clean RMI object copies). For our application with save up to 7%just
    using ear format for deployment.
    "Raghu Arni" <[email protected]> wrote:
    I am looking for document(s) that describe any real world experiences
    in the
    deployment of applications using the weblogic server.
    I hope to get the following information:
    Server sizing (only Solaris on Sun machines)
    Performance tuning parameters for improved scaling on multi-processor
    Actual clustering scenarios bothe OS level and application level.
    Any pointers are appreciated,

  • Operations are not getting despatched in capacity planning table

    Hi Experts,
    I am using capacity planning table (Graphical) to level the capacities and sequence the process orders. The start date of my orders are very well in future and sufficient capacities also is available in resources. But when I go to CM25 and select one order and click on despatch, system is not despatching it. This is the case for almost all the overall profiles.
    The surprising factor is, this function was working fine earlier without any issues. I havent done any changes in configs which will affect capacity planning.
    What can be the reason for this? Any thoughts please?.
    One more thing. Is there any option to avoid the capacity planning step if Iam using R/3 and manage it by some other way?
    Appreciate your earlier reply
    Thanks & Regards

    Most likely you didnt define the rowsource key properly. Please look under <install>/errors folder for any file there.
    Also, please read the documentation. There is information there about how to troubleshoot a loading problem. Please always read the documentation and we would appreciate feedback on the documentation.

  • Machine capacity planning and efficency

    Dear Guru,
    I have number of machines and i want there individual capacity and efficency can we see that by any report or any tcode to see all capacity of machine.What is capacity leveling.
    Is thee any configuration for capacity planning.
    Thanks in advance

    Hi, the following configuration steps involved in the capacity planning: SPRO --> IMG --> PRODUCTION --> CAPACITY REQUIREMENT PLANNING Capacity Requirements Planning: 1) Define time units 2) Define Capacity Category 3) Set up Capacity Planner. 4) Define parameters 5) Define Standard value key. 6) Define Move time matrix. 7) Define Setup matrix. 8) Define Control Key. 9) Define Shift Sequence. 10) Define Key for performance efficiency rate. 11) Define Formula parameters. 12) Specify Scheduling type. 13) Set up Production scheduler group 14) Select Automatically. 15) Define Scheduling parameters for Production orders 16) Define Scheduling parameters for networks. 17) Define Reduction Strategies planned/ production orders. 18) Define Reduction Strategies for network/process orders. 19) Define Control Profile. 20) Define Selection profile. 21) Define time profile. 22) Define Evaluation profile. 23) Define Strategy Profile. You can follow these above configuration steps in capacity planning Yes you need to active your all work center for the finite scheduling at the bottom of capacity view. Use all standard SAP configurations, Capacity Leveling Profile. Define time profile in OPD2. Define the strategy profile in OPDB Define the Overall profiles in OPD0. Then only you need to to active your all work center for the finite scheduling at the bottom of capacity view in work center.(CR02) Then run MRP with scheduling- 2 Lead time scheduling and capacity planning.(MD02) You will get your capacity requirement in CM01, or CM25/CM21. In rem you can use MF50. -
    OR refer below steps Capacity Planning Evaluation: Use this procedure to Evaluate the Capacity of a Work Center (Resource). The same transaction will be used for finding out the Capacity Overload on the Work Center Select Logistics -> Production -> Capacity Planning -> Evaluation ->Work Center View ->Load and go to the Capacity Planning Selection screen (CM01) Through capacity planning : Standard overview :System will show week wise overload in Red Color. If there is no overload then system will show in the normal color. Date wise Capacity can be overviewed. If there were capacity overload, system would show with Red Color indication and Percentage overload can be viewed. Through capacity planning : Standard overview: Details: Date wise, planned process order wise capacity requirement. Through capacity planning : Standard overview: Graphical: Yellow Color indicates capacity lying un-used. Red Color Bars is the indication for Capacity Overload and Blue Color Bars indicate for Capacity available Use this procedure to Level / Schedule the Capacity of a Work Center Capacity Planning - Levelling/Scheduling: Select Logistics ->Production->Capacity Planning -> Levelling -> Work Center View and go to the Planning Table (Graphical) screen (CM21) Key Points u2022 This would be used for Shop floor production scheduling u2022 Capacity Scheduling is mandatory for correct results of Master Production Schedule and Material Requirement Planning For settings: Define formulas for resources: (OP54) IMG -> Production Planning For Process Industries -> Master Data ->Resource->Capacity requirements planning->Formulas for resources->Define formulas for resources. For formula parameters for Resource/workcentre:(OP51) IMG -> Production Planning For Process Industries -> Master Data ->Resource->Capacity requirements planning->Formulas for resources->Define formula parameters for resources-> Standard Value u2013 Define Parameters (OP7B) IMG -> Production Planning For Process Industries -> Master Data ->Resource-> General Data -> Standard value -> Define Parameters Define standard value key(OP19) IMG -> Production Planning For Process Industries -> Master Data ->Resource-> General Data -> Standard value -> Define Standard Value First configure the below settings in the capacity Planning. 1) Define time units Path : SPRO ->Production-> Capacity Requirements planning ->Master Data-> Define Time units (OPCF) 2) Define Capacity Category Path : SPRO ->Production ->Capacity Requirements planning->Master Data-> Capacity Data ->Define Capacity category. 3) Set up Capacity Planner. Path : SPRO ->Production ->Capacity Requirements planning -> Master Data->Capacity Data -> Set up Capacity Planner 4) Define parameters Path : SPRO->Production ->Capacity Requirements planning -> Master Data ->Work Center Data->Standard value ->Define Parameters (OP7B) 5)Define Move time matrix. Path : SPRO -> Production-> Capacity Requirements Planning -> Master Data-> Work Center Data -> Define Move time Matrix (OPCN) 6) Define Setup matrix. Path : SPRO -> Production ->Capacity Requirements Planning -> Master Data -> Routing data -> Define Setup Time Matrix 7)Define Control Key. Path : SPRO-> Production-> Capacity Requirements Planning -> Master Data ->Routing data -> Define Control Key(OPCG) 8) Define Shift Sequence. Path : SPRO -> Production-> Capacity Requirements Planning -> Operations -> Define Shift Sequences (OP4A) 9) Define Key for performance efficiency rate. Path : SPRO-> Production -> Capacity Requirements Planning -> Operations-> Available Capacity-> Define Key Performance Efficiency Rate (OPDU) 11) Specify Scheduling type. Path : SPRO ->Production ->Capacity requirements Planning->Operations->Scheduling ->Specify Scheduling Type (OPJN) 12) Set up Production scheduler group. Path : SPRO ->Production->Capacity requirements Planning -> Operations -> Scheduling -> Set up Production Scheduler Group (OPCH) 13) Select Automatically. Path : SPRO -> Production -> Capacity Requirements Planning ->Operations->Scheduling ->Task List Type-> Select Automatically (OPJF) 14) Define Scheduling parameters for Production orders. Path : SPRO -> Production ->Capacity Requirements Planning-> Operations->Scheduling -> Define Scheduling Parameters for Production orders (OPU3) 15) Define Reduction Strategies planned/ production orders. Spro-> Production->Capacity reqirements planning->operations->Scheduling->Reduction strategies->Define reduction strategies planned-/production order 16) Define Reduction Strategies for network/process orders. Spro-> Production->Capacity reqirements planning->operations->Scheduling->Reduction strategies-> Define reduction strategies for network/process order 17) Define Selection profile. Spro->Production->Capacity requirements Planning->Evalution->Profiles-> Define selection profiles Hope clear to u. Regards Alok

  • Setting needed for Capacity Planning.

    Hi PP Gurus,
    I want to know what setting we have to do for capacity planning.
    what I know is:
    1. W/C should be set for finite scheduling.
    2. In scheduling parameters for process order tick "Generate capacity Requirement".
    This both setting are made in my scenario, but it is'nt loading the work center fot that week.
    Any other setting nedded?
    Thanks, in advance.

    Dear ,
    You need to have following set up at basic level frist before you perfomr the capacity requirement planning  :
    1.In OPKP-Define Production Scheduling parameter -Availability check -Confirm Capacity and also Finite Scheduling chekc box ticked .
    2.In OPU3/OPU5-Define Scheduling Parametesr -you should mark the following
    1.Automatic Scheduling check box should be marked
    2.Scheduling Log check box should be marked -generate in case there is a scheduling error due to capacity over load .
    3.Scedulinga and Generate Capcity should be ticked .
    3.In OPJK Imaintain check capacity with SAPSFCG013 overall profile and set indicator -1 -Release Order -by user decision if capacity is insufficient
    4.Work Center - Define the capcity planner group,activate checkbox Relevant for Finite sceduling,on the capacity header define the shift timings,break timings and unit of measure,no of individual capaity, enter formula for scheduling in capacity view.
    5.Routing - enter the values for the standard values. Use control key with scheduling and CRP activated .
    6. OPD0 and have the following set up  : Overall profile : SFAPSFC015 --Inside the over all profile I have the following set up
    1.Selection Profile -SAPSFCS013 SFC: Order view, standard overview
    2.Control Profile : SAP___C004 : Gen Capacity Availability Check for 1.5 months
    3.Time Profile : SAP___Z006 : Gen Capacity Availability Check for 1.5 months
    4.Evalution Profile : SAPSFCA013 : Gen Capacity Availability Chek =3.0D
    5.Strategy Profile : SAPSFCVER1-Gen Capacity availability Check
    6.Period Profile : SAP___P001 -Weekly period
    7.List Profile : SAPSFCI001-Production Planing
    Check all of them in place .Then you can go ahead with Capacity Req.Planning -Evalution and Leveling -CM21/CM22/CM05/CM07  etc.
    Refere the below theread for farther reference :
    Capacity problem in production order
    capacity planning
    Hope this will be useful .

  • Planned order splitting during capacity planning

    anybody plese help me during the capacity planning in T.code.CM31 i want to split a planned order and want to assign alternative sequence. how can i do this and the capacity should be reschedule automatically to my requirement date. i am using backward scheduling.
    plese suggest immediately
    Thanks and reagards

    Dear Bhakta
    MRP does not perfom any Capacity Requirement Planning .While  you are executing MRP with Lead Time Scheduling , MRP proposes Planned Order Dates based on the Routing Operation Timing not based on the Work Centre available Capacity because in SAP Std R/3 we did not have scope to check the finite scheduling and capacity requirement chek .MRP assume that Work Centre has infinite available capacity .
    In MRP run , it will give you Detail scheduling of the Operation in Planned Order -Detail Scheduling tab  and copied the routing , BOM as master data .When you convert that Planned order to Production order , it will copy the Routing details based on the Order Type denpendt Parameters -OPL8-Routing -Alternative sequnce  and Automatic selection -3 option
    Thats why we have Capacity Requirement Planning  for Detail Capcity check and production order scheduling  .
    Note : Earlier to my first  reply , please note that you have option in CM21  enter sequence number  at order level which may applicable to you .CM21-Work Centre -exectute -Select the Order from order pool -Goto Order -Sequence number maintainence
    This number( sequence number operation /order )  that can be assigned to production orders or planned orders at the level of the task list header and is therefore valid for all the operations in an order.
    Hope this is clear .Revert if you nees farther help
    Edited by: Jiaul Haque on Jul 5, 2010 3:32 PM
    Edited by: Jiaul Haque on Jul 5, 2010 4:01 PM

  • Any std report in Capacity Planning showing only dispatched orders/opns ?

    Hi CRP gurus:
    Does SAP has any standard report/transaction in Capacity Planning that shows (or has a selection for showing) only "dispatched" orders/opns ?
    - Chetan

    Use transaction COOIS. In this choose Operations, System status as DSPT at operation level, enter plant and execute. You will get only orders and the operations which are dispatched in this plant.
    You can navigate to the capacity planning table from the selected records through order change.
    Hope this is ok with you,...reward points..and close.

  • HR personnel availability as input to PM labor capacity planning

    Good Day SAP Gurus!
    I am looking at using HR's personnel availability as input to PM capacity planning.
    I am planing to take this approach;
    1.Reference HR in shift definition in IMG
    2.Use the shift grouping in Work Ctr capacity header
    3.Define Interval of Available Capacity using the shift defined
    Appreciate your valuable inputs for the above steps to ensure it will work as well as the transactions/table to check personnel availability between HR and PM.
    Also, I have read that I can use "Performing Work Center" in operations of capacity category "personnel" for the same purpose but I don't know how this works.
    Anyone has better approach? Thanks a lot in advance!!

    without knowing the answer:
    i would first check the integration points of PErsonnel Time Management with other SAP Applications. As far as I remember is the "CATS" (Cross Application Time Services) function collecting data for cross company topics, like capacity leveling tasks.
    Andreas R

Maybe you are looking for

  • How can I install Windows on my new Mac?

    This question sounds simple, but I am going nuts. I got this MacBook Pro recently, and I need Windows (to run ArcGIS 10). I know it can be done, and in fact is very common. However, I'm stuck. Here are the problems: - Only Windows 8.1 is currently av

  • Ram upgrade only works in one slot at a time

    Hey, has anybody experienced this same issue? I have a mid 2009 Macbook Pro 13" and I was trying to upgrade from the factory 2 Gbs of RAM to 8 Gbs. I have 2X4 Gbs of memory and it turns out that only one 4 Gbs stick works at a time. The laptop boots

  • IPod Issue-USB Device Not Recognized

    Hello. I am having continuous issues on and off with my iPod and syncing it to Windows. PC info: PC, Windows Vista, No Service Pack enabled, iPod 6th generation (classic-80gb). The error message states as follows: If anybody can provide assistance wi

  • Music library has disappeared

    I have just noticed to my horror that my itunes library is empty. Looking in the trash I have found the songs listed individually amongst all the other rubbish. I had thought that perhaps I had mistakenly deleted the music or something equally stupid

  • Time Machine, External Hard Drives, Drobos, questions....

    I'm not sure if I'm posting this in the right place, but feel free to point me somewhere else if not.  I'm a professional photographer transitioning into some video work and am currently working out a media drive / backup drive solution to suit the n