Sum of variable

I have a report data as following:
Invoice | Invoice Line | Supplier | Total Amt
Inv 1 0001 A 100
Inv 1 0002 B 100
Inv 2 0001 A 200
Inv 2 0002 B 200
I have done the report into grouping the data by suppress the Duplicate amount and become following
Invoice | Invoice Line | Supplier | Total Amt
Inv 1 0001 A 100
        0002 B
Inv 2 0001 A 200
        0002 B
I have use a variable to calculate how much of Supplier available by using count. In order to avoid duplicate Total Amt = 200, I create a variable C = sum(Total Amt) / count(Supplier). But one things is if I want to do the sum for Total Amt for the entire report. I am not able to use the Sum(Total Amt) in Report footer. And I am not able to do the Sum (Variable C). Any idea?

i gather you are grouping your report by customer then invoice number
use MANUAL running totals, the wizard may be the reason it is incorrect.
create 1 set of the 3 formulas listed below for customer and one set for invoice id.
RESET
The reset formula is placed in a group header report header to reset the summary to zero for each unique record it groups by.
whileprintingrecords;
Numbervar  X := 0;
CALCULATION
The calculation is placed adjacent to the field or formula that is being calculated.
(if there are duplicate values; create a group on the field that is being calculated on. If there are not duplicate records, the detail section is used.
whileprintingrecords;
Numbervar  X := x + ; ( or formula)
DISPLAY
The display is the sum of what is being calculated. This is placed in a group, page or report footer. (generally placed in the group footer of the group header where the reset is placed.)
whileprintingrecords;
Numbervar  X;

Similar Messages

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    I have to loop through some nodes that are laid out like so, then group based off the ATTRIBUTE_CAT while summing up their total amounts. Then i need to add specific ones up together. In the example I'm just showing 2, but there are 7.
    <G_INVOICE_NUM>
    <NAME>BOB</NAME>
    <ATTRIBUTE_CAT>UP</ATTRIBUTE_CAT>
    <AMOUNT>10</AMOUNT>
    </G_INVOICE_NUM>
    <G_INVOICE_NUM>
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    Now this might not be the best way to do this... but it's working, even setting the variables and retreiving them. But I can't seem to add the differerent variables together.
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    Hi Jeremy ,
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    and as the length constraint in Status Bar Tab, use the below code in the Help Key Tab of the form field..
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    As you said your data file have 7 ones like this, you can implement a sub-template concept to achive it.
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    PBV.

  • Sum into Variable

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    HI ,
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  • Sum of Variables

    Hi all,
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    Hi David,
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    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 11111,11
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 11111,11
    Subtotal   . . . . . . . . . . | 22222,22
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    Then now I have:
    Company |  Profit Center | Amount  | If Positive, Amount here | Else (Negative) Amount Here
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | -33333,33 |
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | -11111,11 |
    Subtotal   . . . . . . . . . . | - 44444,44 |  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | -44444,44
    Company |  Profit Center | Amount  | If Positive, Amount here | Else (Negative) Amount Here
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 11111,11 |
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 11111,11 |
    Subtotal   . . . . . . . . . . | 22222,22 | . . . . .  22222,22 . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
    Company |  Profit Center | Amount  | If Positive, Amount here | Else (Negative) Amount Here
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 22222,22 |
    XXXXXX | YYYYYYY | 22222,22 |
    Subtotal   . . . . . . . . . . | 44444,44 | . . . . .  44444,44 . . . . . . . | . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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    SumofPositives: 66666,66
    SumofNegatives: -44444,44
    ok?
    But here I can not progress, because due to the inconstancy I am facing on Webi the sum is returning inconsistent value.. It returns for example:
    SumofPositives: 180000,99
    SumofNegatives: -409834233,43
    Due to this situation I need to change the way to works.

  • Achieving Sum with Variable Rows

    Greetings!
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    Make a var that counts how many fields are not blank;
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  • SUMMING command in SAPScript

    Hello gurus,
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  • Product Costs Split is required, that is fixed and Variable costs

    Hi All,
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    Please help, will award points promptly. Thanks

    Hi,
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  • Changes Interactive forms after SAP_BASIS SP19, SUM in formcalc

    Hi,
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    Hi,
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  • SUMMING table enteies

    Hi all, I hope someone can help me.
    I'm trying to write a report to show production orders and their cost price.
    I currently have an internal table with all the production orders and header material & i have another internal table with the BOM components and their cost per component line.
    Please could someone tell me how to sum these components against the header material?
    please see this code.
    FORM get_bom_comp_costs.
      SELECT aa~matnr aa~stlnr bb~idnrk bb~menge
             cc~verpr
        FROM mast AS aa INNER JOIN stpo AS bb ON aa~stlnr  = bb~stlnr
                        INNER JOIN mbew AS cc ON bb~idnrk  = cc~matnr
        INTO wa_bom_comp_costs
        FOR ALL ENTRIES IN it_prod_ord_comps
        WHERE aa~matnr = it_prod_ord_comps-plnbez.
        wa_bom_comp_costs-bomcost = wa_bom_comp_costs-verpr * wa_bom_comp_costs-menge.
        APPEND wa_bom_comp_costs TO it_bom_comp_costs.
      ENDSELECT.
    FORM get_prod_ord_costs.
      LOOP AT it_prod_ord_comps INTO wa_prod_ord_comps.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-plnbez   = wa_prod_ord_comps-plnbez.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-maktx    = wa_prod_ord_comps-maktx.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-mvgr5    = wa_prod_ord_comps-mvgr5.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-gamng    = wa_prod_ord_comps-gamng.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-aufnr    = wa_prod_ord_comps-aufnr.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-auart    = wa_prod_ord_comps-auart.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-ftrms    = wa_prod_ord_comps-ftrms.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-loekz    = wa_prod_ord_comps-loekz.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-elikz    = wa_prod_ord_comps-elikz.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-asttx    = wa_prod_ord_comps-asttx.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord1 = ???????????????????????.
        wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord2 = wa_prod_ord_comps-gamng * wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord1.
        APPEND wa_prod_ord_costs TO it_prod_ord_costs.
    the prodord1 field needs to look at the header material and sum the cost of the components
    many thanks

    >
    MLockett wrote:
    > Hi all, I hope someone can help me.
    >
    > I'm trying to write a report to show production orders and their cost price.
    >
    > I currently have an internal table with all the production orders and header material & i have another internal table with the BOM components and their cost per component line.
    >
    > Please could someone tell me how to sum these components against the header material?
    >
    > please see this code.
    >
    >
    FORM get_bom_comp_costs.
    >
    >   SELECT aa~matnr aa~stlnr bb~idnrk bb~menge
    >          cc~verpr
    >     FROM mast AS aa INNER JOIN stpo AS bb ON aa~stlnr  = bb~stlnr
    >                     INNER JOIN mbew AS cc ON bb~idnrk  = cc~matnr
    >
    >     INTO wa_bom_comp_costs
    >     FOR ALL ENTRIES IN it_prod_ord_comps
    >     WHERE aa~matnr = it_prod_ord_comps-plnbez.
    >
    >     wa_bom_comp_costs-bomcost = wa_bom_comp_costs-verpr * wa_bom_comp_costs-menge.
    >
    >     APPEND wa_bom_comp_costs TO it_bom_comp_costs.
    >
    >   ENDSELECT.
    >
    >
    >
    FORM get_prod_ord_costs.
    >
    >   LOOP AT it_prod_ord_comps INTO wa_prod_ord_comps.
    >
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-plnbez   = wa_prod_ord_comps-plnbez.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-maktx    = wa_prod_ord_comps-maktx.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-mvgr5    = wa_prod_ord_comps-mvgr5.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-gamng    = wa_prod_ord_comps-gamng.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-aufnr    = wa_prod_ord_comps-aufnr.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-auart    = wa_prod_ord_comps-auart.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-ftrms    = wa_prod_ord_comps-ftrms.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-loekz    = wa_prod_ord_comps-loekz.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-elikz    = wa_prod_ord_comps-elikz.
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-asttx    = wa_prod_ord_comps-asttx.
    >    
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord1 = ???????????????????????.
    >    
    >     wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord2 = wa_prod_ord_comps-gamng * wa_prod_ord_costs-prodord1.
    >
    >     APPEND wa_prod_ord_costs TO it_prod_ord_costs.
    >
    > the prodord1 field needs to look at the header material and sum the cost of the components
    >
    > many thanks
    Alright man.
    The question is not clear. By the way what do you want to sum? if you want to sum a variable, cant you do like
    targetvariable = targetvariable + sourcevariable.
    I am not sure what do you want to sum i mean which two variables.

  • Please explain the Functinality given ASAP

    General Description
    Teac Electronics (M) Sdn Bhd currently is requesting for a new customized report which list down by finished products, sales quantity, sales amount, material cost and scrap plus variable and fixed expense.
    The customized report should only include the finished product of category ZTFG and generated by center selection and the source of each cell is extracted as indicated and as per existing reports ZCOAVT01 (program), ZSL2/ZSL3 (transaction code), FBL3 (transaction code) and J1SIPAAX (program).
    ZCOAVT01 is a product costing report, which includes both sub-assemblies (ZTSA) and finished goods (ZTFG). 
    Description
    A new customized report, which list down by finished products, sales quantity, sales amount, material cost and scrap plus variable and fixed expense.
    The customized report should only include the material type (finished product of category) ZTFG and generated by center selection and the source of each cell is extracted as indicated and as per existing reports ZCOAVT01 (program ZCOAVT01), ZSL2 (program JZSL2AAX) / ZSL3 (program JZSL3AAX), FBL3 (program RFEPOS00) and J1SIPAAX (program J1SIPAAX).
    ZCOAVT01 is a product costing report, which includes both sub-assemblies (ZTSA) and finished goods (ZTFG). 
    Screen Layout
    Selection Parameter layout:
    Selection Parameter
    Below are the user selection parameters:
    No.     Description     Technical Name     Format     Opt/Mand?
    1     Company code     BUKRS     4 CHARS     Mandatory
    2     Controlling Area     KOKRS     4 CHARS     Mandatory
    3     Plant      WERKS     4 CHARS     Mandatory
    4     Division     SPART     2 CHARS     Optional
    5     Product Group     KSTRG     12 CHARS     Optional
    6     Material Number     MATNR     18 CHARS     Optional
    7     Plan Version     VERSN     3 CHARS     Optional
    8     Fiscal Year     GJAHR     4 CHARS     Mandatory
    9     First Half     N/A     OPTION BUTTON     
    10     Second Half     N/A     OPTION BUTTON     
    11     Cost Center group     KSGRU     4 CHARS     Optional
    12     Or Values     KOSTL     4 CHARS     Optional
    13     Cost Element Group     KAGRU     USER DEFINE     Optional
    14     Or Values     KSTAR     4 CHARS     Optional
    15     Controlling Area Currency     N/A     OPTION BUTTON     
    16     Company Code Currency     N/A     OPTION BUTTON     
    Remarks: Selection screen is a combination of Report ZCOAVT01 and ZSL2/ZSL3
    Expected Output and Mapping of User selection entry to SAP Tables
    1.    Expected Output
    2.    Below is the mapping logic of the selection criteria to SAP tables.
    (R)ow       Cost elements     
    Formula     Refer program
    1 till 7 retrieve from report  ZCOAVT01 and FBL3
    Your program should only pick up figures from those material which belong to type ZTFG only (Table name = RMMG1, Field name = MTART), refer to appendix A1 and A2
         ODD Media Budget Expenses          
    1     Actual Sales Quantity     refer to appendix A1     ZCOAVT01
    2
         Sales Amount
         refer to appendix A1 and A2     ZCOAVT01
    (Plan sales amount)
    FBL3
    (Actual sales amount)
    3     Material used     refer to appendix A1     ZCOAVT01
    4     Scrap     refer to appendix A1     ZCOAVT01
    5     Balanced      Sales amount (R5) – material used (R6) – scrap(R7)     
    6     Recovery Amount     Balance (R8) – Valuable Expenses (R17)     
    7     Recovery Ratio     Recovery Amount (R9) / Fixed Expenses (R24) * 100
    8 till R25 retrieve from report  ZSL2 and ZSL3, refer to Appendix B
    8
         DIRECT LABOUR
         Sum of cost element :
    5013101
    5013111
    5013131
    5013133
    5013136
    5013141
    5013152
    5013153
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    9
         WELFARE
         Sum of cost element :
    5013302
    5013311
    5013312
    5013313
    5013321
    5013341
    5013361
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    10
         SUNDRY TOOLS, L;INE SUPPLIES
         Sum of cost element :
    5015202
    5015211
    5015231
    5015241
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    11
         MAINTENANCE
         Sum of cost element :
    5015411
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    12
         OTHER EXPENSES
         Sum of cost element :
    5015601
    5015631
    5015691
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    13     VARIABLE EXPENSES     
    Sum(R12~ R16)               
    14
         INDIRECT LABOUR
         Sum of cost element :
    5013201
    5013211
    5013231
    5013233
    5013241
    5013252
    5013253
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    15
         WELFARE
         Sum of cost element :
    5013301
    5013332
    5013342
    5013351
    5013361
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    16
         DEPRECIATION
         Sum of cost element :
    5014300
    5014600
    5014700
    5014800
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    17
         UTILITIES
         Sum of cost element :
    5015301
    5015311
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    18
         ALLOCATION SUPPORT SEC
         Sum of cost element :
    9100001
    9100002
    9100003
                   JZSL2AAX
    J1SIPAAX
    19     FIXED EXPENSES     R19R20R21R22R23               
    20     TOTAL EXPENSES     R17+R24               
    21     P & L     R9 – R24               
    22     Scrap ratio     R7/(R6 + R7)               
    From the “Expected Output” file, to derive the amounts for column Q and R:-
    Cell     Formula
    Q5     Sum of actual sales amount. Sum(C5, E5, G5, I5, K5, M5)
    Q6     Sum of  actual material used
    Q7     Sum of actual scrap figure
    Q12     Average of Sum of actual direct labour cost
    Q13     Average of Sum of actual welfare
    Q14     Average of Sum of actual SUNDRY TOOLS, L;INE SUPPLIES
    Q15     Average of Sum of actual Maintenance
    Q16     Average of Sum of actual other expenses
    Q17     Average of Sum of actual variable expenses
    Q19     Average of Sum of actual Indirect labour
    Q20     Average of Sum of actual Welfare
    Q21     Average of Sum of actual Depreciation
    Q22     Average of Sum of actual Utilities
    Q23     Average of Sum of actual Allocation support sec
    Q24     Average of Sum of actual fixed expenses
    Q25     Sum of variable expenses (Q17) + fixed expenses (Q24)
    R12     (Q12/Q25) * 100
    R13     (Q13/Q25) * 100
    R14     (Q14/Q25) * 100
    R15     (Q15/Q25) * 100
    R16     (Q16/Q25) * 100
    R19     (Q19/Q25) * 100
    R20     (Q20/Q25) * 100
    R21     (Q21/Q25) * 100
    R22     (Q22/Q25) * 100
    R23     (Q23/Q25) * 100
    R25     “100%”
    Appendix A1
    Path: Accounting>Controlling>Cost oRject controlling>Product cost Ry period>Information System>Report selection
    Application tree report selection product cost Ry period>Product cost Ry period>COPC customized reports>customized reports>Product costing: Actual Vs Target Cost(ZCOAVT01)
    Sample variant: Z3140
    Appendix A2
    For Actual Sales amount, the values will be obtained from the following GL accounts:-
    4011100    SALES-THIRD PARTIES-FINISHED GOODS
    4011101    SALES-THIRD PARTIES-BENQ-FINISHED GOODS
    4012100    SALES-TEAC CORPORATION-FINISHED GOODS
    4015100    SALES-TEAC INDONESIA-FINISHED GOODS
    4016100    SALES-TEAC AMERICA INC-FINISHED GOODS
    4017100    SALES-TEAC RELATED GROUP-FINISHED GOODS
    4150120    INTRACOMPANY SALES (IPC-FG&SA)
    1) Go to tcode FBL3, select the above mentioned GL accounts to get the following listing. Thereafter, drill down further to get the material number:-
    Appendix B
    WORKING TO SPLIT THE VARIABLE AND FIXED EXPENSES FOR MATERIAL ZTFG
    1) Go to the following patch
    Path: Information system>general report selection
    Application tree report selection general>report selection>controlling>customized reports>cost center reports
    2) From the above ZSL2 / ZSL 3 report, in order to get the mapping of the allocation to material, go to Cost Center Report (program J1SIPAAX).
    EXAMPLE :-
    The following is the sample file extracted from Cost Center Actual Line Item Report for period 1 fiscal year 2007:-
    From the above sample file, material 4900154401 (ZTFG) received 16.80 (0.2%) out of total 8,526.56. Hence, the following sender cost elements will be split  as below:-
    5014700 => 296.87 x 0.2% = 0.59
    5014800 => 157.49 x 0.2% = 0.32
    5015202 => 314.29 x 0.2% = 0.63
    and so on
    According to the mapping logic in page 6, since 5014700 and 5014800 is categorised as Depreciation = Fixed Expenses, the sum received will be 0.91 (0.59 + 0.32). Whereas, for 5015202, it will be categorised as Sundry Tools = Variable Expenses in the new customised report.

    ok... I will come back if i had any query...
    There is nobody to help me out thats why...

  • Instantiation and Encapsulation

    Hi
    Can any one explain me about instantiation and Encasulation with example, i am new to ABAP Objects.
    Please dont send any links.
    Arun Joseph

    Hi,
    First let me give small introduction to OO ABAP programing.
    Object-oriented programming is a method of implementation in which programs are organized      as cooperative collections of objects, each of which represents  an instance of some class...?
    A class is a set of objects that share a common
    structure and a common behavior
    A class will have attributes ( i.e data definition) and methods ( nothing but functions )
    We can also call  object as Instance of the class.
    Lets see a simple demo class to calcualte SUM of 2 numbers.
    define 2 variables a and b of type i. (Attributes)
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    2 importing paramers and an exporting parameter res for the method.
    Note: you can either create a class either globally or locally..
    Goto SE24 to create Global class, this class will be avaialable for use in all the programs, this is like class library with all global classes.
    Local class is the one which you create in SE38 i.e; your own program,
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    SO let us discuss the example with SE24(global class)
    give a class name, description,
    In the attributes tab, define a and b of type i, level as instance attribute and
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    in the methods tab give name, level as instance, visibilty as pubilc again.
    now double click on the method name, it will take to you to write the code.
    (method implementation)
    just wirte between the method ---endmethod,
    res = num1 + num2.
    come back to methods tab, click on parameters button, to define exporting, importing etc.. paramters for your method,
    define 'res' as an exporting parameter, 2 variables num1 and num2 as importing parameters.Activate the class.
    now you have defined a class.
    whenever you want the logic to sum 2 variables, in all those cases you can make use of the SUM method in this class. This is what Reusability is.A very imp. feature of OO ABAP.
    So now comes Instantiation.
    you can't directly access a class.
    You have to create a reference variable of the type of the class, then create an object with the reference variable. (memory allocation).
    This step is called Instantiation or Instantiating the class
    For this go to se38, in which ever program you want to instatantiate the above class.
    do as below.
    data: obj type ref to zsow_cl1.
    start-of-selection.
    create object obj.
    Now object of the above class is ready for you.
    Now all the contents i.e either attributes or methods etc of the class can be accessed with this object
    now you have to call the method 'sum' of the above class using the above object in your program for the sum functionalty.
    for that click on Pattern button select 'Abap Object Patterns' press enter
    select 'Call method' radio button, give your object name ('OBJ')
    class name  ( ZSOW_CL1)
    give the method name (SUM)
    class and method names can be selected from the F4
    press enter.
    you will get the below line in your program
    CALL METHOD OBJ->SUM
      EXPORTING
        NUM1   =
        NUM2   =
    *  IMPORTING
    *    RES    =
    now define 2 variables of type i to pass the inputs to the method and one more vairable to hold the output coming from the FM
    on the whole code in your se38 is as follows.
    DATA: OBJ TYPE REF TO ZSOW_CL1,
          X TYPE I,
          Y TYPE I,
          Z TYPE I.
    START-OF-SELECTION.
      CREATE OBJECT OBJ.
      X = 10.
      Y = 10.
      CALL METHOD OBJ->SUM
        EXPORTING
          NUM1 = X
          NUM2 = Y
        IMPORTING
          RES  = Z.
      WRITE: Z.
    so Z will give the output.
    Next is Encapsulation
    while defining the method i asked you to give the visibility as Public.
    Visibility can be of 3 types:
                  Public
                  Protected
                  Private
    public means as i said above the method or varaibles can be used outside the class also.as you did above outside the class you have created an object to the class and
    accessed the method.
    private means the attributes/methods that you define in the class can only be accessed in/by the method of the same class, they cannot be accessed anywhere else and outside.
    change your 'a' parameter visibilty to private and try the below code in se38.
    obj->b = 10.
    obj->a = 10.
    1st line doesn't give error, since 'b' is public attribte,
    2nd line will give error since 'a' is now private.
    you can use 'a' in the 'SUM' method if you want.
    Protected means it can't be accessed outside of the class like with the help of object, but can be accessed in  the child class if defined to the above class.
    just post if you have any other doubts after trying this example.
    Do reward points if it helps you.
    Regards,
    Sowjanya

  • Fixed Cost & Material Cost

    Hi! All
    How to find Proportion of Fixed Cost and Full cost of a material. Is it possible to get it?
    Thanks and Regards,
    Kv

    full cost is nothing but the sum of variable cost + fixed cost.  Obviously the  cost of material, labour, etc. are variable costs.  Fixed costs are usually overheads which you define through cost sheets.  In the cost component structure, you will have to define the items are fixed, variable or variable + fixed.  thus when you analyze the cost component structure, you can get the required information.

  • Strange assign behaviour

    Hi,
    I have defined variable (inputVariable) based on complex message type.
    I need create copy of this variable for making changes on it.
    So I created new variable (inputCopyVariable) based on the same complex message type.
    In assign activity I assign
    <copy>
    <from variable="inputVariable"/>
    <to variable="inputCopyVariable"/>
    </copy>
    Then I assign new values to inputCopyVariable.
    <copy>
    <from variable="checkingVariable" part="checkingResponseElement" query="/ns3:checkingResponseElement/sum"/>
    <to variable="inputCopyVariable" part="payload" query="/client:inputRequest/client:price"/>
    </copy>
    I was shocked when I discovered that inputVariable was changed too.
    So I experiment and it is true, when I change any of this variables then BPEL makes a change to both variables.
    I need independent variables, how to do this.
    I can use transformation. There is everything all right.
    Thanks.

    I think it is not a problem of displaying the variables in the BPELConsole.
    I make experiment:
    simple process with two vriables created with same message type.
    1) variable1.note = 'new'
    2) variable2 = variable1
    3) variable1.note = 'change'
    4) variable2.text = 'text'
    5) <case condition="bpws:getVariableData('variable1','payload','/client:vars/client:note') = bpws:getVariableData('variable2','payload','/client:vars/client:note')">
    if condition is true then process return 1 else return 0
    Testing this I can see changing both variables and get comparing values by BPEL.
    Result is: changing variable1 cause change variable2 and process return 1 (values of vriables are same).

  • Calculating Arrays

    This is my first Java course. I have to create an array that stores 20 prices. I have
    double[] prices = {2.34, 7.89, 1.34,5.00,5.89, 3.59, 4.83, 6.72, 1.89,
    .89,2.00, 3.00, 6.53, 4.32, 1.66,10.99, 19.99,7.45, 25.95,.99};
    Then we have to display the sum of all the prices and calculate the average price.
    It sounds easy. I can do it in C++ but some how I do not know how to code it in java. Our text does not explain it well enough.
    I suspect that I have to use a method. I know how to create methods but not for an array.
    Can anyone help with an example?

    This is what you want?
    import java.text.DecimalFormat;
    class ArrayTest
         public static void main(String args[]) //main method
         DecimalFormat twoDigits = new DecimalFormat("0.00"); //two digits after the dot(.), adjust to your needs
         double sum =0.0, average=0.0; //sum & average variables
         double[] prices ={ 2.34, 7.89, 1.34, 5.00, 5.89, 3.59, 4.83,
                            6.72, 1.89, 0.89, 2.00, 3.00, 6.53, 4.32,
                            1.66, 10.99, 19.99, 7.45, 25.95, 0.99 };
          for (int i=0; i<20; i++)
            sum = sum + prices; //the sum
         average = sum/20; //the average
         System.out.println("The sum is: " + twoDigits.format(sum));
         System.out.println("The average is: " + twoDigits.format(average));
    Study it, Anything you don't understand let me know.
    AA

  • Would someone tell me something about multithread and multiprocessor

    Hey, would you be so kind to tell me something about how to progrmme with using multithread in multiprocessro? and where can I find something about it? My problem is that
    Assume that you have to write a computer program that will receive as input a single array
    storing a large number of integers. The program has to compute the prefix sums of the
    number sequence.
    Given a sequence of numbers x1, x2, ..., xn, the prefix sums are the partial sums:
    s1 = x1
    s2 = x1 + x2
    sn = x1 + x2 + ... + xn
    �You have to be prepared to write a program for program should be able to use a variable, user-specified, number of processors. For
    example, the user should be able to run the program using any number of processors P
    between 1 and 16. The number of processors P can either be selected using a command
    line argument or the program can prompt the user.
    �Your program should be able to sum a variable, user-specified, number of integers. The
    integers in the input sequence should be randomly generated inside your program. (That
    is, the user will input n, and the program will then randomly generate n numbers.)
    �Your program should print out (either to the standard output or to a file) in ascending
    order the prefix sums computed: s1, s2, �, sn.
    Can someone give me some help? I have no idea about how to do it?
    thanks a lot of

    I think perhaps you are asking about how to create threads in Java? I'm not sure, but I'll give you some background anyway. Basically all that you need to know is documented in the class java.lang.Thread. If you want a class to run on a separate thread then you can do one of two things:
    (a) define a class that extends Thread.
    (b) define a class that implements Runnable.
    I prefer the latter, but it's up to you. So, for example, if I have some computationally expensive algorithm to execute I would define a class like this:
    public class ImExpensive implements Runnable {
    ����public void run() {
    ��������<insert code here>
    ����}
    Then when you want to run the algorithm you do this:
    ����ImExpensive o = new ImExpensive();
    ����new Thread(o).start();
    The second line in this case constructs a thread that the object 'o' can run on (the start() method causes the run() method in the ImExpensive class to execute).
    Now, as for running on multi-processors, I have never done this so I am not too sure. But all that you have to do is figure out a way of associating the thread that was created with a particular processor.
    Also, be careful when using threads. Everything will be OK if your computations are mutually exclusive (ie: they aren't interdependent). If they aren't then you might run into what is sometimes called "the racehorse problem". This is a phenomenon that occurs because you can't guarantee which threads are going to finish first or indeed the order of interleaved operations. It's difficult to describe but this tutorial may help you out.
    http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/essential/threads/
    Hope that helps. :)
    Ben

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