What is the use of 'ALTER DATABASE CLOSE'?

Hello Everybody,
SQL*Plus: Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production on Ma Aug 15 21:28:30 2005
Copyright © 1982, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.1.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
SQL> conn / as sysdba
Connected.
SQL> startup force
ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 171966464 bytes
Fixed Size 787988 bytes
Variable Size 145750508 bytes
Database Buffers 25165824 bytes
Redo Buffers 262144 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> select status from v$instance;
STATUS
OPEN
SQL> alter database close;
Database altered.
SQL> select status from v$instance;
STATUS
MOUNTED
SQL> alter database open;
alter database open
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-16196: database has been previously opened and closed
If i have to shutdown the instance and database then
WHAT IS THE USE OF 'ALTER DATABASE CLOSE' ?
I need explanation. Why should i shutdown?
Dont give me this answer.
ORA-16196: database has been previously opened and closed
Cause: The instance has already opened and closed the database, which is allowed only once in its lifetime.
Action: Shut down the instance.

If you read the documentation you will see that there is no ALTER DATABASE CLOSE command.
This is an undocumented Oracle command, which we are not supposed to use. Consequently we are not allowed to complain about the way that it works. Instead we're supposed to use SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE.
Cheers, APC

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